Kampala City Council - A project for promoting ecological sanitation in Kampala, Uganda - Final evaluation report

Carlesen, J., Vad, J., Otoi, S. (2008)

Published in: 2008

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), Stockholm, Sweden

Carlesen, J., Vad, J., Otoi, S.

Uploaded by:
SuSanA secretariat

Partner profile:
common upload


 Location of library entry

Content - Summary

Sida has supported the promotion of EcoSan in Kampala City Council (KCC) since 2002 through the Lake Victoria Programme. Ecological sanitation is based on the principle that urine, faeces and waste water are resources in the ecological cycle (loop). The Kampala EcoSan Project makes use of dry toilets to separate urine from faeces and through recycling, and makes proper use of the two to support crop production. Important characteristics of this type of EcoSan are separation at source, efficient destruction of pathogenic organisms and recycling of urine and faeces, thereby ‘closing the loop’.

The Evaluation Team (ET) has identified the following conclusions and lessons of general validity regarding design and management of pilot projects aiming at developing and testing new ideas and new approaches:
• The implementation responsibility and capacity must match the strategic requirements of the project;
• This has to be ascertained in an analysis of functions of the stakeholders, legal framework and a thorough institutional and management capacity assessment in the project design phase;
• KCC top managers did not have ownership to this project from the project start and signing of the project agreement took some convincing. This was a serious mistake; donors should never promote ownership even when the project idea is the obvious solution to a real problem of the donors target group;
• In pilot projects flexibility is a must. Analytical capabilities and strategic management skills are required in order to implement in a cost effective manner. Documentation of lessons learnt in a
SMART monitoring and management information system is of strategic importance. Hence, the full integration of pilot projects in the institutional structure of the responsible executive organisation
may not be the best solution, if this organisation has a bureaucratic management system and an objective which differs in nature and scope from the nature and scope of the pilot project.

Based upon the assessment of achievements, constraints and potentials the ET conclude that EcoSan can become a cost-effective, commercially viable and sustainable solution to the sanitation problems of low laying areas
of Kampala under the following assumptions:
• A national policy is approved;
• A KCC strategy and action plan is developed;
• A nationwide Media Campaign is initiated to enhance the status of EcoSan;
• Consumers of farm products accept “EcoSan Foods”;
• EcoSan zoning is introduced as part of urban environmental planning and management;
• The laws of Uganda are adjusted, especially in the light of the EcoSan Strategy (under development)
to include EcoSan as one of the recognised sanitation methods.
• Certification of affordable and hygienic designs are introduced and the models are promoted in the
• Parish Development Plans include EcoSan in a “holistic approach” to urban environmental planning
and management – including grey-water handling, drainage, solid waste, urban greening etc;
• Appropriate funds and fi nance mechanisms are made available as credit to households replacing pit
latrines with EcoSan, and with public-private partnerships which establish commercially viable
collection and transport systems for the EcoSan Products;
• KCC has the capacity to monitor the health aspects of the scaled-up EcoSan system.

Bibliographic information

Carlesen, J., Vad, J., Otoi, S. (2008). Kampala City Council - A project for promoting ecological sanitation in Kampala, Uganda - Final evaluation report. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), Stockholm, Sweden

Filter tags

English Sub-Saharan Africa Urban (entire city) Urban informal settlements (slums) Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)


Kampala city council - A project for promoting ecological sanitation in Kampala, Uganda

Format: pdf file
Size: 0.7 MB

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 360 partners

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

29th SuSanA meeting, Kampala, Uganda

The 29th SuSanA meeting took place on Saturday, 22 February 2020 - just before the The African Water Association (AfWA) International Congress and Exhibition in Kampala, Uganda.

The documentation of the meeting is available here!

SuSanA meetings





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?