Sanitation Library

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Toilet Board Coalition (2014)

The Sanitation Economy in India: Market Estimates & Insights

The TBC is enabling private sector engagement; connecting large and small companies; and ensuring close collaboration between private, public and non-profit sectors with the common goal to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6), universal access to sanitation.

- To develop a baseline understanding of the potential of new markets derived from the Sanitation Economy as well …

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Toilet Board Coalition (2017)

The circular sanitation economy: New Pathways to Commercial and Societal Benefits
Faster at Scale

The TBC is enabling private sector engagement; connecting large and small companies; and ensuring close collaboration between private, public and non-profit sectors with the common goal to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6), universal access to sanitation.

To demonstrate the commercial viability of the Circular Sanitation Economy, by backcasting from the future, to …

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Growing Healthy
Things that girls need to know (MHM Booklet)

This booklet raises awareness among adolescent girls about Menstrual Hygiene Management and answer several FAQs on menstruation.

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Jacob, N. (2017)

WASH in Schools - What's next after 100% coverage? - A Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis hosted by the SuSanA India Chapter and India Sanitation Coalition

From 4 – 23 September 2017, the India Santation Coalition under the umbrella of the SuSanA India Chapter organised a thematic online discussion about WASH in Schools in India.

The discussion examined how to improve WinS to a level where boys and girls have separate and adequate toilets, hand-washing facilities, hygiene is addressed in schools, and adolescent girls have usable …

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World Health Organization (2017)

Climate-resilient water safety plans
Managing health risks associated with climate variability and change

Medium- and long-term planning for an adequate and safe supply of drinking-water should be set in the context of growing external uncertainties arising from changes in the climate and environment. The water safety plan (WSP) process offers a systematic framework to manage these risks by considering the implications of climate variability and change.

This document provides guidance on how …

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Ghanem, N., Sabbagh,K., Halabi,S., Riachi, R., Hussieni,A., Bchara, H., Chackra, M.A. (2017)

Feasibility Assessment for Water Service Provision to Informal Tented Settlements (ITS) in Lebanon
A case study of North Bekaa

Syrian refugees living in informal tented settlements (ITS) are in an especially difficult position, being at the
back of the proverbial queue for public water and other unregulated water sources. To alleviate the problem
of water sourcing for refugees, humanitarian aid agencies have been delivering water by trucks. While this
has ensured Syrians have adequate and, importantly, …

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Urban Management Centre (UMC) (2017)

The ABC of WASH in Schools in India

"The ABC of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) improvement in schools” in India by the the Urban Management Centre is a handbook developed under the Ahmedabad Sanitation Action Lab (ASAL), a three year action research program.

The program was specially designed to implement innovative solutions to school WASH problems in identified slum settlements of Ahmedabad. ASAL was led by the Urban …

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TERI University (2017)

State of Urban Water and Sanitation in India

The report aims to be a comprehensive collection and analysis of past and current policies and programmes and provides insights into the reasons for several gaps that become apparent when the sector is viewed holistically. The extensive review of international, national, and state-level reports draws upon a rich collection of secondary literature.

A series of stakeholders’ consultation …

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State Level Sanitation Committee (SLSC), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) (2016)

Sanitation strategies of Telangana, Kerala and Andhra Pradesch

Sanitation as per National Urban Sanitation Policy (2008) is defined as safe management of human excreta, including its safe confinement treatment, disposal and associated hygiene-related practices.

The Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17) of the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Kerala target to reduce the gap between the demand and supply of urban infrastructure services by increasing …

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Dauenhauer, K., Büürma, M., Schlenk, J., Sommer, M., Mahon, T. (2017)

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools: A neglected issue - A Thematic Discussion Series hosted by GIZ and SuSanA

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) refers to the way in which women and girls deal with their menstruation. Girls usually menstruate for the first time between the age of 10 and 15. Learning about menstruation is thus vital for secondary school students, but it is not too early to raise awareness in elementary school. Given the number of people affected by MHM in some way or another, it is …

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Eawag-Sandec, GIZ, Gret, pS-Eau, SuSanA, WaterAid, World Bank (2017)

Safely managed sanitation in small towns

During the 2017 Stockholm World Water Week, SuSanA co-convened the event “Safely managed sanitation in small towns”.

As a UN Habitat report highlighted, “between 20 to 50% of the population in most low and middle income countries live in small urban centres or large villages with small urban centres characteristics”. Small towns are often too small to have conventional sanitation …

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GTO (2017)

WASH ePaper - Issue No. 7
Market Based Programming in Humanitarian WASH

The WASH ePaper is an online magazine published at regular intervals in several languages. Each issue takes a closer look at a current key issue in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector and related areas. It also provides updates on forthcoming national and international events, news, current publications and projects from the sector. The WASH ePaper is published by the German Toilet …

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Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) (2017)

BMZ Water Strategy
A key contribution to implementing the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement

Water and sanitation are key to implementing Agenda 2030 and the Paris climate agreement. The new water strategy of the Fed-eral Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) accounts for the importance of water in these global agreements. In the strategy, BMZ commits to contributing to creating a new dynamic in the sector necessary to reach SDG 6 and other water-related targets. …

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Blackett, I. (2017)

SFD: The Indonesian Case

An excreta flow diagram (also often described as a shit flow diagram or SFD) is a tool to readily understand and visually communicate how excreta flows through a city or town. Based on the contributing population it shows how excreta is or is not contained as it moves from defecation to treatment then disposal or end-use, and whether the flows are safe or unsafely contained.
This video shows how …

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Ohler, S. (2017)

SuSanA 10th Anniversary Report

On the 17th of January 2017, the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) celebrated its 10th anniversary at the GIZ headquarters in Eschborn, Germany. The celebration took place under the theme "10 years SuSanA: How the changed sanitation paradigm contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals".
During the event, SuSanA’s achievements, milestones, and impact in the sanitation sector were …

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SuSanA (2017)

SuSanA Joint Roadmap 2015 to 2018 – Towards More Sustainable Sanitation Systems
Version 1.3

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) joint roadmap 2015 to 2018 was drafted to organise the platform to respond more effectively to the challenges of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the Post-2015 Development Agenda.

The SuSanA strategy process was initiated following a plenary meeting at the Stockholm World Water Week 2012. On initiative of the secretariat, a core group and …

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Jha, P. K. (2017)

Toilet linked biogas slurry applied to crops
Report on physicochemical and microbiological analyses of slurry from toilet linked biogas plants

Toilet linked biogas plants have been implemented at some scale in different villages in some districts of Gujarat by WASTE, Netherlands and FINISH Society, India. In an earlier study, the performance of such toilet linked biogas plants was compared to non- toilet linked biogas plants. The economic benefits of application of toilet linked biogas plant slurry on agricultural lands for different …

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Jha, P. K. (2014)

Bio-gas yields from Toilet Linked Biogas Plants in Nausari / Valsad District, Gujarat, India

Biogas from cow dung with or without toilet linkage is in practice for over 3 decades in India. It
is supported by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India and State
Governments. However, the toilet linked biogas plant programme could not get required momentum, even
though it has several advantages.
To overcome the problem, the additional economic importance / advantages of …

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Dubois, A. (2017)

Up-scaling Basic Sanitation for the Urban Poor (UBSUP) in Kenya

This case study describes the Upscaling Basic Sanitation for the Urban Poor (UBSUP) programme, which is a country-wide up-scaling intervention aimed at providing access to basic household sanitation in urban low income areas of Kenya. UBSUP is anchored at the Water Sector Trust Fund with technical support from GIZ and funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the German Government …

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SuSanA (2017)

Sustainable sanitation and the SDGs: interlinkages and opportunities

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development puts sustainability at the forefront of global development. Since 2008, the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) has been engaged in advocating for sustainability issues in sanitation. This background document describes how sustainable sanitation links to all SDGs and outlines challenges and opportunities this represents. It complements the revised …

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WASTE Netherlands, IFS (2017)

Beyond development aid: Sanitation financing & revenue models in reuse (human) waste
Conference Proceedings

The Institute for Fiscal Studies, in collaboration with WASTE, organized the conference “Beyond Development Aid: Sanitation Financing & Revenue Models in Reuse (human) Waste” in The Hague, Netherlands, the 15th of May 2017.
This conference brought together from different parts of the world; academics, practicioners and policymakers with the aim to generate knowledge regarding sanitation …

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Durrans, S., Jones, D., Pando, N.U., Wilson-Jones, M. (2017)

The recipe for success
How policy-makers can integrate water, sanitation and hygiene into actions to end malnutrition

In this report the authors analyse the approaches governments and donors are taking to cross-integrate nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) within their nutrition and WASH national policies and plans. The report aims to provide a ‘recipe’, or toolkit, to stimulate debate and discussion of the options and opportunities to bring together WASH and nutrition policies and programmes.

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Hussein Abdul Razzaq al-Jazairi (1990)

Waste Stabilization Ponds

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Sanitation events

SuSanA newsmail

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA news mail is sent out around four times per year and contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

SuSanA partners are welcome to send us news items for inclusion in the SuSanA news mails.

Archived news »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

  • 22-11-2017 14:53SuSanA:
    Water Sector Trust Fund (WSTF) to improve access to household sanitation through a programme called UBSUP. Watch th? »
  • 22-11-2017 14:32Nikhil D. Patil, MPH:
    RT @Emily_PE: Small sample, but EcoSan fans will find it interesting: 6 French families used composting toilets for 1.5 years. Found compos? »
  • 22-11-2017 12:45Bertha Darteh:
    RT @Emily_PE: Small sample, but EcoSan fans will find it interesting: 6 French families used composting toilets for 1.5 years. Found compos? »
  • 22-11-2017 10:06Emily Rand:
    Small sample, but EcoSan fans will find it interesting: 6 French families used composting toilets for 1.5 years. Fo? »
  • 21-11-2017 17:41yuyun ismawati:
    RT @PortlandPHLUSH: Happy World Toilet Day! @SOILHaiti @SEIresearch @susana_org @WECF_INT @Sandec_Eawag Hats off to you. Let?s find solutio? »
  • 21-11-2017 15:10SuSanA:
    Did you know that people living in different parts of the world have different poop? This is due to different diet? »

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

What's new? We have a Wikipedia Drive for World Toilet Day!

Wikipedia is one of the key global channels for disseminating information about sanitation – so SuSanA is now organizing a major upgrade of the relevant pages. Are you a creative writer, journalist, editor or sanitation expert? Join this important crowd-sourcing event ahead of World Toilet Day (19 November).

More information in press release by SEI »





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

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SuSanA partners

Learn more about current SuSanA partners, and sign up to become a partner organization (if your organization is eligible). This way you can show your support for SuSanA's vision and fully utilise the platform's functionalities. See FAQs for more details.

Apply to become a partner »

SuSanA meetings

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

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