Cookie tracking notice
Are we allowed to crumble with cookies and anonymous tracking?

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site (so called session cookies), while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). We use the application Matomo and the external service etracker to analyze your behavior on our website anonymously. Because we value your privacy, we are here with asking your permission to use the following technologies. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy

SFD Intermediate Report - Dipayal Silgadhi Municipality, Nepal


Published in: 2022
Pages: 50

Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO)

Uploaded by:
SuSanA Admin

Partner profile:
common upload


Dipayal Silgadhi municipality is the district headquarters of Doti District in Sudurpashchim Province of Nepal. The former district headquarters of Far Western Development Region, Dipayal Silgadhi lies in the lesser Himalayas on the bank of Seti River at 29°16′N 80°56′E. The municipality comprises nine wards, the smallest local government unit. (Municipality, 2018).

The total population of the municipality is 32,941, with male and female population percentage of 49.24% and 50.26%, respectively. The family size of the municipality is 4.99 (MoFAGA, 2017).

The overview of different sanitation technologies across the sanitation value chain in the municipality is briefly explained in this section. Basic sanitation coverage in the municipality is only 98.07%. The families without their own toilets defecate in open places or use a neighbour’s toilet.

Although there is a lack of sewerage network and a Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP), 2.0% of the population have a connection of their toilet to an open drain and water bodies near their houses without any treatment which indicates unsafe sanitation practice.

36% of Households (HHs) have a toilet connected to a lined tank with impermeable walls and open bottom whereas 5.5% have constructed a toilet connected to a fully lined tank. HHs with a toilet have constructed a circular containment, specifically, 1% have constructed unlined pits, 47% have constructed single pits and 0.9% have constructed twin pits.

There are nine public toilets in the municipality where floating population and service seekers are high. These toilets are in the bus park areas, highway road, tudikhel (open ground space), local market area, near temples and other populated areas.

Only 25% of containments have been emptied at least once since the installation. Both traditional manual scavenging and mechanical emptying of the containments are practised in the municipality. Among the containments that have been emptied at least once, only 6.2% were mechanically emptied by private desludging service providers. The mechanical emptying facility is provided by private desludgers of Dhangadhi sub-metropolitan city who travel to Dipayal Silgadhi municipality once or twice every year to provide the service.

Dipayal Silgadhi does not have a treatment plant for wastewater or faecal sludge. Lack of treatment plant in the municipality has led 83% of FS emptied to be applied unsafely in the farmlands and a few percentage of FS emptied to be dumped into forest areas and nearby water bodies.

Bibliographic information

(2022). SFD Intermediate Report - Dipayal Silgadhi Municipality, Nepal. Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO)

Filter tags

English Politicians and local decision makers Practitioners SFD Report South Asia


SFD Intermediate Report - Dipayal Silgadhi Municipality Nepal

Format: pdf file
Size: 5.57 MB

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 400 partners

Networks Circle


Latest SuSanA Blog Articles

  • 26-03-2024Alice Brandt ,Mascha Kaddori:
    Let’s get wild: Water, sanitation and hygiene at the human-wildlife interface »
  • 21-03-2024Tabeer Riaz:
    Empowering Young Women Water Professionals in South Asia: Leading the Wave of Change »
  • 12-03-2024Beauty Mkoba:
    Unlocking the potential of African Women in STEM through mentorship »
  • 08-03-2024Gloria Mariga :
    Mentorship empowers African women to lead environmental stewardship »
  • 05-03-2024Josphine Gaicugi:
    Achieving access to adequate and equitable sanitation for all is no mean feat »
  • 01-02-2024Sanitation for Millions:
    Toilets Making the Grade® school competition – A Competition where all Participants are Winners »
  • 24-01-2024Anne Fetscher,Jörg Felmeden:
    The sustainable use of tap water (in Germany) and the power of education. An Interview with Dr.-Ing. Jörg Felmeden »

SuSanA Blog »

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »




Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (304 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium

Humanitarian Sanitation Hub

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?
Forgot your username?