Cookie tracking notice
Are we allowed to crumble with cookies and anonymous tracking?

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site (so called session cookies), while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). We use the application Matomo and the external service etracker to analyze your behavior on our website anonymously. Because we value your privacy, we are here with asking your permission to use the following technologies. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy

SFD Promotion Initiative

SFDs - a new way of visualizing excreta management in cities and towns

The fate of excreta produced by urban populations across the globe is often poorly understood. Particularly in low and middle-income countries with rapidly expanding cities, excreta management represents a growing challenge; generating significant negative public health and environmental risks.

What is an SFD?

An excreta flow diagram (or shit flow diagram, SFD) is a tool to readily understand and communicate how excreta ‘flow’ through a city or town. It shows how all excreta generated in a city is or is not contained as it moves from defecation to disposal or end-use. An accompanying report describes the service delivery context of the city or town. SFDs are a useful tool to inform urban sanitation programming, by visualizing the status of urban sanitation services in terms of the ultimate fate of excreta. They offer an innovative way to engage city stakeholders from political leaders to sanitation experts and civil society organizations in a coordinated dialogue about excreta management.

Example of an SFD (Kochi, India 2016)

Are you interested in creating your own SFD?

The SFD Promotion Initiative has set up a team of experienced SFD authors to provide helpdesk support to the process of creating an SFD: www.sfd.susana.org/toolbox/sfd-helpdesk. There, you are able to work on an embedded form of the SFD report, to upload the supporting documents and to directly communicate with the SFD Team. This is a protected area and can only be seen by you. Your SFDs will become accessible to the SFD team once you submit it to revision or attach it to a question. To use the helpdesk you simply have to click on the “Login to helpdesk” button on top right of the SFD Portal and log in using your Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) credentials.

Background: Promoting fecal waste flow analysis to inform urban sanitation programming

In 2012-2013 the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) of the World Bank carried out an analysis of excreta management in 12 cities and developed new tools for assessing the context and outcomes relating to the flow of fecal matter through the city. This study aimed to provide a more comprehensive understanding of excreta management throughout the sanitation service chain.

Building on this work, a group of institutions active in the field of excreta management convened in June 2014 to further develop the service delivery assessment tool and Shit Flow Diagrams, or SFDs, developed by WSP which clearly and simply show how excreta is or is not contained as it moves along multiple pathways from defecation to disposal or end-use. This joint initiative, the SFD Promotion Initiative, is managed under the umbrella of the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA).

The consortium consists of the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) of the World Bank; the Global Sector Program on Sustainable Sanitation of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ GmbH) commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Development and Cooperation (BMZ); the Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries (SANDEC) at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG); the water@leeds research group of the University of Leeds (UoL); the Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) of Loughborough University, and the Centre for Science and Environment in Delhi (CSE). Since November 2014, GIZ has been supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to promote this initiative.

In the first phase of this project, the SFD approach was applied in about 40 cities worldwide. A key objective of the next phase of this project is to promote and facilitate the use of SFDs by city authorities worldwide, development partners and utilities as part of the urban sanitation advocacy and planning process, by making SFDs a standard tool for identifying key issues and challenges in cities or towns. The next steps of the SFD Promotion Initiative also include (2015-2018):

  • Technical refinement: phase 1 SFDs reveal several areas where new research could improve SFD credibility
  • Tool refinement: a review of usability of all SFD tools will enable their further refinement and improvement
  • Direct support: design and delivery of a support mechanism (web-based FAQs, tools and helpdesk) for the development of further SFDs in partnership with cities and towns
  • Scaling up: availability and promotion of the refined tools will encourage the use of the SFD approach for advocacy and decision support
  • Quality control: roll-out of a quality assessment process for stakeholders preparing their own SFDs

For further readings:

Share this page on    


Networks Circle

 

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

  • 28-11-2022 16:46SuSanA:
    RT @gwopa: Listen to UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation Pedro Arrojo Agudo on how your accredi… »
  • 28-11-2022 13:00SuSanA:
    📝@WorldBank has released a new report today, pushing policy + decision makers to create stronger policies and regul… »
  • 28-11-2022 10:28SuSanA:
    RT @wateraid: 💊 Developing a new antibiotic can cost more than $1 billion and take 10 to 15 years. 💧 But investing in water, sanitation an… »
  • 28-11-2022 10:24SuSanA:
    RT @WaterWideNg: Access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene keeps women and girls from walking unsafe distances to get water. Access to #»
  • 25-11-2022 22:17SuSanA:
    RT @gwopa: Call for Engagement extended! Are you a water and sanitation practitioner? Are you involved in supporting public operators? Are… »
  • 25-11-2022 12:37SuSanA:
    Need some Friday afternoon #inspo for cool and fearless ladies in the workplace? (The answer is always yes). Then… »

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

32nd SuSanA Meeting

The 32nd virtual SuSanA Meeting took place Monday, 22nd of August (9:00 - 17:00 CEST), right before the Stockholm World Water Week. It was organised by the Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups, Regional Chapters and many more. 

Now meeting recordings and presentations available: Click here to get to the Meeting Page!

SuSanA meetings

Jobs

 


close  

 

Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:

Projects

The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.


Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (231 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium

 


close  

 

Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »


Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »


Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member

Login


Forgot your password?
Forgot your username?

 


close