Published in: 2013
Nature Healing Nature (NHN), Texas, USA
Location of library entry
This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Mark Illian is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
Further information and a discussion is available on the SuSanA discussion Forum, see link below.
Short description of the project and hypothesis:
The project involved designing a device that would utilize urine to flush waste through a pour-flush (PF) toilet thus reducing or eliminating the need for scarce flush water during the dry season in developing countries. The project team hypothesized such a device would reduce the burden of fetching water from long distances during the dry-season and thus reduce the tendency for rural villagers to return to open defecation when water is scarce. They posit that the urine-flush device would encourage the use of latrines and help reduce incidents of diarrhea and other water related illness by 35%.
Documents available for download below:
1 - Final report to the BMGF (Phase 1), Sept. 2012
2 - Returning to Open Defecation, Post CLTS Defecation Attitudes and Practices In Two Cambodian Villages Once Declared Open Defecation Free - June 2012
Illian, M. (2013). Using waste to move waste (Using urine to flush waste) - Various documents on results from research grant. Nature Healing Nature (NHN), Texas, USA
Asia & Pacific English Fundamental research and engineering
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