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Sanitation Library

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1371 Views
105 Downloads

An excreta flow diagram (also often described as shit flow diagram, SFD) presents a clear picture of the outcome arising from wastewater and faecal sludge management practices and services in a city or town. This is expressed in terms of the percentage of the population. An accompanying report describes the service delivery context of the city or town.

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1310 Views
132 Downloads

El proyecto tiene como objetivo mejorar la gestión de los lodos fecales domiciliarios en las zonas periurbanas de la ciudad de Santa Cruz en la cadena de valor del servicio de limpieza y recolección de lodos fecales domiciliarios en sus
eslabones de generación, recolección, transporte y tratamiento,así como facilitar la regulación de los servicios de limpieza, transporte y disposición …

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605 Views
12 Downloads

This publication is the final technical report of a project, which was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The link to the project can be seen below.
Drying is a relevant unit operation during faecal sludge and fresh faeces treatment. It allows the removal of moisture from the faecal matter and its disinfection, so making it safer to handle, easier to transport and a more suitable …

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1029 Views
50 Downloads

Worldwide over the last years, a shift has taken place in the acceptance of faecal sludge management (FSM). It is now considered by many to be a viable solution alongside sewer-based systems in achieving citywide inclusive sanitation, and faecal sludge treatment plants (FSTPs) are starting to be constructed throughout Asia and Africa. For example, more than 40 FSTPs started operation in India and …

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1593 Views
107 Downloads

# Context

The list of publications in this entry are outputs of two BMGF funded projects with our collaborators Tide Technocrats in India (OPP1188987) and Duke Center for WaSH-AID (OPP1173370).

# FSM5 Conference; Cape Town, South Africa, 2019

Presentation: Demonstrating Pathogen-Free Thermal Treatment Solutions Towards ISO/PC 318 Energy Neutrality Requirements

Presentation: …

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1552 Views
76 Downloads

The Three Cities On-Site Sanitation (OSS) and Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) Knowledge Exchange (KEx) Case study provides detailed highlights of the capacity development initiative that was undertaken in three sub-Saharan African cities; Kampala (Uganda), Dar Es Salaam (Tanzania) andLusaka (Zambia). The KEx initiative was aimed at enabling keystakeholders from the three cities municipalities/ …

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1350 Views
45 Downloads

This report presents results of the project 'Circular economy in sanitation for agriculture – Faecal sludge management with cocomposting for vegetables cultivation in the Nilgiris', which started in 2017 and is funded under the Securing Water for Food programme and the FINISH Mondial programme.

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922 Views
29 Downloads

As part of the capacity building initiatives, a Training Needs Assessment (TNA) of officers in the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) was conducted. The study was conducted at selected ULBs in the State, with an aim to identify the current capacity of the organisations to implement FSM. The TNA focused on the institutional, administrative, financial and human capacity of the ULBs and assessed the existing …

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743 Views
10 Downloads

The Training Needs Assessment of masons was conducted to identify the required training needs based on the current levels of education and training of masons, their current level of knowledge and practices in toilet construction, and the construction of on-site containment structures. The findings from the study provide an insight in to the knowledge and practice gaps of masons and help identify …

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776 Views
4 Downloads

The Sewage Treatment Plant at Tiruchirappalli has been used for co-treating fecal sludge by utilizing pumping stations as receiving/decanting stations. An assessment was carried out at the decanting stations in Tiruchirappalli with an objective to check the adequacy of existing facilities, identify areas of improvement and develop a methodology for feasibility assessment for converting pumping …

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883 Views
24 Downloads

Tiruchirappalli has focused on urban sanitation over a long period of time. This report examines Trichy’s sanitation situation through a comprehensive understanding of existing sanitation arrangements, and highlights key deficiencies that can be addressed by a proposed action and investment plan.

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1272 Views
77 Downloads

An assessment of the coverage of sewerage network and effectiveness of the Panjapur Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) in Tiruchirappalli for safe treatment and disposal of sewage and fecal sludge for existing and future loads was carried out. The implications of the proposed extension of the sewer network were studied, with respect to the existing and proposed sewage treatment facilities. …

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1139 Views
13 Downloads

Tiruchirappalli is a partially sewered city and a vast majority of the households are dependent on on-site sanitation systems. The city is serviced by nearly 30 private desludging operators and few urban local body owned trucks. In-depth interviews with desludging operators were conducted to understand their business, operational practices and challenges. This report presents the findings from …

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676 Views
32 Downloads

Worldwide over the last years, a shift has taken place in the acceptance of faecal sludge management (FSM). It is now considered by many to be a viable solution alongside sewer-based systems in achieving citywide inclusive sanitation, and faecal sludge treatment plants (FSTPs) are starting to be constructed throughout Asia and Africa. For example, more than 40 FSTPs started operation in India and …

read more & download …

2014 Views
82 Downloads

Building on the success of the first four International FSM Conferences in Chennai (2017), Hanoi (2015) and in Durban (2011& 2012), the FSM5 conference brought together professionals working in the sector, including utilities, service providers, cities, governments, academics, scientists, consultants, donors and industries, to support the global initiative of disseminating sustainable solutions …

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1155 Views
97 Downloads

The black soldier fly (BSF) can cope with a wide range of environmental conditions and the adult fly is not a vector of
disease. BSF larvae can consume different organic materials, including various organic wastes generated in large volumes within urban areas. By doing so, they reduce waste volume, grow into a protein-rich biomass and leave behind a nutrientrich residue. The harvested larvae can …

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1354 Views
138 Downloads

In Spanish: Este webinar nos mostrará diferentes experiencias en la gestión de lodos fecales, evaluando la magnitud de esta problemática y las principales limitaciones que deben ser superadas para mejorar la gestión de lodos fecales en nuestra región.

Esa entrada de la biblioteca contiene las presentaciónes del webinar 2: "Gestión de lodos fecales en zonas urbanas"

- Gestión de …

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1508 Views
59 Downloads

The goal of the Uttar Pradesh State Septage Management Policy (UPSSMP) is to improve water quality and protect public health in urban areas of the State by 2023. The objective is to enhance the ability of local implementers to build and operate septage treatment systems for urban centers and promote the behavior change and supporting environment needed for systems to be effective and sustainable. …

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949 Views
56 Downloads

With increased urbanization and regulatory scrutiny, the ability of humanitarian agencies to use the simple pit latrine to safely manage human waste in emergencies will decline. When a latrine is not suitable, the response options become exponentially more complicated. Different toilets must be constructed. The contents must then be removed and treated. This is as complicated and expensive as it …

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1479 Views
0 Downloads

Presentations (download from conference website, see external link below, or go to: https://fsm5.susana.org/en/downloads/conference-materials):

Conference convenors:
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
BORDA
Eawag-Sandec
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Inclusive Sanitation in Practice (IPS)
Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)
University of …

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2310 Views
155 Downloads

On behalf of Oxfam, Arup have conducted a technical comparison study on Faecal Sludge Management at the Rohingya camps close to Cox's Bazar (CXB), Bangladesh. The aim of the study is to draw conclusions on best practice FSM for disaster relief, from evidence gathered through practical experience. The study used existing available data to inform the analysis and in many cases these datasets are …

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1199 Views
98 Downloads

Due to the lack of investment in a proper sanitation system in the Philippines - including sewage collection and treatment - close to 20% of the population (approx. 20 million) suffer from inadequate access to sanitation and 9 million rely on unsafe water sources. Additionally, a significant portion of the population is resorting to open defecation (6 million) as a negative coping mechanism, …

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3998 Views
548 Downloads

Over a billion people in urban and peri-urban areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America are served by onsite sanitation technologies. Until now, the management of faecal sludge resulting from these onsite technologies has been grossly neglected. Financial resources are often lacking, and onsite sanitation systems tend to be regarded as temporary solutions until sewer-based systems can be …

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1344 Views
71 Downloads

Pressing water scarcity in Jordan increased the demands of marginal water for agriculture, of which the treated wastewater is the most prominent candidate. Meanwhile, agriculture is an important economic activity in Jordan where treated wastewater could be a valuable source for irrigation in the agricultural sector. The reuse as percentage of total treatment as index which is of limited use for …

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3932 Views
439 Downloads

This book deals with the treatment of faecal material and supernatant water removed from on-site and decentralized sanitation facilities and systems. Its main focus is on treatment facility design but this can never be viewed in isolation. Rather, it must reflect local conditions, start from a realistic assessment of the load on the plant, and take account of the final destination of the liquid …

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32nd SuSanA Meeting

The 32nd SuSanA meeting - the third time online - will take place on August 20th August 2022. It is organised by the SuSanA Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups and Regional Chapters. 

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Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

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The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:

Projects

The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

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Trainings, conference and events materials

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Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

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