3rd International Faecal Sludge Management Conference 2015 - Hanoi, Vietnam

Various authors (2015)

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FSM3, Hanoi, Vietnam

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Various authors

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The Third International Faecal Sludge Management Conference was held in Hanoi from the 18th to the 21st of January 2015. More than 700 delegates from around the world shared ideas and discussed challenges and opportunities in on-site sanitation.

Below you find the list of papers in chronological order by day (Day 1-3) and room (room 1-3 ). In order to search by author, simply press "Ctrl+F" and type in the author's name.

The available FSM3 conference presentations in PDF can be downloaded at http://www.susana.org/en/resources/conference-materials-2/2015/259-fsm3

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Monday 19 January 2015 (Day 1)


Grand Ballroom

*Mr Cao Lai Quang, Vice Minister, Ministry of Construction (MOC), President of Vietnam Water Supply and Sewerage Association (VWSA)

*Dr. Nguyen Hong Tien, Associate Professor, General Director, Ministry of Construction (MOC)

*Introduction: Linda Strande, Senior Scientist EAWAG/SANDEC, Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries, Swiss Federal Institute of Science and Technology, Duebendorf, Switzerland

*Efforts in FSM and Sanitation Improvement in Vietnam: Associate Professor Dr. Viet-Anh Nguyen, Director, Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering (IESE), Vietnam

*Turning the tide on Fecal Sludge Management: Almud Weitz, Principal Regional Team Leader at Water and Sanitation Program East Asia & the Pacific and South Asia – World Bank, Indonesia


Room 1

11.00 – 12.30 FSM at City Scale – Institutional Arrangements, Policy and Finance – Session 1

*Market Structuring of Fecal Sludge Management for the Benefit of Poor Households in Dakar: Mbaye Mbeguere, ONAS, Senegal

*On-site Sanitation Systems and Willingness-to-pay of Emptying in urban areas in Indonesia: Reini Siregar, Water and Sanitation Program World Bank, Jakarta, Indonesia

*Septage Management: An option for improved sanitation in Tripura: Ashutosh Jindal, Urban Development Department, Government of Tripura, India

*Political economy analysis (PEA) of FSM services: Ian Ross, Oxford Policy Management, Oxford, United Kingdom

13.45 – 14.30 The enabling environment for FSM – Lightning Panel Poster Session

*A Technology Applicability Framework to enable sustainable sanitation technology introduction: Alison Parker, Cranfield Water Science institute, Cranfield University, Bedford, United Kingdom

*A Platform for Integrated Sanitation Investment Planning- Proof of Concept (PoC): Sujaya Rathi, CSTEP, Bangalore, India

*Status of Faecal Sludge Management in Botswana: Review of Policies and Practices: Phillimon T. Odirile, University of Botswana, Mopipi, Botswana

*FSM Services in rural Laos: Critical gaps and important Ways forward: Aftab Opel, SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, Vientiane, Laos PDR

*Sewage Generation and Treatment in Class I cities and Class II towns (2001 population basis): K.J. Nath, SULABH International Social Service Organisation, India

*The Sanitation Research Fund for Africa: Sudhir Pillay, WRC (South Africa Water Research Commission), SFRA project, Pretoria, South Africa

*Participatory planning in development of FSM Strategy: A case study of municipality in Thailand: Atitaya Panuvatvanich, School of Environmental Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani, Thailand

14.30 – 16.00 FSM at City Scale – institutional Arrangements, Policy and Finance – Session 2

*Diagnostics and Guidelines for Fecal Sludge Management in Poor Urban Areas: Isabel Blackett, World Bank (WSP), Australia

*Citywide IFSM Services in Small towns, India: Meera Mehta and Dinesh Mehta, CEPT University, India

*Urban Sanitation Status Index: a Tool for prioritizing interventions: Jordi Gallego-Ayala, Peter Hawkins, Water and Sanitation Program World Bank, Mozambique

16.30 – 18.00 Planning for City-Wide FSM Services – Session 3

*Effect of system-scale on Multi-Objective Sanitation Planning: Laura Kohler, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA

*Methodology for rapid assessment and key stakehoder involvement in FSM: Philippe Reymond, Eawag/Sandec/BMGF, Cairo, Egypt

*Demand for Desludging services in Freetown - A Household Survey: Niall Boot, Goal, Dublin, Ireland

*Planning For Improved Faecal Sludge Management for Informal Settlements In Lusaka, Republic of Zambia: Ruth Kennedy-Walker, School of Civil Engineering and GeoSciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle, United Kingdom


Room 2

11.00 – 12.30 FSM as a Business – Session 1

*Urine Diversion Toilet Waste Removal in eThekwini Municipality - Business Partnership Modeling: Nick Alcock, Khanyisa projects, Aqualima Trust, Durban, South Africa

*Developing business models for FSM in Maputo, Mozambique: Odete Muxímpua, Peter Hawkins, Water & Sanitation Program, World Bank, Maputo, Mozambique

*Supporting scale-up of FSM enterprises in Dhaka, Bangladesh: Habibur Rahman, Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP), Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Scaling-up sanitation businesses in low- and middle-income countries: Heiko Gebauer, Eawag, Duebendorf, Switzerland

13.45 – 14.30 Maximizing resource recovery – Lightning Panel Poster Session

*The use of anaerobic Technology to treat Pit Latrine Sludge for Beneficiation: Kurazhi Bangira, Department of Irrigation and Water Engineering, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe

*Pasteurisation and Drying of faecal Sludge by use of medium Wave Infrared (MIR) Radiation: Santiago Septien Stringel, Pollution research Group, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

*Occurrence of helminth eggs in on-site sanitation systems in eThekwini municipality, South Africa: Nicola Rodda, School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal (Westville Campus), Westville, South Africa

*Sanitisation with fly larvae composting: Cecilia Lalander, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden

*Treatment of vermibed effluent from the biofil toilet technology by subsurface infiltration: Peter Owusu-Antwi, SMART Sanitation, KNUST, UNESCO-IHE, Kumasi, Ghana

14.30 – 16.00 FSM as a Business – Session 2

*FSM business models for developing countries: Chaitanya Krishna Rao, International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka

*FSM by a Water Trust in Zambia – The case of Kanyama: Martin Mulenga, Environmental Engineering and Water Technology Department, UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft, The Netherlands

*Social franchising principles developing micro-businesses and improving FSM quality and reliability: Oliver Ive, Amanzabantu Services Ltd, East London, South Africa

*“Control-Cards System” for FSM improvement in Indonesia: Bob Sinarko Wibowo, PT Haskoning Indonesia, part of Royal HaskoningDHV, Jakarta, Indonesia

*The “Earth Auger”, testing and introducing in Latin America’s market a new technology on decentralized sanitation: Marcos Fioravanti, Fundación in Terris, Sustainable Rural Development, Guayaquil, Ecuador

16.30 – 17.15 FSM as a Business – Session 3

*Septage Management for Medium to Long Term Sanitation Improvement in the Typhoon Haiyan Recovery Zone: David Robbins, Oxfam, United Kingdom

*Maximizing Sludge sourcing from low Income Communities in Mombasa, Kenya: Rachel Sklar, UC Berkeley, School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Kenya/USA

*Developing financially viable community management of Vacutugs in Khulna city by Community Development Committee: Rajeev Munankami, SNV Netherlands Development Organisation, The Hague, the Netherlands

*Strengthening pit emptying services in Kampala, Uganda: Najib B. Lukooya, Anna Kristina Kanathigoda, Reform of the Urban Water and Sanitation Sector, GIZ, Kampala, Uganda

17.15 – 18.00 Value of Research & Development to support FSM sector development – Session 4

*Facilities offered by the Pollution Research Group to support FS research: Chris Buckley, Pollution Research Group, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, Durban, South Africa

*The DST-BMGF Sanitation Demonstration Programme: Lessons learnt from phase I of the Technology Demonstration Programme in South Africa: Stuart Woolley, Water Research Commission (WRC), Pretoria, South Africa

*Status of FSM in Southern and Eastern Africa: A snapshot from the Sanitation Research Fund for Africa Project: Sudhir Pillay, WRC (South Africa Water Research Commission), SFRA project, Pretoria, South Africa


Room 3

11.00 – 12.30 FS Desludging and Transportation – Session 1

*The efficacy of low-cost technologies to improve traditional sludge management practices in Madagascar: Jonathan Annis, fhi360, Practica and USAID/WASHplus, Washington DC, USA

*Assessing the effectiveness of container-based sanitation (CBS) in Cap Haitien, Haiti: Sebastien Tilmans, Stanford University, Stanford, Cal, USA

*FSM in the informal settlements of urban Tanzania with a case study of Tungi UMAWA group in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Hezron Magambo, Centre for Community Initiatives Studies at ArdhiLives, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

*Emptying and transporting difficult pit latrine sludge in Blantyre, Malawi: Joseph DeGabriele, Safi Water Treatment Solutions, Blantyre, Malawi

*Development of a low cost desludging pump in Uganda: Samuel Malinga, Water for People, Kampala, Uganda

13.45 – 14.30 Innovation in FS treatment – Lightning Panel Poster Session

*Real scale evaluation of a urine diverting dry toilet: Operational and hygiene perspectives: Maria Elisa Magri, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil

*DRDO biotoilet: an eco-friendly appropriate and affordable sanitation solution for flush toilet system: Soumya Chatterjee, Defence research Laboratory, Defence R&D Organization, Ministry of Defence, Government of India, Tezpur, Assam, India

*The Nano Membrane Toilet: Alison Parker, Cranfield Water Science institute, Cranfield University, Bedford, United Kingdom

*Important factors of on-site sanitation management in urban slum area (A case study of Greater Bandung Area, Indonesia): Iendra Sofyan, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia

14.30-16.00 Technology Innovation – From the Field – Session 2

*10 Years after construction – Lessons learned from the decentralized FS treatment plant in Mojokerto, Indonesia: Prawisti Ekasanti and Maren Heuvels, BORDA, Bremen, Germany

*Innovative Faecal Sludge (FS) Treatment – Appropriate Decentralised Treatment System Design: Thomas Hoffmann, BORDA, Bremen, Germany

*Case Study - Biogas Plant for the Treatment of Fecal Sludge and Straw In NanJing: Tong Boitin, Managing Director, Chengdu DeTong Environmental Engineering Co.,Ltd, Chengdu, China

16.30 – 18.00 FS Properties – Session 3

*FS properties from different on-site sanitation facilities in Durban, South Africa: Konstantina Velkushanova, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

*Assessing on-site sanitation systems and sludge accumulation rates to understand pit emptying in Indonesia: Maraita Listyasari, Water and Sanitation Program, World Bank, Jakarta, Indonesia

*Quantification of FS by truck counting studies with the Private Emptiers’ Association in Kampala: Lars Schoebitz, Eawag/Sandec/EWM, Duebendorf, Switzerland

*Synthetic surrogate for the optimization of anaerobic digestion of FS: Magalie Bassan, Sandec, Duebendorf, Switzerland

*FS characterization and modelling co-treatment with municipal wastewater: Bipin Dangol, Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO), New Baneshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal

*Characteristics of faecal sludge from on-site sanitation facilities (VIP and UD) in the eThekwini Municipality: Lungi Zuma, Pollution Research Group, School of Chemical Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

*Thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of FS and food waste for resource recovery: Viet-Anh Nguyen, Thu Hang Duong, Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering (IESE), Hanoi University of Civil Engineering, Hanoi, Vietnam

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Tuesday 20 January 2015 (Day 2)


Grand Ball Room / Plenary

09.00 – 09.30 Grand Ballroom Keynotes Simultaneous translation (English – Vietnamese)

*The Clear India Mission: Official representative of Secretary of Urban Development, Government of India (TBC)

09.30 – 10.00 Plenary Panel Session – Replicable FS Solutions Working at Scale Simultaneous translation

*Introduction and Chairman: Doulaye Kone, Senior Program Officer, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), USA

*Swacha Bharat Mission (SBM): A Step Towards Cleanliness: Rohit Kakkar, Deputy Advisor (PHE), Ministry of Urban Development, India

*Accelerating Faecal Sludge Management: Hubert Jenny, Principal Urban Development Specialist ADB Vietnam

*Evolution of Sanitation Policies and Programs in India: Shubhagato Dasgupta, Centre for Policy Research, Delhi, India

*Clean India Mission State’s Perspective and Septage Management for Local Bodies in Tamil Nadu: Phanindra Reddy Kanamarle, Principal Secretary to Government, Tamil Hindu, India


Room 1

10.30 – 11.45 Mitigation of Health Risks in FSM – Assessing Health Risk – Session 1

*Development and validation of the SaniPath Rapid Assessment Tool: A simple tool and its applications for FSM: Suraja Raj, Center for Global Safe Water, Rollins School of Public Health – Hubert Department of Global Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA

*Health risks of sanitation workers associated with FSM in India: Sharada Prasad, India

*Nutrient values and health risks of combined human and animal excreta management in Vietnam: Vu Van Tu, Center for Public Health and Ecosystem Research (CENPHER), Hanoi School of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam

*FSM and sanitation in South Africa: a Literature Review: Phindile Madikizela, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa

11.45 – 12.45 Treatment technologies for pathogen reduction – Session 2

*Viscous heating effect on deactivation of helminths in VIP sludge: Gary Foutch, University of Missouri, Kansas City, USA

*Virus inactivation in human or animal waste: Loic Decrey, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

*Assessment of Decomposition of Feacal Sludge in Single Vault Composting Toilet: Viet-Anh Nguyen, Institute of Environmental and Science Engineering (IESE), Hanoi University of Civil Engineering, Hanoi, Vietnam

13.45 – 14.30 FS desludging and transportation – Lightning Panel Poster Session

*Experience of FSM at Arba Minch Town, Ethiopia: Kinfe Kassa, Water Supply & Environmental Engineering Department, University of Arba Minch, Ethiopia

*Penetrometer tests on 110 pit latrines in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya: Damian Seal, Cranfield Water Science institute, Cranfield University, Bedford, United Kingdom

*Heavy metals and microbial loads in raw FS from peri-urban and rural areas of Ashanti region of Ghana: Eugene Appiah-Effah, SMART Sanitation Project, Civil Engineering Department, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

*A simple, low-cost test for FS strength and its application to the development of desludging pumps: Jamie T. Radford, Mott MacDonald, Cambridge, United Kingdom

*The “Excrevator” - Safe and Effective Pit Emptying: Tate Rogers, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA

*Characterisation of Pit Sludge Management, Sludge Biochemical Degradation, and Respective Impacts on Public Health in Unplanned Settlements of Malawi: Khumbo Kalulu, Polytechnic, University of Malawi, Malawi

*Testing Decentralised Treatment Solutions for Portable Home Toilet Waste: Alison Parker, Clean Team toilets, Cranfield University, Cranfield, United Kingdom

14.30 – 15.30 FSM – in Emergency and Disaster Situations – Session 3

*Innovating for Emergency Excreta Disposal: Developing Measures to Support the Design and Dissemination of New Products: Yoke Pean Thye, Department of Environmental Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia

*Disaster management and on-site urban sanitation in South Africa: Richard Laubscher, Institute for Environmental Biotechnology, Grahamstown, South Africa

*A constructed wetland system for flood resilient sanitation: John Allen, Wetlands Work, Royal University of Agriculture, Dongkor District, Cambodia

16.00 – 18.00 Pathogen reduction through lime and ammonia – Session 4

*Inactivation of ascaris eggs and salmonella spp. by ammonia sanitization of blackwater: Annika Nordin, Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden

*Exploring lime (Ca(OH)2) treatment of sludge: Household and agricultural trials: Irina Chakraborty, iDE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

*Lactic acid fermentation, urea and lime: Promising FS sanitizing methods for emergency situations: Grover Hector Mamani Casilla, WASTE/UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands

*Decomposition of faecal materials and pathogens die-off in single pit latrines – The laboratory results: Viet-Anh Nguyen, Institute of Environmental and Science Engineering (IESE), Hanoi University of Civil Engineering, Hanoi, Vietnam

*Lime Stabilisation for Septage: David Robbins, Oxfam


Room 2

10.30 – 12.45 FSM Community Demand/Engagement/Management – Session 1

*User’s needs and factors affecting FS emptying services of DEWATs: Supusanee Dulyakasem, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Pathumthani, Thailand

*Impacts of a container-based, household toilet and waste collection service intervention in Cap Haitien, Haiti: Kory Russell, Stanford University, Palo Alto, Cal, USA

*Perception and preference analysis for improved decentralized sanitation services: Susmita Sinha, The Consortium for DEWATS Dissemination (CDD) Society, Bangalore, India

*Socio-Cultural barriers in the way of sustainable FSM in Pakistan: Muhammad Wasif Bashir Babar, Comsats University, Abbottabad, Pakistan

*Barriers to follow Sanitation Safety Plan in the Low Income Community in Bangladesh: Nazmun Naher, Gender and Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Sanitizing on-site urban sanitation solutions through the ‘technicalization’ of FSM: Margaret Morales, Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability, University of British Columbia, Durham, Canada

*Septage promotion animation: A social media approach to FSM advocacy in Jakarta: Budi Darmawan, Water and Sanitation Program, East Asia & The Pacific, World Bank, Jakarta, Indonesia

13.45 – 14.30 Maximizing resource recovery – Lightning Panel Poster Session

*An In-Demand Reuse Option for Human Waste: Feces Briquettes: Emily Woods, Sanivation, Naivasha, Kenya

*Status of urban sanitation in the capital of Ethiopia and the urgency of adopting an Integrated FSM: Abebe Beyene, Department of Environmental Health Science & Technology, Jimma, Ethiopia

*Experiments on Struvite Precipitation, Application and Economic Analysis in Arba Minch, Ethiopia: Teshale Dalecha Fontosse, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia

*Near Surface lateral Movement of Contaminants from on-site Sanitation in the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands, South Africa: Simon Lorentz, Centre for Water Resources Research, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

*Farm based ammonia sanitisation of faecal sludge: Annika Nordin, Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden

*Does depth and sanitation type affect the quality of FS in the tropics? The case of Yaounde, Cameroon: Wilfried Arsène Letah Nzouebet, University of Yaounde I, Faculty of Science, Department of Plant Biology, Wastewater Research Unit (WRU), Yaounde, Cameroon

*Comparing ion exchange and electrochemical nitrogen recovery from source-separated urine: William Tarpeh, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, USA

14.30 – 15.30 Odour issues in FSM – A panel discussion on the challenges of mitigating odour nuisances, owing to

*Introduction: Marc Deshusses, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

*Assessing public perception of odours in a community; case of Ayigya Zongo, an urban poor community in Ghana: Kobina Mensah Afful, Faculty of Civil and Geomatic Engineering, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

*Odour perception and odour analysis of latrines in Africa and India: Charles Chappuis, Christian Starkenmann, Analytical Innovation, Corporate R&D Division, Firmenich, Geneva, Switzerland

16.00 – 18.00 FSM – Treatment technologies – Session 3

*Testing Decentralised Treatment Solutions for Portable Home Toilet Waste in Kumasi, Ghana: Alison Parker, Cranfield Water Science Institute, Cranfield University, Cranfield, United Kingdom

*Testing a low- cost decentralised FS treatment system: Osbert Atwijukye, Water for People-SaniHub, Kampala, Uganda

*Treatment of fecal sludge by co-composting with organic waste and local bio-additives: Viet-Anh Nguyen, IESE, LIXIL, Hanoi, Vietnam

*Reuse of faecal sludge as organic fertiliser in context of Bangladesh : BRAC WASH Initiative: Digbijoy Dey, BRAC WASH Programme, Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Towards a Sustainable Pit Latrine Management strategy Through LaDePa technology: Dave Wilson and John Harrison, Department of Water and sanitation, the eThekwini Municipality, Durban, South Africa

*Case study in Yaounde: Potential for struvite precipitation and nutrient recovery from FS leachate?: Nkeze Nyochembeng, WRU, Department of Plant Biology, University of Yaounde, Cameroon



Room 3

10.30 – 12.45 Treatment 1: Drying beds and wetlands, the West African Experience – Session 1

*Wastewater and FSM – From technology to action: Case studies of Cameroon, Senegal, Ghana and Ivory Coast: Marie-Madeleine Ngoutane Pare, University of Yaounde/SCSR/BMGF, Douala, Cameroon

*Combining drying beds and vertical-flow constructed wetlands for FS dewatering and leachate polishing in Cameroon: Ebenezer Soh Kenghe, University of Bamenda, Yaounde, Cameroon

*Impact of sludge characteristics on planted drying bed performance: El Hadji Mamadou Sonko, Eawag/Sandec, Duebendorf, Switzerland

*From waste to resource: FS to fuel and forage in Dakar, Senegal: Seydou Niang, Laboratory of Wastewater and Faecal Sludge Treatment and Valorization, IFAN, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal

*Co-composting of Macrophytes (Echinochloapyramidalis (lam.) Hitchc. & Chase) and sludge from a constructed wetland treating domestic wastewater in Cameroon: Guy Valerie Djumyom Wafo, Wastewater Research Unit, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon

*Application of high organic loading rate in sludge treatment wetlands as an option for developing countries with tropical and sub-tropical climate: Maria Elisa Magri, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil

13.45 – 14.30 Innovation in FS treatment – Lightning Panel Poster Session

*Technologies toward zero emission community: urine separating toilet and co-digestion of feces with food waste: Mooyoung Han, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of South Korea

*A new method for sensitive detection of Cryptosporidium RNA by surfactant extraction treatment and one-step RT-PCR: Takahiro Sekikawa, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan

*Omni Processor for Fecal Waste Sanitation for the urban poor using supercritical water oxidation (SCWO): Marc A. Deshusses, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Duke University, Durham, Durham, NC, USA

*Presenting the Sanergy Solution at FSM3: Laura Kimani, Sanergy, Kilimani, Nairobi, Kenya

*Rheology, extrusion and pelletisation of FS: L. Teba, Santiago Septien Stringel, Pollution Research Group, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

*Occurrence of on-site sanitation technologies in poor urban communities: A case of the biofil toilet technology: Peter Owuzu-Antwi, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

14.30 – 15.30 Treatment 2: Drying beds and wetlands – Session 2

*Nitrogen transformation in difference layers of vertical flow contracted wetland (VFCW) treating FS: Atitaya Panuvatvanich, Environmental Engineering and Management, School of Environmental, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Pathumthani, Thailand

*Sludge treatment wetland as post-treatment of toilet-linked biogas plant: A cost-effective & technically feasible solution in tropical countries (guidelines and recommendations): Grover Hector Mamani Casilla, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, The Netherlands

*FS treatment: Reducing footprint with conditioning: Moritz Gold, Eawag/Sandec, Duebendorf, Switzerland

16.00 – 18.00 Treatment 3: Anaerobic – Session 3

*Implementation and process analysis of pilot scale multi-phase anaerobic fermentation and digestion of FS in Ghana: Justin Shih, Earth and Environmental and Engineering, Columbia University, New York City, USA

*Lessons learned from the dissemination of biodigesters for sanitation in Haiti, from 2010 to 2013: Anthony Benedict Kilbride, Sustainable Sanitation Consultant, Port-au-Prince, Haiti

*Co-fermentation of FS with organic waste for energy production in Nashik, India: Closing the materials loop: Jitendra M. Yadav, Sustainable Urban Habitat, Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), New Delhi, India

*Assessing the bio-methane potential (BMP) and concomitant pathogen removal of UDDT faeces with(out) additional organic substrates: Joy Riungu, Tineke Hooijmans (TBC), Environmental Engineering and Water Technology Department, UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education

*Anaerobic digestion pasteurization latrine: Sanitation in multiple contexts: Marc Deshusses, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

*Synthetic Surrogate for the Optimization of Anaerobic Digestion of Faecal Sludge: Magalie Bassan, Eawag, Dübendorf, Switzerland

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Wednesday 21 January 2015 (Day 3)


Room 1


09.00 – 15.30 Podium Presentations: Focus on Vietnam Sessions (Simultaneous translation Vietnamese – English)

09.00 – 10.15 FSM – Focus on Vietnam – Session 1

*Opening Remark: Nguyen Hong Tien, MOC/ATI, Vietnam

*FSM in Hanoi city, lessons learnt: Pham Ngoc Hai, Chairman, Hanoi URENCO

*FSM in Hai Phong city, lessons learnt: Nguyen Minh Tuan, Chairman - General Director, Hai Phong SDC

*ADB Wastewater Management Program in Viet Nam: Hubert Jenny, Principal Urban Development Specialist, ADB Vietnam

*Sludge management in Dong Nai Industrial Parks, challenges and solutions: Representative of Management Board of Industrial Parks in Dong Nai province, Vietnam

10.45 – 12.00 FSM – Focus on Vietnam – Session 2

*Suggestions for Faecal Sludge Strategies in Vietnam: Magalie Bassan, Linda Strande, SANDEC, Switzerland & Nguyen Viet-Anh, IESE, HUCE, Vietnam

*FSM in Ho Chi Minh city, lessons learnt: Representative of HCMC CITENCO

*Sludge treatment and reuse as fertilizer in Da Lat Flower City: Nguyen Huu Khai, Lam Dong WSSC

*Influential factors on septage composition: a case study in Hanoi: Hidenori Harada, Kyoto University, Japan

*Economic – Technical Norms for collection, transportation and treatment of sludge: Nguyen Anh Khoa, Institute of Construction Economics, MOC

13.30 – 15.00 FSM – Focus on Vietnam – Findings from research projects in Vietnam – Session 3

*Improving decomposition and reducing fill-up in traditional pit-latrines: Jeroen Ensink, BMGF, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

*A Solution for Improvement of Faecal Sludge Composting Process: Do Hong Anh, Viet-Anh Nguyen, IESE

*Establishment of econo-technical criteria for urban sewerage sludge management: Tran Duc Ha, IESE, HUCE

*Study on dynamics of solar drying of sludge in greenhouse: Nghiem Van Khanh, Hanoi Architecture University, Vietnam

*Economic – Technical criteria for management of slugde from urban sewerage and drainage system: Tran Duc Ha, IESE, HUCE

15.00 – 15.30 FSM – Focus on Vietnam – Session 4

Moderators from FSM3 program to present the key messages, outcomes of survey and ideas from collective knowledge


Room 2

08.30 – 15.30 Podium Presentations

08.30 – 10.30 FSM – Treatment processes for resource recovery – Session 1

*Recovery and utilization of volatile fatty acids from FS for in-situ pathogen reduction and biodiesel production through microbial lipid synthesis: Kartik Chandran, Earth and Environmental Engineering, Columbia University, New York City, USA

*Step feed anaerobic fermentation- A novel alternate for FS processing: Ato Fanyin-Martin, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Cape Town, South Africa

*Drying characteristics, thermal properties and inorganic nutrient analysis in FS: Santiago Septien Stringel, Pollution Research Group, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

*What happens when you dispose of sewage and faecal sludges by burial in the ground?: David Still, PID, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

*Benefits associated with local use of faecal compost from an innovative UDDT: Sally Brown, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

11.00 – 12.00 FSM – Nutrient Recovery – Session 2

*Modification of drying beds for ammonium recovery post anaerobic digestion in Lusaka, Zambia: Christopher Rose, School of Applied Sciences, Cranfield University, Bedford, United Kingdom

*Effect of irrigation with anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) effluent on swiss chard biomass, nutrient uptake and leaching: William Masazura, Crop Science Discipline, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville, South Africa

13.30 – 15.30 FSM – Energy Recovery – Session 3

*FS to energy – Integrated FSM in Tiokwe local municipality, South Africa: Senta Berner, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa

*An in-demand reuse option for human waste: Faeces Briquettes: Emily Woods, Sanivation, Naivasha, Kenya

*Converting FS to fuel: A new management solution?: Seydou Niang, Dakar, Senegal


Room 3

08.30 – 10.30 FSM – what can be done on site? – Session 1

*The NoWaste Toilet – Function and nutrient recovery: Jenna Senecal and Bjorn Vinneras, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden

*Latrine Design: Go in Peace: Steven Sugden, Water for People, Denver, Co, USA

*To Seal or not to Seal: Simplifying Bangladesh’s latrine pit debate through the FilTo Innovation: Jess MacArthur, iDE, Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Minimum-flushing toilet and human waste processor: Jing Ning, Beijing Sunnybreeze Technologies Inc, part of project Grand Challenges Explorations, phase I and II by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Beijing, China

*Faecal Sludge Management in the Informal settlement of Urban Tanzania with a case of UMAWA group of Dar es salaam: Hezron Magambo, Centre for Community Initiatives (CCI), Tanzania

11.00 – 12.00 FSM – what can be done on site? – Session 2

*Technology for pit desludging in peri urban Mzuzu, Malawi: Willy Chipeta, Rochelle Holm, Department of Water Resources Management and Development, Mzuzu University, Mzuzu, Malawi

*Improvement of FS dewatering and drying by incorporation of a breathable membrane latrine liner: Shray Saxena, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Delaware, DE, USA

*Laboratory investigations into solids solubilisation of black water and faecal matter: Effect of additives and internal physical chemical pit latrine aspects: Katja Grolle, Department of Environmental Technology and Research, University of Wageningen, Wageningen, The Netherlands

*A household sanitation process based on integrated diversion/dewatering, drying/smoldering of solid waste, and pasteurization of liquid waste: Yu Ling Cheng, Centre for Global Engineering and Department of Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

13.30 – 14.30 FSM as a Service – Session 3

*Scaling up septage management in the Philippines Typhoon Hayian Recovery Zone through a revolving fund finance mechanism: Dave Robbins, Oxfam, Oxford, United Kingdom

*Economic model of the costs of emptying on-site sanitation facilities: from emptying to resource recovery or disposal: Ruth S. Cottingham, AECOM, Durban, South Africa

*The evolution of sanitation services to the previously unserved by eThekwini Water and Sanitation Unit (South Africa): Chris Buckley, Pollution Research Group, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College Campus, Durban, South Africa

*Septage Management for Local Bodies in Tamil Nadu: Phanindra Reddy Kanamarle, Principal Secretary to Government, Tamil Hindu, India

14.30 – 15.30 FSM technology around solar – Session 4

*Development and field-testing of an onsite, self-contained and sun-powered human and toilet wastewater treatment system: Michael Hoffmann, Linde-Robinson Laboratories, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Cal, USA

*UbuntuSAN: A micro-entrepreneurship model for point-of-use dry sanitation and sludge beneficiation using concentrated solar power: Wade Edwards, Atl-Hydro, Department of Chemical Engineering, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa

*Applications of concentrated solar-energy in innovative sanitation solutions: Karl Linden, Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Co, USA


Plenary (in Thang Long Ballroom, 7th Floor)

Invited speakers and (selected) participants (Simultaneous translation Vietnamese – English, English – Vietnamese)

16.00 – 16.20 Keynote

*Solutions, Ideas, Tools and Innovation from FSM3: Brian Arbogast, Director, Sanitation and Hygiene Program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), Seattle, USA

16.20 – 17.20 Panel Discussion – How to move forward with ‘Replicable FS solutions at scale’

Bibliographic information

Various authors (2015). 3rd International Faecal Sludge Management Conference 2015 - Hanoi, Vietnam. FSM3, Hanoi, Vietnam

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Asia & Pacific English Faecal sludge treatment processes Peri-urban Presentations Urban informal settlements (slums)

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