Published in: 2014
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
SuSanA Admin (susanaadmin)
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Bolivia was one of the initiators of the Declaration of the Human Right to Water and Sanitation and one of the first countries to incorporate this right in its constitution in 2009.
Of a population of 10,027,254 inhabitants, 67.3 per cent live in urban areas (INE Census 2012). Until the end of 2012, 78.5 per cent of the Bolivian population had access to safe drinking water and 49.4 per cent to sanitation, which means that the country had already reached the Millennium Development Goal related to water. Despite all the investment efforts, the number of people with access to adequate sanitation did not improve much, since about 5 million people still lack access to basic sanitation.
A large proportion of wastewater is discharged untreated into surface waters and they contaminate groundwater, while only about 12 per cent of wastewater is treated successfully.The German Technical Cooperation, through the former PROAPAC Programme (2001-2012), worked on different topics that present progress in the sector:
The consolidation of the sector institutionalisation, including the establishment of an agency dedicated to technical assistance of operators.
Support for the development of various policy and planning instruments, such as the National Basic Sanitation Plan, Community Development Guides and others.
GIZ (2014). Water and Sanitation Activities in Bolivia. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
English Latin America & Caribbean
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