Published in: 2009
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GTZ), Dhaka, Bangladesh
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The objective of this study was to establish whether Toilet Bags are a feasible sanitation alternative for poor urban settlements given the local socio-cultural context. Bangladesh is a relatively conservative society with a culture based largely on Muslim foundations. The act of defecation is traditionally considered a taboo subject, especially for women. Close contact with human excreta is considered religiously and culturally inappropriate by most Bangladeshis, both Muslim and Hindu. In addition, Bangladeshis use water to wash their anal area after defecating and their genitals after urinating, which could make approaches, such as the Toilet Bag, that encourage defecation inside the home, a challenge. Moreover, the practice of using human excreta as fertilizer is not widespread in Bangladesh and could be considered unacceptable by those who are unaccustomed to it.
Wheaton, A. (2009). Results of a medium-scale trial of single-use, self-sanitising toilet bags in poor urban settlements in Bangladesh. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GTZ), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Asia & Pacific English Urban (entire city) Urban informal settlements (slums)
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