Published in: 2011
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Amin, S., Rangarajan, A., Borkum, E.
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The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), a multidonor partnership administered by the World Bank, launched the Global Scaling Up Rural Sanitation project in 2006 to improve access to basic sanitation and eliminate open defecation among the rural poor. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (the Foundation) funded the project, which combined two innovative approaches: (1) Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), which had increased demand for sanitation in Bangladesh and India; and (2) Sanitation Marketing, which had strengthened supply of and demand for sanitation services in Vietnam and several African countries.
The Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing (TSSM) program combined these two interventions and complemented them with efforts to strengthen the enabling environment in order to create a holistic, sustainable, and scalable program. WSP decided to test the program at scale in East Java, Indonesia; in Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, India; and in 10 districts in Tanzania between 2007 and 2010.
Amin, S., Rangarajan, A., Borkum, E. (2011). Improving Sanitation at Scale: Lessons from TSSM Implementation in East Java, Indonesia - Final report. Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Asia & Pacific English Rural
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