Africa Chapter

Welcome to the SuSanA Africa Chapter

Many WASH sector challenges are common across the continent, but the (knowledge around) solutions to them often remain localized. Despite the uptake of sector knowledge tools, there are challenges in adaptation and replication.

This chapter aims to enhance knowledge sharing and reusing from the continent to strengthen African WASH CSOs, enhancing their value and their relevance in the sector, and ultimately providing a better link and improved coordination between African WASH actors overall.

We are happy to join forces with the African Civil Society Network on Water and Sanitation (ANEW) to set-up and further develop the SuSanA Africa Chapter and a big thank you to the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) for the financial support.

All SuSanA partner organisations and members are warmly invited to define contributions for the SuSanA Africa Chapter and contact the Chapter Coordinator if they are interested to participate.

Disclaimer: Both English and French knowledge resources will be shared within the chapter.

Latest Events

26 Apr. 2021 - 09 Dec. 2021 • Online

Hygiene Behaviour Change for Life

Themed: A practical way to ensure providing water does make a difference - Join the 2021 Africa AHEAD Webinar Series! Community Health Clubs have for the last 25 years consistently demonstrated that Health Club members store and use their drinking water properly, have better kitchen hygiene and have safer personal hygiene and sanitation.

read more …


Forum Discussions


SuSanA (2019)
SuSanA Flyer - General overview of SuSanA on one page (in Arabic, English, French and Spanish)

This flyer gives a general overview of SuSanA, its objectives, working group topics, roles, discussion forum and funding. It needs to be printed on paper that is slightly larger than A4 so that it can be a folder in …

Klinger, M.; Gueye, A.; Manandhar Sherpa A.; Strande, L. (2019)
Scoping Study: Faecal Sludge Treatment Plants in South-Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

Worldwide over the last years, a shift has taken place in the acceptance of faecal sludge management (FSM). It is now considered by many to be a viable solution alongside sewer-based systems in achieving citywide …

African Water Association (2020)
The 20th African Water Association International Congress and Exhibition presentations

Please browse the AfWA ICE 2020 presentations repository. The repository is made up of the six tracks that the Congress comprised of. Under each track, there are the different days of the Congress i.e 24th, 25th , 26th …

WoMena (2020)
Menstrual Cup Intervention in Adjumani District Uganda - Final Implementation Report

In Uganda approximately 86% of South Sudanese refugee arrivals are women and children (UNHCR, 2017a). Globally, girls and women often lack the ability to manage their menstruation with dignity due to lack of adequate …

Mchenga, J., Holm, R. H. (2019)
Can a precast pit latrine concrete floor withstand emptying operations? An investigation from Malawi

For fecal sludge from households in low- and middle-income countries to be treated offsite it needs to be removed, which can be greatly affected by the pit latrine floor design. However, it is unclear whether precast …

Lazaro, J., Kapute, F., Holm, R. H. (2019)
Food safety policies and practices in public spaces: The urban water, sanitation, and hygiene environment for fresh fish sold from individual vendors in Mzuzu, Malawi

In sub‐Saharan Africa, informal markets account for more than 80% of the total food selling. Fish is a major protein source for households in Malawi and is commonly purchased from individual vendors. The aim of this …

WoMena & WoMena Uganda (2020)
Beyond Distribution: A Feasibility Study of Introducing a Menstrual Health Component into Four Secondary Schools in Buikwe Districkt, Uganda (Phase 1)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), menstrual health is often considered a taboo and many girls and women lack access to safe and appropriate menstrual health management (MHM) products. This can have …

Simwambi, A., Roig Senge, L., Kapembwa, A. (2020)
Three-cities OSS & FSM knowledge exchange – Lusaka, Kampala and Dar Es Salaam (Case study)

The Three Cities On-Site Sanitation (OSS) and Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) Knowledge Exchange (KEx) Case study provides detailed highlights of the capacity development initiative that was undertaken in three …

GIZ (2020)
Webinar - Solid Problem, real solutions? How to handle non-organic waste in pit latrines (Presentations & Recordings) (in English and French)

This webinar brought together two GIZ programmes working on access to safe sanitation along the entire sanitation service chain: Scaling up of Drinking Water and Sanitation Supply in Burkina Faso and Sanitation for …

Okello E., Kapiga, S., Grosskurth, H., Makata, K., Mcharo, O., Kinungh'i, S., Dreibelbis, R. (2019)
Factors perceived to facilitate or hinder handwashing among primary students: a qualitative assessment of the Mikono Safi intervention schools in NW Tanzania

The study used qualitative methods to assess the effects of a multi-modal school-based water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) intervention on handwashing behaviour among primary students in North Western (NW) Tanzania. …

WaterAid, ILO, World Bank, WHO (2019)
The hidden world of sanitation workers - Media briefing (in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish)

Every year, the human race produces over 350 million tonnes of poo – that’s enough to fill 140,000 Olympic swimming pools! Unless that human waste is properly dealt with, every single gram will pose a significant …

Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health, WHO, NALA Foundation, Sightsavers (2019)
Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) in Ethiopia - WOREDA level coordination toolkit for the WASH and NTD sectors

Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) affect more than ten percent of the world’s population, primarily among the poorest populations. In Ethiopia, more than 75 million people are at risk of infection of at least one …

Various authors (2019)
FSM5 - 5th International Faecal Sludge Management

Presentations (download from conference website, see external link below, or go to: Conference convenors: Bill & Melinda Gates …

Henson, B. (2019)
Urban WASH in Small Towns: The 'ONEWASH Plus' Programme in Ethiopia

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) for urban populations is one of UNICEF’s emerging areas of focus highlighted in its Global WASH Strategy (2016–2030). In east and southern Africa, a number of WASH programmes …

Akinsete, A., Bhagwan, J., Hicks, C., Knezovich, A., Naidoo, D., Naidoo, V., Pillay,S. (2019)
The Sanitation Economy Opportunity for South Africa

The Water Research Commission and the Toilet Board Coalition have come together to identify the business opportunities in the Sanitation Economy specific to Africa. Our sanitation challenge in South Africa is a …

Peletz, R., Kisiangani, J., Ronoh, P., Cock-Esteb, A., Chase, C., Khush, R., and Luoto, J. (2019)
Assessing the Demand for Plastic Latrine Slabs in Rural Kenya

Improving access to safe and affordable sanitation facilities is a global health priority that is essential for meeting the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals. To promote the use of improved sanitation in …

The Aquaya Institute (2019)
Sanitation Policies, Practices, and Preferences in Kumasi, Ghana

The Aquaya Institute is conducting this research on urban sanitation economics under the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative. This brief is on sanitation policies, practices, and preferences in the city of Kumasi, …

The Aquaya Institute (2019)
Sanitation Policies, Practices, and Preferences in Kisumu, Kenya

The Aquaya Institute is conducting this research on urban sanitation economics under the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative. This brief is on sanitation policies, practices, and preferences in the city of Kisumu, …

SNV (2019)
Identifying the last 10% of households practising open defecation in rural Tanzania

Since 2017, SNV and the Government of Tanzania have been implementing the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) programme in eight Tanzanian districts. To date, the number of households that use toilets has …

GIZ (2019)
Making Children Fit For School

The F4S approach uses the school setting to support the institutionalization of health-promoting behaviour of children. This includes washing hands with soap, brushing teeth with fluoride toothpaste, daily cleaning of …

UNICEF (2018)
WASH in Schools Empowers Girls´ Education

Action to improve menstrual hygiene management (MHM) for schoolgirls in low- and middleincome countries continues to gather momentum around the world. The annual virtual conference on MHM in schools shared recent …

Various Authors (2015)
The Ngor Declaration on Sanitation and Hygiene

At the 4thAfrican Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene (AfricaSan), convened by the Government of Senegal with support from the African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW) in Dakar, Senegal, May 25-27, 2015, the …

Gabert, J., (2016)
How to make urban and sanitation planning work?

In preparation for the 2015 BORDA Symposium, BORDA had asked GRET to address the following questions: - What are the main challenges to make sanitation programmes at the municipal level successful? - What …

Simiyu, S. (2016)
Determinants of usage of communal sanitation facilities in informal settlements of Kisumu, Kenya

Residents of informal settlements in developing countries are faced with various challenges, including a lack of household sanitation facilities, which leads to use of alternative methods such as open defecation. The …

Edmond, J. et al. (2013)
Freshwater conservation and water, sanitation and hygiene integration guidelines: A framework for implementation in sub-Saharan Africa

Recognizing the need to better link freshwater conservation and WASH initiatives, the US Agency for International Development Bureau for Africa-supported Africa Biodiversity Collaborative Group (ABCG) and its member …

Various authors (2016)
Equipment and health and safety modifications required for developing the capacity to support grantees field-testing in Durban, SA

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Chris Buckley is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Further information is also available on the SuSanA discussion …

Various authors (2015)
Municipal-supported unsewered sanitation improvements for the urban-poor

This library entry contains background documents for work that the African Water Facility is carrying out and which is co-funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Further information is also available on the …

Chapter Coordinators

Sareen Malik
Regional Chapter Coordinator

African Civil Society Network on Water and Sanitation (ANEW)
Nairobi • Kenya


Sareen leads ANEW, the umbrella organisation of water and sanitation NGOs in Africa. She currently holds the position of Vice Chair on the SWA Steering Committee. With over 15 years experience in the field of water …

Keitumetse Tsubane
Regional Chapter Co-Coordinator

Butha-Buthe • Lesotho


Independent consultant with interest in research, WASH knowledge management and aquatic ecotoxicology. I am an enthusiast about youth engagement and empowerment in the WASH sector.

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Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

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  • 07-12-2021 13:00SuSanA:
    💡Do you want to make Human Rights mechanisms work for WASH? Learn how to influence human rights monitoring processe… »
  • 07-12-2021 10:59SuSanA:
    RT @wateraid: There are many laws that commit governments to respect, protect and fulfil the human rights to safe water and sanitation.… »
  • 06-12-2021 15:11SuSanA:
    Gender-based violence also affects access to one of the most basic human needs: safe and hygienic water and sanitat… »
  • 03-12-2021 13:00SuSanA:
    🎉It's #ForumFriday!🎉 What's your thought on “how to make sanitation workers more visible”? 👉Read, explore and sha… »
  • 03-12-2021 11:12Amalooloo:
    Safe sanitation & hygiene are critical when it comes to health & well-being. It seems like a simple solution to glo… »
  • 03-12-2021 09:27SuSanA:
    RT @HealthyDEvs: 💩🩺Tracking poo for public health. ⛑How Shit Flow Diagrams help close gaps in urban sanitation #healthycities #fsm #onsites»

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31st SuSanA Meeting

The 31st SuSanA meeting - the second time online - will take place from August 16th to August 20th 2021. It is organised by the SuSana Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups and Regional Chapters. 

Click here to get to the Meeting Page!

SuSanA meetings





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

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The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

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SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

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Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

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