Sanitation Library

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93 Views
6 Downloads

The Aquaya Institute is conducting this research on urban sanitation economics under the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative. This brief is on sanitation policies, practices, and preferences in the city of Nakuru, Kenya.

SUMMARY

• Nakuru County in Kenya is a leader in advancing sanitation and piloting sanitation improvement programs.
• The majority of low-income residents use unlined …

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170 Views
12 Downloads

The main objective of this paper is to review the literature on and compare the lifecycle costs of full sanitation chain systems in developing cities of Africa and Asia. Overall, financial cost reporting methodologies have been inconsistent and many studies only focus on capital costs or do not report cost data on desludging, transport and treatment. In addition, a comparative analysis of raw …

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167 Views
10 Downloads

In rural areas of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) without reliable piped water supply, the conventional school sanitation system – the pit latrine – is leading to hygienic and environmental problems. Urine diverting dry toilets (UDDT) have been demonstrated to be an alternative, ecological sanitation solution for rural schools of the EECCA region. This study compares the …

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309 Views
0 Downloads

The 6th International Dry Toilet Conference 2018 was held in Tampere, Finland on 22nd – 24th August 2018. The theme of the conference was Dry Toilet Goes Circular with a focus on Cooperation, Co-creation and Experimentation.

Please find the oral presentations and poster presentations below via the links to the page of the GlobalDry Toilet association of Finland.

***** Oral …

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378 Views
54 Downloads

This library entry contains several documents produced by the SCI-FI project which wa led by Shubhagato Dasgupta and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Name of lead organization: Centre for Policy Research
Primary contact at lead organization: Shubhagato Dasgupta, Senior Fellow
Grantee location: New Delhi, India
Developing country where the research is being carried out: …

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359 Views
0 Downloads

Various latrine options, including a Ventilated Improved Pit, Simple Pit Latrine, Kumasi Ventilated Improved Pit, Enviro Loo waterless Toilet, Composting latrine, Urine Diverting Dry Toilet, Pour-Flush Toilet without Water-Seal,
Installed On Direct Pit (Ventilated Pit), Pour-flushed toilets, Pour-Flush Toilet with Water-Seal,
Installed On Ventilated Pit, and Biofil Toilet.

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396 Views
0 Downloads

Leading by example: A dry toilet at a private residence in Germany which doesn't need any flush water was installed. It is odour-free, thanks to the fact that dry faeces don't smell. It is produced by Separett in Sweden.

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749 Views
92 Downloads

Project implementers, practitioners and researchers within the areas of urban and rural ecological and sustainable sanitation, organic waste management and agricultural reuse participated in the International Conference on Sustainable Sanitation on 26-29 August 2007 in Dongsheng, China in order to share experiences and best practices. The presentations of this conference are available as PDF on …

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718 Views
38 Downloads

The International Conference on Sustainable Sanitation "Water and Food Security for Latin America" was organized by Ecosanlac and the Federal University of Ceará with support of the IWA specialist group. It took place from 26-29 November 2007 in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil and became a very successful event and exceeded the expectations of the organizers.

During four days, more than 200 local …

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519 Views
91 Downloads

From 14-17 October 2008, the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) convened the international symposium on “Coupling Sustainable Sanitation and Groundwater Protection” in Hannover, Germany, in order to highlight the immense problems of groundwater pollution due to absent or inadequate sanitation facilities in developing countries.

Together with international …

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504 Views
56 Downloads

The 3rd International Dry Toilet Conference was held in Tampere, Finland, on 12-15 August 2009 and was organised by the Global Dry Toilet Association of Finland in cooperation with Tampere University of Technology, University of Tampere and Tampere University for Applied Sciences.

184 delegates from 47 countries gathered together to discuss various aspects of dry/ecological sanitation.The main …

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404 Views
21 Downloads

The SuSanA workshop aimed at capacity building for the Water Supply and Sanitation Authorities (WSSA) from seven towns in Tanzania which participate in the program called „Seven Towns Upgrading Program“ financed by the EU water facility and KfW (grant financed). This program is contracted out by the Tanzanian Ministry of Finance and managed by the Ministry of Water and Irrigation. It covers …

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642 Views
55 Downloads

A conference in cooperation between DWA and BMBF with the title "New water infrastructure concepts for urban planning" took place at the headquarters of the GIZ in Eschborn from 6 to 7 November, 2012. The conference language was German.

The first day of the conference the results of the SANIRESCH project were presented. The second day was devoted to sessions regarding "Integration of …

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638 Views
28 Downloads

A Bio-latrine is low maintenance system comprising a combination of a toilet and a bio-digester unit. It can be constructed using local materials and requires no machinery or fuel input other than human waste. This brief looks at the option of using bio-latrines, an on-site dry toilet technology which generates fertilising materials and fuel from the human excreta.

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518 Views
13 Downloads

Traditional alternatives have included: lined pit latrines, raised latrines and urine diverting dry toilets (UDDTs). These alternatives might be suitable in addressing the unfavourable ground conditions, but are not necessarily able to address the constraints encountered in the urban environment. For this reason agencies have started to take a closer look at some of the newer container based …

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626 Views
20 Downloads

Rural coastal areas of islands in the South Pacific are often characterized by shallow groundwater and are prone to floods. The prevalent pit-based sanitation (i.e. ‘bush’, Dry, and Pour-Flush Toilets) may cause microbiological and chemical groundwater contamination. Floods involve the risk of spreading pathogens in the environment and may cause toilets to be inoperable. Composting Toilets …

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798 Views
0 Downloads

The goal of this project was to develop several prototypes of a mechanised, pedal-operated, low-cost, easy-to-use, odourless urine-diverting dry toilet (UDDT).

Chuck was interviewed by Elisabeth von Muench on 22 March 2014 at Taj Palace Hotel in Delhi, India. Filmed by Arno Rosemarin (SEI) during the "Reinvent the Toilet Fair".

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21 Downloads

Mokhada is located at the foot of the Deccan Trap system. The soil is made of early Eocene basalt layers of volcanic origin. Igneous soils such as basalt are usually productive in terms of aquifer as they have a double storage capacity – they are porous due to the nature of the stone and they are cracked due to the structure of the rock formation. They have a good porosity and a high …

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1049 Views
26 Downloads

In the world of sanitation, cost is often mentioned as important though seldom scrutinized. Perhaps strange is one considers that cost is one of the main reported reasons for people not having a toilet. Reducing costs while maintaining quality is a key driver of WASTE’s sanitation programmes. Yet even in our own programmes it is notoriously difficult to compare costs of sanitation systems …

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755 Views
11 Downloads

Establecer pautas sanitarias de calidad, comunes para todo el país, para el uso adecuado de baños secos con separación de orina a fin de prevenir riesgos.

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2137 Views
210 Downloads

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Find below in chronological order the presentations held …

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2028 Views
100 Downloads

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Find below in chronological order the presentations held …

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1961 Views
27 Downloads

This paper presents the general sanitation practices by the traders in a major market in Kuje located in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja and our efforts in reorientating the market stakeholders towards the provision and use of a new dry sanitation toilet complex. The market is known for its diversity in Nigerian ethnicity, culture and the variety of goods and services. A novel toilet …

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2156 Views
9 Downloads

Safe access to water and sanitation is an issue of global concern and a challenge posed through national policy as a human right to achieve the benefit of these basic services for all Bolivians.

Thanks to that approach, progress has been made significant achievements in increasing households today have improved their quality of life with water supply and sanitation services in their …

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3189 Views
106 Downloads

This guide presents a toilet system that you can do yourself without relying on a coordinated and timely response by someone else. This system served after earthquakes destroyed sanitation systems in Haiti and New Zealand. This guide is for planning ahead and preparing kits, whether for yourself, your household, your apartment building, or your block. This flexible system is built around …

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3560 Views
103 Downloads

Since 1900's, anaerobic biogas digester had been applied successfully in Asian countries like India, Nepal and China, treating cow manure, pig excreta, organic waste or a combination of them, providing not only biogas, which is used as source of energy, but also slurry used as soil conditioner.

During last 20 years in India, different government and private institutions promoted the use of …

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5364 Views
95 Downloads

In 2012, the Water Research Commission, together with the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation, took a strategic decision to develop capacity in Africa to deal with faecal sludge management. This initiative, known as the Sanitation Research Fund for Africa (SRFA) Project, provides an exclusive research and development grant of up to US$200 000 to African institutions and organisations.

12 …

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3374 Views
395 Downloads

The Global Dry Toilet Association of Finland organizes an International Dry Toilet Conference every three years in Tampere, Finland. The 5th conference took place at the Tampere University of Applied Sciences on 19th to 22nd of August 2015. The theme was Dry Toilet Conference 2015 – Solutions. The conference is an excellent platform for all actors working with ecological sanitation to network …

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9408 Views
104 Downloads

Only little information exists about the use of squat toilets in different regions of the world. This survey uses the experience of professionals and practitioners involved in different water and sanitation programs to collect more information about the use and prevalence of squatting toilets, with an emphasis on Muslim and Buddhist countries.
The purpose of the survey was to get …

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2825 Views
37 Downloads

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Marc Deshusses is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Further Information is also available on the discussion Forum (see link below).

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0 Downloads

The Third International Faecal Sludge Management Conference was held in Hanoi from the 18th to the 21st of January 2015. More than 700 delegates from around the world shared ideas and discussed challenges and opportunities in on-site sanitation.

Below you find the list of papers in chronological order by day (Day 1-3) and room (room 1-3 ). In order to search by author, simply press "Ctrl+F" …

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6353 Views
158 Downloads

The absence of sewers and roads at backcountry sites makes the management of human excreta offensive, intensive, and expensive. Proper management is essential in order to prevent deleterious pathogen and nutrient discharge. The dearth of resources, vague certification standards, absence of monitoring, and erroneous popular perception have caused misapplication of systems and mismanagement of end …

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7227 Views
0 Downloads

The book highlights the experience of implementing the Erdos Eco-Town Project in Inner Mongolia, China, the largest-scale urban ecological sanitation project to date.

The need for improved sanitation around the world is becoming a crisis, and the situation is particularly critical in urban and peri-urban areas in developing countries. Here the population is growing rapidly, and where …

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3318 Views
34 Downloads

2896 Views
49 Downloads

A coherent national policy on sanitation and hygiene is critical for raising the profile of the sanitation and hygiene sector and for improving access to safe and hygienic sanitation facilities. However, policy alone is not adequate. In Rwanda, like many other developing countries, it remains a mammoth challenge to translate policy on sanitation and hygiene into practice.

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2958 Views
34 Downloads

This fact sheet describes how the Tarumitra Bio-reserve and Ecology Centre in Patna, northern India, is supporting a sustainable sanitation project through demonstration and education.

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2981 Views
41 Downloads

This fact sheet describes a pilot project that supported construction of household ecological sanitation (ecosan) toilets specially adapted to be resistant to seasonal flooding, in a poor rural community in India's Bihar State.

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3158 Views
38 Downloads

5799 Views
103 Downloads

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Chris Buckley is leading and which is funded by the WSH Program of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation under the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge (RTTC) Round 1, Phase 2.

Further information is available on the discussion forum, see link below.

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4526 Views
297 Downloads

Model of the sanitary unit with dry toilet, urinal, shower and hand-washing that Fundación Sumaj Huasi has been developing in El Alto, Bolivia.

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4019 Views
108 Downloads

This project investigated the potential for modifying the pour flush design, which is used widely in Asia, to meet the needs of the South African context. The development and application of pour flush systems in Asia was studied. Three case studies were conducted to investigate the experience of South Africans with low flush systems in the past and related technologies were surveyed. A prototype …

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2314 Downloads

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800 Downloads

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70 Downloads

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49 Downloads

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34 Downloads

7281 Views
743 Downloads

Intorducción

El presente manual de construcción de baños ecológicos secos, cisternas de captación pluvial y filtros para agua de lluvia y aguas jabonosas sólo ha sido posible gracias a la experiencia del proyecto “École para la vida. Cuidar el agua es cuidar de nuestra salud y entorno. De cómo hacer baños secos en Tlalcozotitlán Guerrero”.

Dicho proyecto generado en la …

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11465 Views
511 Downloads

3762 Views
66 Downloads

This presentation was given at the first advanced training course of the German Toilet Organisation (GTO) in Berlin on the 3-4 March 2012. More infos and presentations from the training are available in the SuSanA library from http://www.susana.org/lang-en/conference-and-training-materials/materials-of-trainings/2012/241-2012/705-advanced-sanitation-training-course-for-german-ngos.

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79 Downloads

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62 Downloads

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62 Downloads

There are thousands of public and private mountain refuges located in the alpine regions. The increased number of visitors has raised the concerns on the environmental impact on the sensitive ecosystems.
To ensure sustainability, integrated management of the alpine infrastructure is needed. Water supply, energy, wastewater treatment and solid waste management need to be assessed together for …

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12 Downloads

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267 Downloads

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245 Downloads

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The estimation of transportation costs, which will allow operators to make profit, is affordable to majority of residents in study area and as such there is a high chance for O&M of UDDTs to succeed in Arusha municipality. The important issue here is for the Municipal authority to establish resource-oriented section within the sanitation department to coordinate the process?There has been …

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79 Downloads

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50 Downloads

4370 Views
74 Downloads

During the last years EcoSan Club was partner of the ROSA project. The ROSA (Resource-Oriented Sanitation concepts for peri-urban areas in Africa) project proposed resources-oriented sanitation concepts as a route to sustainable sanitation and was funded within the EU 6th Framework Programme, Sub-priority "Global Change and Ecosystems". The project had duration from October 2006 to March 2010 and …

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All over the world many communities or houses are served by de-centralized water supplies such as standpipes, wells or springs. In many places, even if a centralized water supply system is in place, the system may be regularly interrupted and/or the sewage system may be lacking. These circumstances make the selection of a safe, comfortable and environmentally friendly waterless toilet a nice …

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