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17 Views
1 Downloads

Volume 4 of the Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater provides information on the assessment and management of risks associated with microbial hazards. It explains requirements to promote the safe use of excreta and greywater in agriculture, including minimum procedures and specific health-based targets, and how those requirements are intended to be used. This volume …

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79 Views
8 Downloads

This report from a research project funded by the Water Research Commission is divided into 2 volumes.

Volume 1:
In South Africa, the Pour-Flush system is viewed as an upgrade from the Ventilated Improved Pit latrine (VIP), which is the standard for basic sanitation in the country. PID successfully ran a pilot scheme involving the installation of approximately 25 Pour-Flush latrines in the …

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7 Downloads

Solar thermal energy, an abundant and free source of energy in the world, particularly in a major part of developing countries, could supplement heat for drying purposes, leading to the decrease of the operating costs. In the sanitation sector, the use of solar energy for faecal sludge drying has been minimal, with only a few cases. Possible reasons for the low use of solar drying is the lack of …

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2 Downloads

The current document presents the City Sanitation Plan for PNP. PNP is one of the cluster towns selected for implementing fecal sludge management in Tamil Nadu. This plan is curated from the sanitation situation analysis which included identifying major components of sanitation (water supply, storm water drainage and solid waste management), issues related to it, and possible solutions.

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Safe collection and safe disposal of fecal sludge is a critical component of septage management in which desludging operators play a central role. In order to understand their work, consultations were conducted with desludging operators in the Periyanaicken Palayam and Narasimhanaicken Palayam town panchayats of Coimbatore district. These consultations aimed to understand the current desludging …

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This is a Compendium of technology options for various components in the urban sanitation chain. This Compendium is contextual to the geographic and economic conditions for the state of Tamil Nadu and aims to provide the user with a broad range of innovative sanitation systems and technologies that can be implemented on the ground. This document is designed to act as a reference guide and …

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On-site sanitation systems (OSS) remain the dominant household arrangement across the state of Tamil Nadu for urban sanitation. Given that these OSS are spread over different hydrogeological zones, factors such as aquifer systems, soil drainage characteristics, groundwater levels and flood hazard areas have a bearing on their suitability. A study was undertaken for the state of Tamil Nadu to …

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TNUSSP carried out a baseline study in 36 ULBs across seven different agro- climatic zones to develop an understanding of the sanitation situation across the various region in the State of Tamil Nadu. The study used both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods to elicit information from various stakeholders including household members, masons, public toilet and community toilet …

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4 Downloads

Faecal sludge management is recognized globally as an essential component of city-wide inclusive sanitation. However, a major gap in developing appropriate and adequate management and monitoring for faecal sludge is the ability to understand and predict the characteristics and volumes of accumulated faecal sludge, and correlations to source populations. Since standard methods for sampling and …

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5 Downloads

Kalpetta is a town and a municipality in the Wayanad district, state of Kerala, India. The FSTP uses vermifiltration where worm-based sludge treatment is combined with water filtration to digest organic matter present in septage. The worms need only air, water, and sludge (food) to operate efficiently as a part of the vermifiltration system.

The Tiger Biofilter technique is based on …

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87 Downloads

This toolkit (in English) is intended for practitioners and designers of faecal sludge management systems. It is a useful toolkit for managing faecal sludge in rural areas. It fills a gap in know-how and is of use to planners and practitioners to improve the management of faecal sludge in rural areas. While written with India in mind, it can be used in other developing countries.

A hindi …

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The Faecal Sludge and Septage Management: Service Business Models shares leading practices and innovations to improve how faecal sludge is managed, and how to expand services to the millions of people living in thousands of cities in urban India, lacking access to safely managed sanitation.

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Over the course of three months, a Working Group comprised of over 50 organizations explored the use of blended finance in two important segments of water service delivery and sanitation: (1) repair and maintenance of water infrastructure in less densely populated areas; and (2) fecal sludge management. Commissioned by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), this Outcome …

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The central questions that this thematic note seeks to address include: What can municipalities learn about creating a conducive enabling environment for faecal sludge management (FSM)? How can engineers create Faecal sludge treatment plant (FSTP) designs that work well on the ground both technically and financially?

The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) has made significant strides in addressing …

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The aim of this document is to provide an overview of the possibilities for resource recovery from sanitation and provide guidance on treatment processes to achieve safe products for reuse. The focus of this document is on resource recovery from the organic wastes managed in sanitation systems and, to a lesser extent, on the recovery of water and energy generation. Resource recovery sanitation …

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725 Views
91 Downloads

An excreta flow diagram (also often described as shit flow diagram, SFD) presents a clear picture of the outcome arising from wastewater and faecal sludge management practices and services in a city or town. This is expressed in terms of the percentage of the population. An accompanying report describes the service delivery context of the city or town.

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108 Downloads

El proyecto tiene como objetivo mejorar la gestión de los lodos fecales domiciliarios en las zonas periurbanas de la ciudad de Santa Cruz en la cadena de valor del servicio de limpieza y recolección de lodos fecales domiciliarios en sus
eslabones de generación, recolección, transporte y tratamiento,así como facilitar la regulación de los servicios de limpieza, transporte y disposición …

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9 Downloads

This publication is the final technical report of a project, which was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The link to the project can be seen below.
Drying is a relevant unit operation during faecal sludge and fresh faeces treatment. It allows the removal of moisture from the faecal matter and its disinfection, so making it safer to handle, easier to transport and a more suitable …

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Worldwide over the last years, a shift has taken place in the acceptance of faecal sludge management (FSM). It is now considered by many to be a viable solution alongside sewer-based systems in achieving citywide inclusive sanitation, and faecal sludge treatment plants (FSTPs) are starting to be constructed throughout Asia and Africa. For example, more than 40 FSTPs started operation in India and …

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# Context

The list of publications in this entry are outputs of two BMGF funded projects with our collaborators Tide Technocrats in India (OPP1188987) and Duke Center for WaSH-AID (OPP1173370).

# FSM5 Conference; Cape Town, South Africa, 2019

Presentation: Demonstrating Pathogen-Free Thermal Treatment Solutions Towards ISO/PC 318 Energy Neutrality Requirements

Presentation: …

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66 Downloads

The Three Cities On-Site Sanitation (OSS) and Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) Knowledge Exchange (KEx) Case study provides detailed highlights of the capacity development initiative that was undertaken in three sub-Saharan African cities; Kampala (Uganda), Dar Es Salaam (Tanzania) andLusaka (Zambia). The KEx initiative was aimed at enabling keystakeholders from the three cities municipalities/ …

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This report presents results of the project 'Circular economy in sanitation for agriculture – Faecal sludge management with cocomposting for vegetables cultivation in the Nilgiris', which started in 2017 and is funded under the Securing Water for Food programme and the FINISH Mondial programme.

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As part of the capacity building initiatives, a Training Needs Assessment (TNA) of officers in the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) was conducted. The study was conducted at selected ULBs in the State, with an aim to identify the current capacity of the organisations to implement FSM. The TNA focused on the institutional, administrative, financial and human capacity of the ULBs and assessed the existing …

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The Training Needs Assessment of masons was conducted to identify the required training needs based on the current levels of education and training of masons, their current level of knowledge and practices in toilet construction, and the construction of on-site containment structures. The findings from the study provide an insight in to the knowledge and practice gaps of masons and help identify …

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Tiruchirappalli has focused on urban sanitation over a long period of time. This report examines Trichy’s sanitation situation through a comprehensive understanding of existing sanitation arrangements, and highlights key deficiencies that can be addressed by a proposed action and investment plan.

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The 30th SuSanA meeting - the first virtual of its kind - took place from August 17th to August 28th 2020. It was organised by the SuSana Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups and Regional Chapters.

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Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

 


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