Published in: 2015
Environment and Urbanization
Tilmans, S., Russel, K., Sklar, R., Page, L., Kramer, S., Davis, J.
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Container-based sanitation (CBS) – in which wastes are captured in sealable containers that are then transported to treatment facilities – is an alternative sanitation option in urban areas where on-site sanitation and sewerage are infeasible. This paper presents the results of a pilot household CBS service in Cap Haitien, Haiti. We quantify the excreta generated weekly in a dense urban slum, the proportion safely removed via container-based public and household toilets, and the costs associated with these systems. The CBS service yielded an approximately 3.5-fold decrease in the unmanaged share of faeces produced, and nearly eliminated the reported use of open defecation and “flying toilets” among service recipients. The costs of this pilot small-scale service were higher than those of large-scale waterborne sewerage, but economies of scale have the potential to reduce CBS costs over time. The paper concludes with a discussion of planning and policy implications of incorporating CBS into the menu of sanitation options for rapidly growing cities.
Tilmans, S., Russel, K., Sklar, R., Page, L., Kramer, S., Davis, J. (2015). Container-based sanitation - assessing costs and effectiveness of excreta management in Cap Haitien, Haiti. Environment and Urbanization
Container based systems (CBS) English Latin America & Caribbean
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