Published in: 2020
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
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Nepal has made an impressive progress in eliminating open defecation across the country in the last two decades. As a result, the percentage of households using improved (not shared) sanitation facilities in Nepal increased from 15% in 2000 to 62% in 2017, and open defecation rates fell from 67% to 21% over the same period (WHO & UNICEF, 2019). Nepal celebrated gains made towards ending open defecation in September 2019.
The range of technologies and products is still relatively limited in Nepal. The pour flush toilet is the most common toilet used by households, particularly in the rural areas. The pans may be plastic or ceramic. There is a widespread preference for ceramic pans. The potential exists for product innovation and the introduction of new technologies to cater to flood-prone, earthquake-prone, water scarce and shallow-groundwater areas.
Shrestha, S. (2020). Sanitation Market Analysis - Summary Report: Nepal. UNICEF
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