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363 Views
44 Downloads

Kasungu municipality is approximately 130 kilometres north-west of the capital of Malawi, Lilongwe. It has a total population of 77,619. The population swells up during the day, except on Sundays when most shops are closed. The municipality has a high population density of 2,188 people per square kilometre. The majority of the residential areas are informal settlements, which occupy 64 percent of …

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424 Views
92 Downloads

Itahari Sub-Metropolitan is the largest city in Sunsari District located in the Province No.1 of south-eastern Nepal.
The total population was 1,40,517 living in 33,794 households extended in the area of 93.78 square kilometres and the population growth rate is 6.23.

The sub-metropolitan does not have municipal sewer network, thus every household rely on onsite sanitation system. No open …

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360 Views
43 Downloads

Enugu City is a major commercial and industrial hub in southeastern Nigeria with an estimated population of just over a million people, although this figure increases during the daytime as many residents of the state come to the city to work and trade.

A study estimated that 70 percent of Enugu city’s population live in areas of higher density and lower income in tenement-type housing. …

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94 Views
2 Downloads

In the communities where WoMena works, girls and women frequently ask about menstrual
irregularities. Clearly, they are concerned, both about their general health, and their fertility.
Irregularities take many forms - age at onset of menarche or menopause, length of cycle,
amount of bleeding, menstrual pain and discomfort, as well as bleeding outside the cycle.

Menstrual patterns vary …

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217 Views
3 Downloads

WoMena believes in providing best available evidence, so that women and girls, and their communities, can make informed choice. Using menstrual cups does not affect virginity, and there is as yet no evidence that menstrual cups affect the corona. However, out of respect for cultural beliefs, WoMena recommends that, if girls or women have continuing concerns, they should choose an alternative …

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223 Views
1 Downloads

The Menstrual Hygiene Management pilot was conducted among 80 refugee women and girls, aged 15-30 years in Imvepi refugee settlement over four phases, namely (1) exploration, sensitization and training of trainers, (2) trainer trial period, (3) beneficiary training, and (4) menstrual cup (MC) trial period of beneficiaries and final evaluation. In addition to the fact that female received …

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527 Views
67 Downloads

This toolkit provides step-by-step guidance to Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) programme managers and partners on how to engage and work collaboratively with the WASH community to improve delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene services to underserved population affected by many neglected tropical diseases. The toolkit is based on real-life programme experience, which users can match to their …

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230 Views
19 Downloads

The 22nd meeting of the UK’s Sanitation Community of Practice was held on the 26th of November 2018 at Oxfam House in Oxford. The aim of the event was to discuss with the participants the needs and potentials of financing sanitation. The challenges of finding funding sources, data acquisition, correct understanding of terminology, financial sustainability, and equitable service provision were …

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219 Views
31 Downloads

Climate change and its impacts can be seen in many regions around the world and is having a major effect on the large water cycle, resulting in rising sea levels, disrupted seasonal rainfall patterns, a rise in average global temperatures, droughts, heatwaves and more frequent extreme weather events.

These climate-related hazards have repercussions for the availability and continuity of water …

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160 Views
2 Downloads

WOMENA SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Many women develop urogenital infections, such as bacterial vaginosis or yeast infections, at some point in their life. Prevalence rates of 20-30% or more have been documented in both high-, middle- and low-income countries. Many infections are asymptomatic, meaning that those who have the infection do not know.

Menstruation is a normal, physiologic …

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357 Views
27 Downloads

In early 1967, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was among the first Arab states to re-establish diplomatic relations with the Federal Republic of Germany, leading to the development of an ever since continuing development cooperation programme. In consequence, GTZ/GIZ has been supporting the Jordanian water sector in tackling its many challenges for over 40 years: Between 1975 and 2016, a total of …

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202 Views
7 Downloads

The review paper aims to identify possible linkages to SRHR-related issues, and to provide an overview of MHM policies and programs in the ESA region, with a focus on education, school and community-based sexuality education, WASH, sexual and reproductive health, workplace support and humanitarian programming, as well as opening up the discussion regarding marginalized groups of women and girls …

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175 Views
3 Downloads

With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, UN Member States pledged to ensure “no one will be left behind” and to “endeavour to reach the furthest behind first”.

This paper advances a framework that governments and stakeholders can use to act on their pledge in a way that enables and accelerates progress to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It also seeks to inform the manner …

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215 Views
5 Downloads

We need a much better understanding of the causes and effects of agricultural water pollution as well as effective means to prevent and remedy the problem. In the existing literature, information on water pollution from agriculture is highly dispersed. This repost is a comprehensive review and covers different agricultural sectors (including crops, livestock and aquaculture), and examines the …

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192 Views
2 Downloads

إن توافر مياه نقية ويسهل الحصول عليها بالنسبة للجميع هو جزء أساسي من العالم الذي نريد أن نحيا ‏فيه. وتوجد مياه عذبة كافية على كوكب الأرض لتحقيق هذا الحلم. ولكن نتيجة لسوء البرامج ‏الاقتصادية أو لضعف البنية التحتية يموت …

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305 Views
11 Downloads

Strong operations and maintenance (O&M) programmes underpin the effectiveness and sustainability of drinking-water supply systems. Increased attention to and investment in O&M is needed to ensure that water safety and service delivery targets are consistently met and that public health is protected.

Water safety plans (WSPs) are a valuable tool to strengthen O&M programmes, and may contribute …

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353 Views
25 Downloads

This report summarizes the results obtained from an on-line survey conducted by the Shit Flow
Diagram Promotion Initiative (SFD-PI) as a key deliverable of the SFD project. The survey was launched
on April 11th, 2018 and ran for three weeks until May 1st, 2018.
The survey was intended to collect people’s opinions about different aspects of the SFD project,
including the web portal, the …

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295 Views
14 Downloads

Groundwater represents 97% of the world’s available freshwater resources and is extensively abstracted throughout the world. While abundant in a global context, it can only de developed to a certain extent without causing environmental impacts. Also, it is highly variable across the globe, and where it is heavily relied on, it is less renewable. Hence, it is critically important that this …

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258 Views
12 Downloads

WHO and UNICEF, working with the Global Task Team for monitoring WASH in health care facilities (HCF), have developed a set of core questions and indicators for WASH in HCF, in support of monitoring WASH in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The indicators include definitions for basic water, sanitation, hand hygiene, health care waste management, and environmental cleaning services. …

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287 Views
10 Downloads

El programa de Tecnologías Sustentables promueve la difusión, capacitación, legislación e implementación de los sistemas de saneamiento descentralizados domiciliarios y municipales donde incluimos a los sistemas de saneamiento seco.
Con asistencia gráfica y editorial de los estudiantes del último año de la escuela secundaria San Antonio de Padua de Jose Leon Suares, Buenos Aires, …

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362 Views
59 Downloads

The three guidance documents serve the purpose to facilitate and enhance the usage of the SFD Graphic Generator (GG). The "Classification Tool" helps SFD producers to select the most appropriate sanitation systems from the SFD Selection Grid. A support to the step 2 of the SFD GG, the estimation of the proportion of contents of each type of onsite container (tank or pit) which is faecal sludge, …

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393 Views
67 Downloads

Bilwi (also known as Puerto Cabezas) is located in the northeast of Nicaragua on the Caribbean coast. The current population size is estimated to be between 66,790 and 73,615 based on between 12,205 and 14,723 registered properties that are currently inhabited with an average population of five people per lot and a population density in the order of 15,000/km2. Bilwi has demonstrated an …

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373 Views
55 Downloads

The Upper West Region of Ghana is located in the north-western corner of Ghana with the Wa Municipality in the south-eastern part of the Upper West region. Currently, the total population of the Municipality stands at 127,284 and its population density is 542 persons per sq. km. The Municipality has an urban population growth rate of 4% as compared to the national urban growth rate of 3.4%. …

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505 Views
68 Downloads

There is a growing pool of evidence with regard to the effectiveness of school-based MHM interventions under WASH in Schools (WinS). This is because schools provide the ideal environment to reach all girls and boys and address taboos and misconceptions in a culturally sensitive manner.

Ministries of Education (MoE) have the power and the responsibility to transform schools into places with …

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552 Views
0 Downloads

Open defecation (OD), an age-old practice in India, impacts the health of individuals as well as their communities. To tackle the problem, the Government of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in 2014, aimed at making the country open-defecation free (ODF) by October 2019 by giving more attention to community-based approaches. However, while such approaches have helped solve the …

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