Sanitation Library

Total results: 2349

Filter by region

world map Latin America and the Caribbean Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Asia and the Pacific Middle East and North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa North America

Filter by type of resource

Filter by treatment technology or system

Filter by setting or users

Filter by language

Filter by working group

Filter by audience

Filter by materials to be reused

Filter by recommendation

Filter by publisher



Hassib, Y. (2015)

Recommendations concerning the scaling-uppotential of BORDA-DEWATS wastewater treatment in the urban context of Kabul, Afghanistan

BORDA-DEWATS constitutes the treatment element of a sanitation concept that starts with the individual user interface, the toilet, and continues with a simplified sewer system that connects a neighbourhood of less than 10 households up to a few hundred households. The collected wastewater then enters the treatment stage. Solid matter sediments under anaerobic conditions and decomposes by …

read more & download …




Group Washing Facility - WASHaLOT 3.0

Handwashing with soap is the single most effective way to prevent infectious diseases. Regular handwashing, specifically after using the toilet and before eating should be part of a daily routine in everyone’s life. Schools, kindergardens, day care centers, hospitals, bus-stations, canteens are public places, where handwashing should be made possible for many people at the same time.

read more & download …



Niederberger, E., Ferron, S., O’Reilly, M. (2016)

Guide to Community Engagement in WaSH: A practitioners’ guide, based on lessons from Ebola

This guide is a compilation of best practices and key lessons learned through Oxfam’s experience of community engagement during the 2014–15 Ebola response in Sierra Leone and Liberia. It aims to inform public health practitioners and programme teams about the design and implementation of community-centred approaches.

read more & download …



Various authors (2017)

20th SanCoP meeting

The 20th SanCoP meeting's focus was on inclusion in relation to Menopause, Incontinence, LGBTI, Inclusion in emergencies, Menstrual Hygiene Management, Disabilities and Gender.

read more & download …



Post, V., Athreye, V. (2017)

Financing Sanitation Paper Series Nr.4

In the world of sanitation, cost is often mentioned as important though seldom scrutinized. Perhaps strange is one considers that cost is one of the main reported reasons for people not having a toilet. Reducing costs while maintaining quality is a key driver of WASTE’s sanitation programmes. Yet even in our own programmes it is notoriously difficult to compare costs of sanitation systems …

read more & download …



GIZ (2017)

Faecal Sludge Management in Kampala, Uganda
Project insights from GIZ Uganda

The sanitation situation in most of Kampala can be summarized as follows:
About 90% of it’s population relies on on-site sanitation facilities (pit latrines and septic tanks) whereas 50% of households share one sanitation facility, leading to unhygienic conditions.
More than 50% of pit-latrines are un-lined and filled with solid waste and only 20 – 25% of the toilets have ever been emptied …

read more & download …



Kimera, P. (2017)

Technology Applicability Framework - Assessment of the Feacal Sludge Transer Station in Kampala, Uganda

The Faecal Sludge Transfer Station (FSTS) design is an innovation of Water for People (WfP) supported by GIZ RUWASS under a cofunding arrangement with the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC). Under the Resource Recovery and Safe Reuse (RRR) Project Phase II, two mobile Faecal Sludge Transfer Stations have been piloted from April to June 2017 within informal urban settlements in Kampala.

The …

read more & download …



Dr. Uday Tekale, Dhanashree Gurav, Meena Narula, Adwait Joshi (2017)

SuSanA India Chapter Seminar in Pune, 19th November 2017
Presentations of Speakers & Minutes of Meeting

The SuSanA India Chapter seminar about the topic towards ODF+ Urban Maharashtra was held in Pune, India on 18 November 2017 during the event SANIVATION’17 around World Toilet Day.

The context of the seminar was that Maharashtra State Government has recently declared all cities to be open defecation free (ODF). The seminar encouraged discussions on what this declaration of being ODF means …

read more & download …



Toilet Board Coalition (2014)

The Sanitation Economy in India: Market Estimates & Insights

The TBC is enabling private sector engagement; connecting large and small companies; and ensuring close collaboration between private, public and non-profit sectors with the common goal to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6), universal access to sanitation.

- To develop a baseline understanding of the potential of new markets derived from the Sanitation Economy as well …

read more & download …



Toilet Board Coalition (2017)

The circular sanitation economy: New Pathways to Commercial and Societal Benefits
Faster at Scale

The TBC is enabling private sector engagement; connecting large and small companies; and ensuring close collaboration between private, public and non-profit sectors with the common goal to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6), universal access to sanitation.

To demonstrate the commercial viability of the Circular Sanitation Economy, by backcasting from the future, to …

read more & download …




Growing Healthy
Things that girls need to know (MHM Booklet)

This booklet raises awareness among adolescent girls about Menstrual Hygiene Management and answer several FAQs on menstruation.

read more & download …



Jacob, N. (2017)

WASH in Schools - What's next after 100% coverage? - A Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis hosted by the SuSanA India Chapter and India Sanitation Coalition

From 4 – 23 September 2017, the India Santation Coalition under the umbrella of the SuSanA India Chapter organised a thematic online discussion about WASH in Schools in India.

The discussion examined how to improve WinS to a level where boys and girls have separate and adequate toilets, hand-washing facilities, hygiene is addressed in schools, and adolescent girls have usable …

read more & download …



Misati, A. G., Ogendi, G., Peletz, R., Khush, R., Kumpel, E. (2017)

Can Sanitary Surveys Replace Water Quality Testing? Evidence from Kisii, Kenya.

Information about the quality of rural drinking water sources can be used to manage their
safety and mitigate risks to health. Sanitary surveys, which are observational checklists to assess
hazards present at water sources, are simpler to conduct than microbial tests. We assessed whether
sanitary survey results were associated with measured indicator bacteria levels in rural drinking
water …

read more & download …



Peletz, R., Cock-Esteb, A., Ysenburg, D., Haji, S., Khush, R., Dupas, P. (2017)

Supply and Demand for Improved Sanitation: Results from Randomized Pricing Experiments in Rural Tanzania.

Improving access to sanitation is a global public health priority. Sufficient consumer demand is required for sanitation coverage to expand through private provision. To measure consumer demand for hygienic latrine platform products in rural Tanzania, we conducted a randomized, voucher-based real-money sales trial with 1638 households with unimproved latrines. We also evaluated multiple supply …

read more & download …



World Health Organization (2017)

Climate-resilient water safety plans
Managing health risks associated with climate variability and change

Medium- and long-term planning for an adequate and safe supply of drinking-water should be set in the context of growing external uncertainties arising from changes in the climate and environment. The water safety plan (WSP) process offers a systematic framework to manage these risks by considering the implications of climate variability and change.

This document provides guidance on how …

read more & download …



Ghanem, N., Sabbagh,K., Halabi,S., Riachi, R., Hussieni,A., Bchara, H., Chackra, M.A. (2017)

Feasibility Assessment for Water Service Provision to Informal Tented Settlements (ITS) in Lebanon
A case study of North Bekaa

Syrian refugees living in informal tented settlements (ITS) are in an especially difficult position, being at the
back of the proverbial queue for public water and other unregulated water sources. To alleviate the problem
of water sourcing for refugees, humanitarian aid agencies have been delivering water by trucks. While this
has ensured Syrians have adequate and, importantly, …

read more & download …



Urban Management Centre (UMC) (2017)

The ABC of WASH in Schools in India

"The ABC of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) improvement in schools” in India by the the Urban Management Centre is a handbook developed under the Ahmedabad Sanitation Action Lab (ASAL), a three year action research program.

The program was specially designed to implement innovative solutions to school WASH problems in identified slum settlements of Ahmedabad. ASAL was led by the Urban …

read more & download …



TERI University (2017)

State of Urban Water and Sanitation in India

The report aims to be a comprehensive collection and analysis of past and current policies and programmes and provides insights into the reasons for several gaps that become apparent when the sector is viewed holistically. The extensive review of international, national, and state-level reports draws upon a rich collection of secondary literature.

A series of stakeholders’ consultation …

read more & download …



State Level Sanitation Committee (SLSC), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) (2016)

Sanitation strategies of Telangana, Kerala and Andhra Pradesch

Sanitation as per National Urban Sanitation Policy (2008) is defined as safe management of human excreta, including its safe confinement treatment, disposal and associated hygiene-related practices.

The Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17) of the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Kerala target to reduce the gap between the demand and supply of urban infrastructure services by increasing …

read more & download …



Dauenhauer, K., Büürma, M., Schlenk, J., Sommer, M., Mahon, T. (2017)

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools: A neglected issue - A Thematic Discussion Series hosted by GIZ and SuSanA

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) refers to the way in which women and girls deal with their menstruation. Girls usually menstruate for the first time between the age of 10 and 15. Learning about menstruation is thus vital for secondary school students, but it is not too early to raise awareness in elementary school. Given the number of people affected by MHM in some way or another, it is …

read more & download …



Eawag-Sandec, GIZ, Gret, pS-Eau, SuSanA, WaterAid, World Bank (2017)

Safely managed sanitation in small towns

During the 2017 Stockholm World Water Week, SuSanA co-convened the event “Safely managed sanitation in small towns”.

As a UN Habitat report highlighted, “between 20 to 50% of the population in most low and middle income countries live in small urban centres or large villages with small urban centres characteristics”. Small towns are often too small to have conventional sanitation …

read more & download …



GTO (2017)

WASH ePaper - Issue No. 7
Market Based Programming in Humanitarian WASH

The WASH ePaper is an online magazine published at regular intervals in several languages. Each issue takes a closer look at a current key issue in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector and related areas. It also provides updates on forthcoming national and international events, news, current publications and projects from the sector. The WASH ePaper is published by the German Toilet …

read more & download …



Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) (2017)

BMZ Water Strategy
A key contribution to implementing the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement

Water and sanitation are key to implementing Agenda 2030 and the Paris climate agreement. The new water strategy of the Fed-eral Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) accounts for the importance of water in these global agreements. In the strategy, BMZ commits to contributing to creating a new dynamic in the sector necessary to reach SDG 6 and other water-related targets. …

read more & download …



Water Sector Trust Fund (2017)

Water Sector Trust Fund Brochure
Why Partner with the Water Sector Trust Fund

Introduction of the Water Sector Trust Fund: description of their activities and achievements in terms of number of projects and beneficiaries.

read more & download …



Blackett, I. (2017)

SFD: The Indonesian Case

An excreta flow diagram (also often described as a shit flow diagram or SFD) is a tool to readily understand and visually communicate how excreta flows through a city or town. Based on the contributing population it shows how excreta is or is not contained as it moves from defecation to treatment then disposal or end-use, and whether the flows are safe or unsafely contained.
This video shows how …

read more & download …

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners currently 319 partners

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsmail

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA news mail is sent out around four times per year and contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

SuSanA partners are welcome to send us news items for inclusion in the SuSanA news mails.

Archived news »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

What's new? We have a Wikipedia Drive for World Toilet Day!

Wikipedia is one of the key global channels for disseminating information about sanitation – so SuSanA is now organizing a major upgrade of the relevant pages. Are you a creative writer, journalist, editor or sanitation expert? Join this important crowd-sourcing event ahead of World Toilet Day (19 November).

More information in press release by SEI »





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Learn more about current SuSanA partners, and sign up to become a partner organisation (if your organisation is eligible). This way you can show your support for SuSanA's vision and fully utilise the platform's functionalities. See FAQs for more details.

Apply to become a partner »

SuSanA meetings

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?