Stimulating Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) business for effective service delivery in sustainable sanitation through private sector engagement in Kathmandu Valley - Various documents on results from research grant

Dangol, B. et al. (2015)

Published in: 2015

Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO)

Dangol, B. et al.

Uploaded by:
danijela milosevic

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common upload


 Location of library entry

Content - Summary

Content - Summary

This library entry contains background documents and results for a grant that Bipin Dangol is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

The main goal of the project is to create enabling environment in providing population of Kathmandu Valley with safe and improved access to sustainable sanitation through private sector engagement and regulation of key policies related to FSM in the city.

Short description of the project:

The Government of Nepal has set a target of achieving universal access to sanitation by 2017. Therefore many agencies are promoting various sanitation systems but proper planning of Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) is often neglected which is causing severe adverse impact in the environment. FS generated from on-site sanitation systems in urban areas are disposed of haphazardly into the environment and illegally dumped into the sewers due to lack of proper FS treatment systems. The Bagmati river, originating from Kathmandu Valley and flowing through Kathmandu and Lalitpur cities, is heavily polluted due to the discharge of untreated sewerage including unsafe disposal of solid waste and faecal/septage sludge. Faecal sludge (FS) collection/emptying, transportation and safe disposal are still a critical issue in Kathmandu Valley.

Haphazard FS disposal, lack of formal partnership between private FS extraction and transportation service providers and cities, limited capacity of private operators to promote & expand FS business and inadequate research data on technical, economical and institutional aspects of FSM are major problems identified in the context of Kathmandu Valley. To recognize the current status of FSM in Kathmandu Valley, ENPHO with support from The Bill Gates and Melinda Foundation (BMGF) and DfID, UK has conducted a study in Kathmandu Valley.

For further Information see forum link provided below.

Documents available for download below:

1 - Presentation about this project at the FSM3 Conference in Hanoi, Jan. 2015

Bibliographic information

Dangol, B. et al. (2015). Stimulating Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) business for effective service delivery in sustainable sanitation through private sector engagement in Kathmandu Valley - Various documents on results from research grant. Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO)

Filter tags

Asia & Pacific English Faecal sludge treatment processes Peri-urban Practitioners Urban (entire city)

Information on external sites


1 - Presentation about this project at the FSM3 Conference in Hanoi, Jan. 2015

Format: pdf file
Size: 1.79 MB

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