Published in: 2009
PhD thesis, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Hamburg, Germany
Hamburg University of Technology, Institute of Wastewater Management and Water Protection
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Aim of this study was to determine the potential risks of pharmaceuticals contained in urine when used as fertiliser by means of a database and by greenhouse experiments. Pharmaceutical concentrations in average German urine could be identified by consumption and pharmacokinetic data and were related to concentrations found in wastewater as well as separately colleted urine. Certain pharmaceuticals persist in soil and are taken up by plants, a potential concern with respect to urine fertilisation.
Winker, M. (2009). Pharmaceutical residues in urine and potential risks related to usage as fertiliser in agriculture. PhD thesis, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Hamburg, Germany
English Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia Fertiliser Urine
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