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SuSanA Themes - Gender

SuSanA Themes - Gender

SuSanA Themes - Gender


Our focus

Gender and WASH (Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene) are two important issues that are intricately connected. WASH is a fundamental human right, as access to clean water, sanitation facilities, and proper hygiene practices are essential for good health and well-being. However, access to WASH is not equal across all genders, with women and girls often facing greater challenges and barriers to accessing these basic needs.

The intersection of gender and WASH is complex and multifaceted. Gender norms and roles often determine who has control over water resources, who is responsible for sanitation and hygiene practices, and who has access to WASH facilities. For example, in many cultures, women and girls are responsible for fetching water, which can be time-consuming and physically demanding, often preventing them from attending school or engaging in other productive activities.

Gender-based violence is also a significant concern in the context of WASH, as lack of privacy and safety in sanitation facilities and water sources can put women and girls at risk. Furthermore, menstrual hygiene management is often neglected in WASH programs, which can have significant health consequences for girls and women. 

Menstrual health and hygiene (MHH) is an important aspect of the intersection between gender and WASH. Access to menstrual hygiene products and facilities that support safe and dignified menstrual management is a critical aspect of WASH that affects the health, education, and overall well-being of girls and women. Inadequate access to menstrual hygiene products and facilities can lead to poor menstrual hygiene practices, which can result in infections, skin irritation, and other health issues. In addition, the lack of safe and private facilities for menstrual management can result in girls and women missing school or work, leading to lost opportunities and increased vulnerability.

Addressing gender inequalities in WASH is crucial for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG 5, which focuses on gender equality and empowering all women and girls. It requires a comprehensive and intersectional approach that recognizes the diverse needs and experiences of different genders and promotes their meaningful participation in decision-making processes related to WASH.

Current Projects from SuSanA Partners

Janu - Sept
Divine Act Charitable Trust
Provide clean & safe water for 1500 women and children

2016 - 2022
Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA) & United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Developing Guidelines for Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Systems

Women’s Networks

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SuSanA Partners currently 400 partners

Networks Circle


Latest SuSanA Blog Articles

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SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

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Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

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The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (291 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium

Humanitarian Sanitation Hub

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

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SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

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Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

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