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Are you a teacher and looking for training materials?

Our School Activity Collection assembles various activities on the vital topics of WASH, energy conservation, biodiversity and waste management.

Have a look

 

286 Views
128 Downloads

Strande, L., Ronteltap, M., Brdjanovic, D. (Eds.) (2014)

Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) book
Systems Approach for Implementation and Operation (English, French, Spanish)

Over a billion people in urban and peri-urban areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America are served by onsite sanitation technologies. Until now, the management of faecal sludge resulting from these onsite technologies has been grossly neglected. Financial resources are often lacking, and onsite sanitation systems tend to be regarded as temporary solutions until sewer-based systems can be …

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118 Views
5 Downloads

Abdulla, F., Abu-Qudais, H., AlFarra, A., Sonneveld, B. (2016)

Evaluation of Wastewater Treatment Plants in Jordan and Suitability for Reuse

Pressing water scarcity in Jordan increased the demands of marginal water for agriculture, of which the treated wastewater is the most prominent candidate. Meanwhile, agriculture is an important economic activity in Jordan where treated wastewater could be a valuable source for irrigation in the agricultural sector. The reuse as percentage of total treatment as index which is of limited use for …

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448 Views
101 Downloads

Tayler, K. (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment
A guide for Low and Middle Income Countries

This book deals with the treatment of faecal material and supernatant water removed from on-site and decentralized sanitation facilities and systems. Its main focus is on treatment facility design but this can never be viewed in isolation. Rather, it must reflect local conditions, start from a realistic assessment of the load on the plant, and take account of the final destination of the liquid …

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380 Views
23 Downloads

BMGF (2018)

MEDS Convening 2018
Conversations about Sanitation, SDGs and Research

The Measurement, Evidence, and Dissemination, for Scale (MEDS) initiative was created by merging the Measurement, Learning and Evaluation (MLE) initiative with the Building Demand for Sanitation (BDS) initiative at the end of 2015. The 2017 MEDS Convening was the 2nd convening under MEDS but the 6th annual meeting for many of the participants, formally convening under the BDS portfolio.

In …

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469 Views
70 Downloads

NWASCO (2018)

Urban Onsite Sanitation and Faecal Sludge Management: Framework for Provision and Regulation in Zambia

In developing the framework for provision and regulation of urban onsite sanitation services, the National Water and Sanitation Council of Zambia (NWASCO) was mandated to facilitate and coordinate the consultative process under the Ministry of Water Development, Sanitation and Environmental Protection (MWDSEP).

The objective of this publication is to assist in the creation of a regulatory …

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378 Views
16 Downloads

UMC (2018)

Value Chain of On-Site Sanitation Systems - Flash cards

The flash cards illustrate the existing and available technology options and processes across the entire value chain of on-site sanitation in Gujarat (for pour-flush user interface). The flash cards will be used as visual aids in the field to identify and evaluate existing systems and processes. These cards can also be used as tools to foster discussion with ULB officers on septage management in …

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570 Views
51 Downloads

UMC (2015)

Standard Operating Procedures for Fecal Sludge Management for Municipalities in Gujarat

This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) is a step-by-step guide for ULBs to institute a framework for on-site sanitation system management. This SOP conforms to the advisory note on septage management released by MoUD and draws from UMC’s experience of working with ULBs in Gujarat. It provides a set of written instructions on
septic tank construction, cleaning and maintenance and disposal of …

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1444 Views
51 Downloads

NIUA and UMC (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management: An Orientation Module

The Handbook is an initiative of Sanitation Capacity Building Platform (SCBP) to build capacities in Feacal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) for officials of urban local bodies (ULB), para state technical agencies, administrators and professionals from the private sector and Non-governmental Organizations. It is meant to be freely used by any can organization (public or private), national and …

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331 Views
23 Downloads

UNICEF Philippines (2015)

PhATS Technical Note
Septage Management

In November of 2013, Typhoon Haiyan struck the Eastern Visayas region of the Philippines devastating homes and families in its path. The response by the government and international community was swift as shelter kits were distributed and “bunkhouse-style” temporary housing built for displaced persons. As these needs were met, new problems emerged, among them was how to properly manage the …

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591 Views
44 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - The Key Role of FSM in Modern Urban Sanitation Systems
Chennai, India

The fourth conference on developments in Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) took place in Chennai, India where the State Government recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots.

The conference aimed at bringing together professionals working in the sector, including utilities, service providers, cities, governments, …

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419 Views
11 Downloads

Miller,A., Muspratt,A. (2018)

Our bets are on co-processing of fecal sludge and municipal solid waste as the next important trend in urban sanitation

Liquid and solid waste management are huge and unsolved challenges in many developing cities. This
article makes the case that co-processing FS and MSW could help: 1) Tackle the public
and environmental health disasters associated with inadequate urban waste
management; and 2) Improve the operating economics of FS management.

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381 Views
9 Downloads

EPA (1980)

Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems
Design Manual

This document provides information on generic types of onsi te wastewater treatment and disposal systems. It contains neither standards for those systems nor rules and regulations pertaining to onsite systems. The design information presented herein is intended as technical guidance reflective of sound, professional practice. The intended audience for the manual includes those involved in the …

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526 Views
0 Downloads

 

385 Views
3 Downloads

 

489 Views
9 Downloads

 

424 Views
9 Downloads

Heinss, U., Larmie, S. A., Strauss, M. (1998)

Solids Separation and Pond Systems for the Treatment of Faecal Sludges in the Tropics
Lessons Learnt and Recommendations for Preliminary Design

The report sets out to provide guidelines for the preliminary design of faecal sludge treatment schemes comprising solids-liquid separation and stabilisation ponds. The document is based on the results of collaborative field research conducted by the Ghana Water Research Institute and SANDEC on full and pilot-scale faecal sludge (FS) treatment plants located in Accra, Ghana. Published and …

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550 Views
7 Downloads

Furlong, C., Gibson, W. T., Oak, A., Patankar, R. (2015)

Faecal sludge treatment by vermifiltration
proof of concept

The objective of this study was to determine if composting worms and their cocoons are able to survive in and digest faecal sludge. Eighteen vermifilters with different worm and cocoon densities were set-up, fed with faecal sludge (from portable pour-flush toilets) and ran for 38 days. Samples of the sludge, effluent and vermicompost were analysed for pH, total solids, chemical oxygen demand, …

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390 Views
6 Downloads

Malambo, D. (2014)

Sanitizing Faecal Sludge using Lactic Acid Bacteria in Emergencies

Providing safe excreta collection and disposal in emergency situations has remained one of the most urgent priorities in the disaster relief effort. This is because of the high risk to human health that exposed and unsanitized human excreta pose. With an increase in the frequency and intensity of natural disasters in recent years, humanitarian aid and related organisations worldwide are currently …

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391 Views
6 Downloads

González P., M. E. (2014)

Sanitising faecal sludge with ammonia (from urea) in the context of emergency situations
Master thesis

In an emergency situation, the collection, treatment and disposal of the human excreta and waste in a safe way is one of the biggest challenges to face, regardless the type of disaster. When it comes to faecal sludge management, the traditional desludging methods can often not be appropriate in an acute emergency phase. Consequently, relief organisations aim to apply new and simple approaches and …

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391 Views
14 Downloads

USAID (2015)

Implementer’s Guide to Lime Stabilisation for Septage Management in the Philippines

Local government units (LGUs) just beginning to implement a new septage management program may wish to phase in the program over time. Lime stabilization can be done as a first phase following a disaster and perhaps serve the public and commercial sectors. In the next phase, a municipal or city-wide program to desludge all septic tanks on a regular schedule using treatment technologies besides …

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464 Views
12 Downloads

Chakraborty I., Capito, M., Jacks, C., Pringle R. (2014)

Household-level application of hydrated lime for on-site treatment and agricultural use of latrine sludge

Rural areas of Cambodia have no safe waste management strategies for household latrine waste. Household application of lime (calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2) would enable households to treat waste easily on-site and significantly reduce the risk of latrine sludge causing negative impacts on human health and the environment, whilst transforming latrines into incubators of a valuable agricultural …

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411 Views
2 Downloads

Anderson, C., Malambo, D. H., Perez, M. E., Nobela, H. N., de Pooter, L., Spit, J., Hooijmans, C. M., de Vossenberg, J. V., Greya, W., Thole, B., van Lier, J. B., Brdjanovic, D. (2015)

Lactic Acid Fermentation, Urea and Lime Addition
Promising Faecal Sludge Sanitizing Methods for Emergency Sanitation

In this research, three faecal sludge sanitizing methods—lactic acid fermentation, urea treatment and lime treatment—were studied for application in emergency situations. These methods were investigated by undertaking small scale field trials with pit latrine sludge in Blantyre, Malawi. Hydrated lime was able to reduce the E. coli count in the sludge to below the detectable limit within 1 h …

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354 Views
5 Downloads

Muspratt, A., Miller, A. (2018)

Mechanical Dewatering for Fecal Sludge Treatment Applications
Process & Technology Review

This article is a synthesis of experience operating mechanical dewatering equipment and vetting tens of technologies. The article includes comparative costs as well as design and operational considerations. The views on the benefits and potential challenges associated with deploying mechanical dewatering technologies are also presented.

read more & download …

 

509 Views
16 Downloads

Muspratt, A., Miller, A. (2018)

Mechanical Dewatering for Fecal Sludge Treatment Applications Process & Technology Review

When properly designed and sized, WSPs deliver high quality effluent at marginal running costs. Their minimal maintenance requirements make them relatively hard to break – the textbook example of “appropriate technology”.
The simplicity and elegance of natural treatments systems will always have a special place in the hearts of many sanitation engineers but their large footprint has made …

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1193 Views
130 Downloads

GIZ (2017)

Faecal Sludge Management in Kampala, Uganda
Project insights from GIZ Uganda

The sanitation situation in most of Kampala can be summarized as follows:
About 90% of it’s population relies on on-site sanitation facilities (pit latrines and septic tanks) whereas 50% of households share one sanitation facility, leading to unhygienic conditions.
More than 50% of pit-latrines are un-lined and filled with solid waste and only 20 – 25% of the toilets have ever been emptied …

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Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

 


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