Managing Septage in Cities of Uttar Pradesh

CSE (2019)

Published in: 2019

Water Programme, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE)


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SuSanA Admin

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Centre for Science and Environment


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A sanitation snapshot of urban Uttar Pradesh, India clearly indicates that households with onsite sanitation systems like septic tanks (47 per cent) far exceed those with sewer connections (28 per cent), hence septage management in the state becomes an integral part of sustainable sanitation. According to the State Annual Action Plan 2017, most cities have reported more than 80 per cent coverage of latrines, but out of the 60 AMRUT cities, 34 have reported zero efficiency regarding collection and treatment of sewage.

The Center for Science and Environment (CSE), India did a study across the sanitation chain in 66 cities of Uttar Pradesh. To understand the gaps in the service provision, SFDs were developed for each of the cities. Depending on the population, these cities were classified into four clusters and SFDs for these clusters were also developed to understand the key issues the cities, clustered together, are facing. Based on the analysis, an action plan for each cluster is proposed.

This study is available in two volumes. Volume 1 (Managing Septage in Cities of Uttar Pradesh- An analysis of the sanitation chain in 66 cities, through SFDs) briefly describes each stage of the sanitation chain, provides an analysis through cluster SFDs and also proposes an action plan. Volume 2 (Assessment of excreta management- SFD factsheets for 66 cities in Uttar Pradesh), on the other hand, is a compilation of SFD factsheets of each of the 66 cities. Both these volumes were recently released at a state level workshop, which was attended by key government officials from the state and all the 66 cities considered for the study.

Bibliographic information

CSE (2019). Managing Septage in Cities of Uttar Pradesh. Water Programme, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE)


Managing Septage in Cities of Uttar Pradesh: An analysis of the sanitation chain in 66 cities, through SFDs

Format: pdf file
Size: 20.83 MB

Assessment of Excreta Management: SFD factsheets for 66 cities in Uttar Pradesh

Format: pdf file
Size: 30.32 MB

Needs Assessment of Faecal Sludge and Septage Management in Uttar Pradesh: Helping cities achieve ODF ++

Format: pdf file
Size: 6.44 MB

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