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91 Views
1 Downloads

Ocean wastewater pollution is serious, pervasive, and overlooked. Ignoring ocean wastewater pollution has consequences which threaten local and national economies, public health, fisheries, and coastal security, and can even amplify the impacts of climate change. Efforts to improve ocean health have most recently focused on establishing marine protected areas, improving fisheries management, and …

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386 Views
20 Downloads

LEDeG and BORDA have been working in partnership since 1987. Initially cooperation was focused on renewable energy projects which provided electricity to 67 villages through micro-hydro technology. The cooperation was later expanded to include a range of income generation activities such as food processing, handicrafts and food production. In recent years the cooperation has evolved to focus on …

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157 Views
0 Downloads

Sanitation, including the proper management of wastewater, is central to ensuring human and ecosystem health, and economic and environmental benefits. While significant efforts are being made across Africa to ensure better access and services, many places still have inadequate infrastructure for sanitation and wastewater management. This is happening at a time of greater need due to population …

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689 Views
154 Downloads

Cities are incredibly vulnerable to climate change. Although sanitation is a critical urban system and service, it is not widely considered a climate change issue. While water has long been recognized as a central component of climate change adaptation, there is only sparse research and evidence on the impacts of climate change on sanitation infrastructure and services, and therefore limited …

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228 Views
9 Downloads

Youth4Water was conceptualised to harness the power of youth to raise awareness and initiate action on water conservation and related fields such as sanitation and hygiene. It is heartening to know that the campaign has been able to mobilise thousands of youth across the state in just one year.
The youth got a firsthand opportunity to understand community conservation …

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183 Views
2 Downloads

There are uncertainties with projected impacts of climate change, but reliability of projection depends on the area. For some regions projections of future precipitation change are more robust, while outside of these areas the predictions vary between models. Predictions also become less consistent between models as scale
ecreases. One robust finding is that there will be changes in the …

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147 Views
3 Downloads

Rainfall and soil water are fundamental parts of all terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems which supplies goods and services for human well-being. Availability and quality of water determines ecosystem productivity, both for agricultural and natural systems. There is increasing demand on water resources for development whilst maintaining healthy ecosystems, which put water resources under pressure. …

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189 Views
4 Downloads

A guideline based on the Swiss Re 2007 award winning pilot project “Water harvesting to improve livelihoods in southern Ethiopia: from pilots to mainstream” and large-scale implementation of sand dams in Kenya.


In the Kituï District of Kenya the SASOL (Sahelian Solutions) Foundation began constructing sand storage dams in 1995. Since this period, over 500 sand storage dams have been …

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155 Views
3 Downloads

As part of its Technical Cooperation "Energy Efficiency for Caribbean Water and Sanitation Companies," the Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Initiative (SECCI) of the IDB financed the development of a regional methodology to improve energy efficiency and maintenance of water companies in Latin American and Caribbean countries. This methodology, developed by the consulting firms Econoler …

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578 Views
6 Downloads

Today, 1.42 billion people – including 450 million children – live in areas of high or extremely high water vulnerability. Less than 3 per cent of the world’s water resources is freshwater, and it is growing increasingly scarce.

Decades of misuse, poor management, over-extraction of groundwater and contamination of freshwater supplies have exacerbated water stress. At the same time, …

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1571 Views
399 Downloads

Celebrating World Water Day 2021 on March 22nd, six experts, backed by five organizations (Stockholm Environment Institute, GIZ, Viva con Agua, WaterWorX and EXP-Consult) present a plea for greater and wider collaboration to shape the water sector to become more climate resilient. Improved management of water and sanitation services is fundamental not only for climate change adaptation but also …

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293 Views
6 Downloads

This publication shares guidance and tips on how to edit Wikipedia. It is intended for researchers, practitioners, communicators and any others with access to climate change information who would like to share it more widely with the world.

Wikipedia is a powerful platform to make climate change information accessible to all. However, people working in the climate change field often overlook …

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539 Views
19 Downloads

In October 2019, a group of leading organisations in the sanitation and hygiene (S&H) sector – Plan International, SNV, UNICEF, WaterAid, the World Bank and World Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) – published a call to action.1 This stressed renewing commitment and stepping up ambitions and investments to rural S&H and called for evidence-based and adaptive …

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473 Views
8 Downloads

Water scarcity in the Arab region is intensifying due to population growth, economic development, and the impacts of climate change. It is manifested in groundwater depletion, freshwater ecosystem degradation, deteriorating water quality, low levels of water storage per capita, and added pressures on transboundary water resources. High‐income Arab countries have sought to circumvent the …

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1895 Views
257 Downloads

From December 2016, the German-funded project ClimateFriendly Sanitation Services in Peri-Urban Areas of Lusaka (CFS-Lusaka) implemented by GIZ on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) supported stakeholders to strengthen on-site sanitation (OSS) and safe faecal sludge management (FSM) in the fast-growing Zambian capital within the context of the …

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1604 Views
154 Downloads

Webinar sobre diferentes acciones y experiencias que se aplican en la gestión del agua con medidas de prevención, adaptación y mitigación al cambio climático realizado por SuSanA Latinoamérica. Con la moderación de Lourdes Valenzuela, coordinadora regional de SuSanA Latinoamérica y presentaciones de Bianca Corona, asesora técnica de GIZ en México, Gustavo Collere, gerente de …

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816 Views
24 Downloads

This study was the first to comprehensively assess the possibility of eco-sanitation options to help address village wastewater challenges in Vermont. In each village, site visits were conducted with participants to gauge the feasibility of a variety of composting and urine-diverting toilet systems. Of the options considered, a urine diverting flush toilet was identified as one of the more …

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992 Views
20 Downloads

This report details the monitoring and evaluation of the recent innovation by WASTE among the small-scale farmers of the horticulture district of Nilgiris in the state of Karnataka in July 2019. Fifty independent farmers were selected for interviews through a random sampling with a mix of male and female headed households. Criteria was established to assess household income, crop yield, water …

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909 Views
19 Downloads

Cities must ensure universal access to safe, reliable and affordable sanitation so that all urban residents can lead productive, healthy and thriving lives. Globally, the number of urban residents who lack safely managed sanitation has increased from 1.9 billion in 2000 to 2.3 billion in 2015, costing $223 billion a year in health costs and lost productivity and wages. When households cannot …

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488 Views
14 Downloads

Safe health care waste management, including segregation, collection, transport, treatment and waste disposal, is fundamental to wider efforts to provide safe and quality health care. Safe health care waste management practices also support a number of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including Goal 3 on health, Goal 6 on safely managed water and sanitation, Goal 7 on climate change …

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1688 Views
130 Downloads

The Water Research Commission and the Toilet Board Coalition have come together to identify the business opportunities in the Sanitation Economy specific to Africa.

Our sanitation challenge in South Africa is a continuous
one. Dealing with the inequities of the past, coupled
with a dichotomy in society through apartheid spatial
planning and the new perils of nature in the form of
climate …

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4082 Views
401 Downloads

Sustainable Sanitation is highly relevant for the achievement of three international frameworks: The Paris Agreement, the Sendai Framework and the 2030 Agenda. A sustainable future is impossible without universal access to safe, well-functioning and context-appropriate sanitation services. Until this is achieved, sanitation shortfalls will increase the risks human populations face from climate …

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1495 Views
82 Downloads

The establishment of SDG 6, Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all, reflects the increased attention on water and sanitation issues in the global political agenda. The 2030 Agenda lists rising inequalities, natural resource depletion, environmental degradation and climate change among the greatest challenges of our time. It recognizes that social …

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1156 Views
112 Downloads

This paper presents a comprehensive conceptualisation of how climate change could be considered in urban sanitation policy and programming.

Given the urban sanitation crisis facing many cities in developing countries, consideration of climate change can seem like an unwanted distraction from the immediate problems at hand (Bartram, et al., 2017). Climate hazards are often perceived as …

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683 Views
26 Downloads

Climate change represents the most significant challenge of the twenty-first century and poses risks to water and sanitation services. Concerns for water supply include damage to infrastructure from flooding, loss of water sources due to declining rainfall and increasing demand, and changes in the water quality of water sources and within distribution of water. Sanitation concerns include damage …

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599 Views
18 Downloads

Water will be the main channel through which the impacts of climate change will be felt by people, ecosystems and economies. However, predicting impacts on the availability and quality of freshwater resources, and on water-dependent services and sanitation, remains difficult.

While there is a high level of confidence in the processes linking emissions to global warming, much less is known …

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1691 Views
101 Downloads

The SFD week conducted from 2nd to 5th April 2019, was a three-day conclave on sanitation that helped around 140 sector players, from across India and beyond, to not only learn from the deliberations that went by throughout the week but also witness and enjoy the serene atmosphere that AAETI offers.

Here, you find the external link to the SFD Week material (presentations, videos, pictures) on …

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1050 Views
59 Downloads

Climate change and its impacts can be seen in many regions around the world and is having a major effect on the large water cycle, resulting in rising sea levels, disrupted seasonal rainfall patterns, a rise in average global temperatures, droughts, heatwaves and more frequent extreme weather events.

These climate-related hazards have repercussions for the availability and continuity of water …

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837 Views
43 Downloads

By mid-century, the global urban population is projected to increase by 2.4 billion people with 60% of growth expected to take place in cites of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and South Asia (SA) (UN-DESA, 2015). These regions have some of the lowest rates of urban sanitation coverage and modern fuel access, with only 41% and 67% estimated to have access to improved sanitation and 19% and 55% estimated …

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981 Views
35 Downloads

In the light of the challenges faced by groundwater as a result of the ever increasing water demand due to population growth, refugee influxes, and economic growth in addition to groundwater depletion coupled with the negative impacts of climate change, it is necessary to identify and support the design of proactive measures to alleviate the effects of droughts and climate change adaptation …

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922 Views
10 Downloads

Water has always posed great challenges for the Middle East and North Africa. With rapid growth, regional instability, and climate change, these challenges are more pressing than ever. This report describes how the region’s current water challenges go far beyond age-old constraints of water scarcity. The report explores how countries can anticipate and act to strengthen water security, rather …

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711 Views
12 Downloads

Cooperation around shared water resources has the potential to promote trust between countries and to be an instrument for larger cooperation. This is highly important for the countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region where water scarcity and conflicts are a threat to enhanced well-­being. Sweden supports efforts to improve regional cooperation in MENA in order to achieve …

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758 Views
8 Downloads

Water, energy and food resources in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are in a critical situation in general but with interregional variations. Additional stressors are projected to aggravate the water, energy and food (WEF) insecurities, most prominently climate change impacts, population trends, conflict and refugees. Given that these resources are closely interlinked and …

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747 Views
3 Downloads

The Regional Overview underlines the urgency to develop and implement strategies for sustainable management of water resources and to adapt to the climate change impact on water and agriculture. The report documents several positive experiences in sustainable management of water resources and climate change adaptation in the region. It highlights the importance of accelerating investments aimed …

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2320 Views
0 Downloads

Water resources around the world are under increasing pressure: Population growth and urbanisation, climate change and rapid industrialisation, expanding and intensifying agricultural production, and increasing demand of water for industry and energy production are all putting pressure on water resources. Around the world, water scarcity and conflicts seriously undermine progress towards …

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990 Views
12 Downloads

Jordan faces dire environmental challenges. The country is ranked as having one of the lowest levels of water resource availability in the world. An already difficult situation is being exacerbated by a high influx of refugees and the impacts of climate change. In addition, Jordan is one of the few energy resource poor countries in the Middle East, with government debt levels having increased by …

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1122 Views
10 Downloads

The 1st International TPS Conference took place on the 28th to 31st of August 2013. It was well-attended and there were many vibrant discussions about TPS. Resources from the conference are now available on this page.

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Terra Preta Sanitation is an issue of growing concern in the light of water and sanitation, climate change, energy and soil protection. The International Terra Preta …

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1100 Views
28 Downloads

Habitat is a United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development held every 20 years. The 3rd conference took place in Quito, Ecuador on 17th to 20th October. Facing the fact that this century will see a substantial majority of the world’s population living in urban centers, the focus of Habitat III Conference was the adoption of a New Urban Agenda — an action-oriented …

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1275 Views
0 Downloads

Like many cities in India, the city of Nashik is also struggling with citywide Solid Waste and Wastewater management. Therefore, there is an urgent need for an integrated approach to solid waste and wastewater management on the one hand and control of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions on the other hand. The Waste to Energy Project in Nashik is one such solution through co-processing of septage …

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1926 Views
152 Downloads

Medium- and long-term planning for an adequate and safe supply of drinking-water should be set in the context of growing external uncertainties arising from changes in the climate and environment. The water safety plan (WSP) process offers a systematic framework to manage these risks by considering the implications of climate variability and change.

This document provides guidance on how …

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2647 Views
59 Downloads

In November 2011, Jefferson County, Alabama made world news by filing for the largest-ever American municipal bankruptcy. Bad housing loans? Pension liabilities too great? No, it was the huge cost of investing in new sewers that tipped them over the edge.

Around the same time, a thousand miles to the North, the municipalities on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, were holding public meetings to discuss …

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2118 Views
93 Downloads

2016 is a special year for the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and “Big Water” sectors: it marks the start of the 15-year period for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 2016 is also an important year for IRC, as it is the final year of our current five-year business plan.

The SDGs consist of 17 goals and 169 targets covering a wide range of sustainable development …

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2604 Views
38 Downloads

Safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are fundamental to an improved standard of living. Globally, 91% of households used improved drinking water sources in 2015, while for improved sanitation it is 68%. Wealth disparities are stark, with rural populations, slum dwellers and marginalized groups lagging significantly behind. Service coverage is significantly lower when considering …

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3790 Views
65 Downloads

Water is key to food security and nutrition. However there are many challenges for water, food security and nutrition, now and in the future, in the wider context of the nexus between water, land, soils, energy and food, given the objectives of inclusive growth and sustainable development. In this context, in October 2013, the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) requested the High Level Panel …

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5692 Views
0 Downloads

Providing adequate water supply and sanitation, particularly in urban areas, is a challenging task for governments throughout the world. This task is made even more difficult due to predicted dramatic global changes. Population growth, urbanisation, increasing industrialisation, climate change and a steep increase in water consumption are putting pressure on urban water resources. In order to …

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4890 Views
160 Downloads

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107 Downloads

9217 Views
859 Downloads

10300 Views
67 Downloads

5586 Views
79 Downloads

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25 Downloads

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1457 Downloads

11456 Views
173 Downloads

4024 Views
27 Downloads

6896 Views
727 Downloads

9413 Views
452 Downloads

Sustainable sanitation projects can contribute to both climate change mitigation (through energy or nutrient recovery) and to climate change adaptation (through innovative sanitation systems and wastewater management).

Measures of renewable energy production consist basically of either biogas production from waste water or biomass production through the use of waste water to grow short …

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