SuSanA Indian Chapter Library

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Reset

Are you a teacher and looking for training materials?

Our School Activity Collection assembles various activities on the vital topics of WASH, energy conservation, biodiversity and waste management.

Have a look

 

2262 Views
218 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

19th SanCoP meeting on Container Based Sanitation

The meeting's focus was to develop a shared understanding of the Container Based Sanitation (CBS) industry, to consider the use of Sanitation Safety Planning (SSP) to improve health outcomes, and to generate discussion and knowledge sharing to improve risk management in CBS.

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4351 Views
29 Downloads

 

5130 Views
408 Downloads

Peal, A., Evans, B., Blackett, I., Hawkins, P., Heymans, C. (2015)

A Review of Fecal Sludge Management in 12 Cities
(Final Draft)

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4037 Views
232 Downloads

 

2530 Views
44 Downloads

Tiberghien, J.-E. et al. (2016)

A tale of clean cities:
Insights for planning urban sanitation from Ghana, India and the Philippines

Uncontrolled urbanisation and proliferation of slums makes development of urban sanitation a big challenge. To contribute to the efforts towards the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of universal access to sanitation, the research A tale of clean cities aimed to learn from three cities that are performing well in sanitation: Kumasi, Ghana; San Fernando, the Philippines; and Visakhapatnam, …

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4421 Views
2 Downloads

 

3480 Views
61 Downloads

 

696 Views
24 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Addressing Urban Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
Capacity Needs Assessment

Recognising city-level capacity limitations for decentralised sanitation planning and implementation in India, the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) appointed the National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) as the anchor organisation for a Sanitation Capacity Building Platform (SCBP) to support cities in their sanitation planning and implementation. NIUA partnered with CAWST,2 a capacity …

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296 Views
21 Downloads

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, GIZ (2018)

Advisory on Public and Community Toilet Management - SNUSP II

Government of India’s (GoI’s) Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) was announced on October 2nd, 2014 with a target of making India open defecation free by October 2nd, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Given that 12% of country’s urban households defecate in the open as per Census 2011, the provision of clean and well maintained PT / CT facilities requires immediate and focused …

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3953 Views
43 Downloads

 

4095 Views
18 Downloads

 

196 Views
20 Downloads

Laramee, J. E. (2017)

Assessing Lifecycle Costs and Benefits of Integrated Sanitation and Energy Recovery Strategies in low-income Countries (PhD thesis)

By mid-century, the global urban population is projected to increase by 2.4 billion people with 60% of growth expected to take place in cites of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and South Asia (SA) (UN-DESA, 2015). These regions have some of the lowest rates of urban sanitation coverage and modern fuel access, with only 41% and 67% estimated to have access to improved sanitation and 19% and 55% estimated …

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4961 Views
78 Downloads

Potter, A. (2011)

Assessing sanitation service levels
Working Paper 3

The purpose of this working paper is to set out sanitation service levels to be applied as an analytical tool for WASHCost research on the disaggregated unit costs of water, sanitation and hygiene services. It should be read together with Working Paper 2: Ladders for assessing and costing water service delivery1 (Moriarty et al., 2010) which introduces
the concept of service levels, service …

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4141 Views
57 Downloads

 

3913 Views
6 Downloads

 

3997 Views
26 Downloads

 

4559 Views
33 Downloads

Muellegger, E., Langergraber, G., Lechner, M. (eds.) (2013)

Behaviour change

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5335 Views
0 Downloads

GIZ (2018)

Best Practices on Solid Waste Management in India
English and Hindi Versions - SNUSP II

Case study tutorials under the Swachh Bharat Mission of the Government of India.

The Kochi module reflects the best practices on source segregation of waste as exemplified by the Kochi Municipal Corporation. The case study shows how source segregation, composting, stringent legal system coupled with multi-stakeholder participation leads to effective waste managemnet in urban places which are …

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3577 Views
11 Downloads

 

950 Views
0 Downloads

Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (2014)

Bincy Baby: eToilet Imperial Model (Eram Scientific, India) - demonstration of exhibits, Part 2

Eram developed India's first electronic public toilet, the 'eToilet', with unique automated features to maximize user experience (e.g. payment mechanism, doors, washing mechanisms). In this project, Eram proposes to refine the eToilet by minimizing water requirements, improving sterilization mechanisms, and reducing necessary power consumption. The final eToilet will be a completely standalone …

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2104 Views
100 Downloads

Jha, P. K. (2014)

Bio-gas yields from Toilet Linked Biogas Plants in Nausari / Valsad District, Gujarat, India

Biogas from cow dung with or without toilet linkage is in practice for over 3 decades in India. It
is supported by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India and State
Governments. However, the toilet linked biogas plant programme could not get required momentum, even
though it has several advantages.
To overcome the problem, the additional economic importance / advantages of …

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4926 Views
174 Downloads

 

5423 Views
151 Downloads

 

3936 Views
115 Downloads

 

3316 Views
23 Downloads

Kapur, A., Choudhury, P.R., Srinivas, V. (2016)

Budget briefs: Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM)
GOI, 2016-17

Using government data, this brief reports on trends for SBM Gramin along the following parameters:

•Allocations and expenditures
•Physical progress of toilets built
•Expenditures incurred under Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities

In addition, this brief reports findings from a fund tracking survey (PAISA) conducted in December 2015. The survey covered close to …

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2223 Views
58 Downloads

India Sanitation Coalition (2017)

Business of Change: Corporates in sanitation

This compendium is an initial collection of case studies on sanitation initiatives, and highlights how companies are engaging in the sector and supporting the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) launched by Prime Minister Modi. These interventions show how CSR spends are increasingly being used in sanitation. It is very encouraging to see how these companies have developed thoughtful projects to support …

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5988 Views
663 Downloads

Munyana, S. et al. (2013)

Catalyzing Sanitation Businesses
Various documents on results from research grant

This library entry contains background documents and results for a grant that Sherina Munyana is leading and which is funded by the WSH Program of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation under the grant category "Other".

Further information and a discussion is available on the SuSanA discussion Forum, see link below.

Short description of the project:
With funding from the Bill & Melinda …

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530 Views
43 Downloads

UMC (2012)

City Sanitation Plan, Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation had invited Urban Management Centre to prepare the City Sanitation Plan for Ahmedabad for AMC jurisdiction in July 2011. UMC conducted field visits to assess the status of municipal services, establish relationship between statistical data provided by ULBs and ground realities. UMC summarized the findings and presented proposals to fill in the gaps in sanitation …

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8384 Views
1189 Downloads

 

4005 Views
79 Downloads

 

2018 Views
27 Downloads

Ministry of Human Resource Development (2014)

Clean India: Clean Schools
A Handbook

Swachh Bharat: Swachh Vidyalaya is the national campaign driving ‘Clean India: Clean Schools’. A key feature of
the campaign is to ensure that every school in India has a set of functioning and well maintained water, sanitation
and hygiene facilities. Water, sanitation and hygiene in schools refers to a combination of technical and human
development components that are necessary to produce …

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6245 Views
255 Downloads

 

375 Views
0 Downloads

Sumedh, M. (2018)

Community-Based Approaches to Tackle Open Defecation in Rural India: Theory, Evidence and Policies

Open defecation (OD), an age-old practice in India, impacts the health of individuals as well as their communities. To tackle the problem, the Government of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in 2014, aimed at making the country open-defecation free (ODF) by October 2019 by giving more attention to community-based approaches. However, while such approaches have helped solve the …

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903 Views
14 Downloads

Lala, S., Cronic, A.A., Basu, M., Nirvana, J. (2017)

Conceptualizing a Hybrid Framework to Help Improve Gender Outcomes in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programs in India

A gender-sensitive approach to ensure equity in WASH programs can achieve positive and sustainable outcomes, including participatory decisionmaking and empowerment of women. Gender analysis frameworks have a long history in development practice to guide strengthened gender outcomes, and opportunities exist to learn from such frameworks to support implementation of WASH programs in developing …

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2726 Views
35 Downloads

Jacob, N., von Falkenhausen, A., Bauer, M. (2017)

Corporate Engagement in Sanitation
Synthesis Document - SuSanA Indian Chapter online discussion

Under the umbrella of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, the India Sanitation Coalition in partnership with SuSanA, held a four-week thematic discussion on exploring opportunities and challenges of corporate engagement in sanitation. This synthesis is a summary of all topics discussed in the forum about corporate engagement.
The discussion not only focussed on corporate engage-ment via Corporate Social …

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2656 Views
59 Downloads

Saxena, S., Nath, V., Shahpuri, A., Bauer, M. (2017)

Corporates in Sanitation - The value proposition
White Paper

Content
- Background
- Why Sanitation
- Defined Forms of Engagement
- Investing Strategically into Sanitation
- The Role of the India Sanitation Coalition

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2124 Views
94 Downloads

Various authors (2016)

CSE Workshop on Mainstreaming Citywide Sanitation: Opportunities and Challenges for Excreta Management

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) organised a two day workshop on “Mainstreaming Citywide Sanitation: Opportunities and Challenges for Excreta Management” from April 4-5, 2016 in New Delhi. The objective of the workshop was to promote active exchange of experiences of national and international opportunities and challenges in excreta management. The workshop was attended by over …

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4461 Views
24 Downloads

Wafler, M., Heeb, J., Bartels, H., Werner, C., Macwan, M., Gnanakan, K. (2005)

Current state of ecosan pilot projects in India supported by seecon gmbh and GTZ

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11462 Views
429 Downloads

 

6114 Views
583 Downloads

 

4058 Views
107 Downloads

 

5151 Views
191 Downloads

 

5035 Views
117 Downloads

 

2642 Views
20 Downloads

 

3154 Views
39 Downloads

 

5036 Views
102 Downloads

 

4876 Views
78 Downloads

 

521 Views
17 Downloads

UMC Technical Support Unit-NULM, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) (2018)

Empowering Marginalized Groups - Convergence Between SBM and DAY-NULM

Empowering Marginalized Groups- Convergence Between SBM and DAY-NULM is a guideline on convergence between Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) and Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana -National Urban Livelihood Mission (DAY-NULM). The guidelines are a ready reckoner for the government functionaries at the national, state and Urban Local Body (ULB) level to bring recognition to sanitation as a major livelihood …

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1815 Views
26 Downloads

Nandan, V., Dua, S. (2014)

Enabling Systems for Improved Municipal Solid Waste Management in Cities
Making way for a clean and healthy India

This factsheet was published by the Support to National Urban Sanitation Policy-Project by GIZ India to give an overview of ways that this project apporaches to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in urban areas.

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3234 Views
20 Downloads

 

3762 Views
11 Downloads

 

34 Views
0 Downloads

Sykes, V., Chitty, A., Ensink, J., EstevesMills, J. (2015)

Estimating the Potential Impact of Sanitary Child Stool Disposal Policy Brief

This policy brief highlights the often overlooked and enormous potential of hygienic child stool disposal to considerably reduce the prevalence of diarrhoeal diseases.It features new evidence on the determinants of child stool disposal and offers recommendations for the WASH and health sectors.

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10052 Views
1708 Downloads

 

4383 Views
27 Downloads

 

3793 Views
5 Downloads

 

3958 Views
43 Downloads

 

344 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
An Orientation Module (Part A: Learning Notes)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

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299 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
An Orientation Module (Part B: Presentation Slides)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

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321 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
An Orientation Module (Part C: Reading and Reference Material)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

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388 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
An Orientation Module (Part A: Learning Notes) (In Hindi)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralised sanitation, septage and wastewater have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

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286 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
An Advanced Training Module (Part A: Participant Kit)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralised sanitation, septage and wastewater have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

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314 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
An Advanced Training Module (Part B: Learners' Note)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

read more & download …

 

303 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
Training of Trainers (ToT) Module (Part A: Presentation Slides)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

read more & download …

 

311 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
Training of Trainers (ToT) Module (Part B: Reference Material)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

read more & download …

 

416 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
An Orientation Module for Rajashtan (Part A: Presentation Slides)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

read more & download …

 

366 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management An Orientation Module for Rajashtan
An Orientation Module for Rajasthan (Part B: Reading and Reference Material)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

read more & download …

 

1516 Views
57 Downloads

NIUA and UMC (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management: An Orientation Module

The Handbook is an initiative of Sanitation Capacity Building Platform (SCBP) to build capacities in Feacal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) for officials of urban local bodies (ULB), para state technical agencies, administrators and professionals from the private sector and Non-governmental Organizations. It is meant to be freely used by any can organization (public or private), national and …

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510 Views
115 Downloads

Tayler, K. (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment
A guide for Low and Middle Income Countries

This book deals with the treatment of faecal material and supernatant water removed from on-site and decentralized sanitation facilities and systems. Its main focus is on treatment facility design but this can never be viewed in isolation. Rather, it must reflect local conditions, start from a realistic assessment of the load on the plant, and take account of the final destination of the liquid …

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2541 Views
182 Downloads

 

578 Views
7 Downloads

Furlong, C., Gibson, W. T., Oak, A., Patankar, R. (2015)

Faecal sludge treatment by vermifiltration
proof of concept

The objective of this study was to determine if composting worms and their cocoons are able to survive in and digest faecal sludge. Eighteen vermifilters with different worm and cocoon densities were set-up, fed with faecal sludge (from portable pour-flush toilets) and ran for 38 days. Samples of the sludge, effluent and vermicompost were analysed for pH, total solids, chemical oxygen demand, …

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1533 Views
16 Downloads

Simha, P., et al. (2017)

Farmer attitudes and perceptions to the re–use of fertiliser products from resource–oriented sanitation systems
The case of Vellore, South India

Abstract:
Relatively little research has been conducted to date on farmer attitudes towards the use of fertilisers from resource–oriented sanitation systems. This study employed a psycho–sociological approach to identify factors that encourage, or discourage, negative and positive attitudes to human waste recycling among farmers in southern India. A survey involving face–to–face …

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10180 Views
206 Downloads

 

4107 Views
64 Downloads

Various authors (2012)

Fecal Sludge Omni-Ingestor (FSOI) suite of technologies for fecal sludge emptying and transport
Various documents on results from research grant

This project is being carried out under a contract agreement with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

+++++++++++
Documents available for download below:

1 - Frederick, R., Gurski, T. (2012): Synapse Dewatering Investigation Report, Consultancy report by Synapse (USA) commissioned by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, USA

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3407 Views
7 Downloads

Sathaye, J., Price, L., de la Rue du Can, S., Fridley, D. (2005)

Fertiliser Production in India

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208 Views
11 Downloads

ADB (2016)

Financing Mechanisms for Wastewater and Sanitation

Financing sewerage and sanitation projects can be in several forms. In Kitakyushu, Japan, the central government provided subsidy to the city government in the construction of sewer lines and wastewater treatment plants. In Alandur, India, the municipality worked with a private sector partner in constructing and operating a sewerage treatment plant. In Dumaguete City, Philippines, the city …

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4260 Views
17 Downloads

 

3231 Views
25 Downloads

Post, V., Athreye, V. (2015)

Financing Sanitation Paper Series #1
An overview of the financial instruments for sanitation used in FINISH programmes in India and Kenya

The Financing Sanitation Paper Series is a unique collection of six articles about different aspects of sustainable financing of sanitation (in emerging markets) - from financial inclusion to private funding and from micro insurance to climate financing.

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2181 Views
40 Downloads

Barot, N., Ramisetty, M., Kapur, D. (2016)

Formative research to develop appropriate participatory approaches towards water, sanitation and hygiene in rural areas

Most sanitation promotion approaches are only partially successful in providing short term increases in sanitation coverage and usage. Behaviour change communication messages designed as marketing interventions often fail to address deeper underlying causes of resistance behind people’s reluctance to adopt improved and safe sani-tation and hygiene. This study was undertaken with the objective …

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652 Views
5 Downloads

Kapur, D., Ramisetty, M., Barot, N. (2016)

Formative Research to Develop Appropriate Participatory Approaches towards Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Rural Areas

Most sanitation promotion approaches are only partially successful in providing short term increases in sanitation coverage and usage. BCC messages designed as marketing interventions often fail to address deeper underlying
causes of resistance behind people’s reluctance to adopt improved and safe sanitation and hygiene (or even physical barriers like water availability).

This study was an …

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816 Views
2 Downloads

Baker KK, Padhi B, Torondel B, Das P, Dutta A, Sahoo, K. C., Das, B., Dreibelbis, R., Caruso, B., Freeman, M. C., Sager, L., Panigrahi, P. (2017)

From menarche to menopause: A population-based assessment of water, sanitation, and hygiene risk factors for reproductive tract infection symptoms over life stages in rural girls and women in India

Women face greater challenges than men in accessing water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) resources to address their daily needs, and may respond to these challenges by adopting unsafe practices that increase the risk of reproductive tract infections (RTIs). WASH practices may change as women transition through socially-defined life stage experiences, like marriage and pregnancy. Thus, the …

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1174 Views
66 Downloads

Jacob, N. (2018)

From missing market incentives to misaligned incentives. What is choking India’s rural sanitation progress?
Synthesis Document - SuSanA India Chapter thematic online discussion

Under the umbrella of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, the India Sanitation Coalition in partnership with Population Services International (PSI) and SuSanA, held a four-week thematic discussion on India's national rural sanitation programme, the Swachh Bharat Mission‐Gramin (SBM‐G).

Starting point for the discussion were findings from a PSI policy landscape study that reviewed existing …

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6642 Views
1680 Downloads

Blackett, I. and Hawkins, P. (2017)

FSM Innovation Case Studies
Case Studies on the Business, Policy and Technology of Faecal Sludge Management (second edition)

Worldwide, 2.7 billion people rely on onsite sanitation and more than 4.5 billion people do not have access to safely managed sanitation services. Yet, in many places there is still no management system in place to deal with the faecal sludge (e.g. septage and pit latrine sludge) from such systems. This results in the faecal waste often being dumped directly into the immediate residential …

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618 Views
44 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - The Key Role of FSM in Modern Urban Sanitation Systems
Chennai, India

The fourth conference on developments in Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) took place in Chennai, India where the State Government recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots.

The conference aimed at bringing together professionals working in the sector, including utilities, service providers, cities, governments, …

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2419 Views
30 Downloads

Nath, V., Bauer, M. (2017)

FSSM matters: Looking Forward
Ushering A New Era in Sanitation Value Chain Management in Rajasthan

Output document of the India Sanitation Coalition Insights event in Jaipur to discuss whether it is time to consider Fecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) as an effective and long-term solution in the sanitation value chain.

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478 Views
26 Downloads

CAWST (2018)

Gramalaya in India Sanitation Case Study

CAWST’s Sanitation Case Studies give detailed overviews of different latrine programs. Each case study describes how the implementer(s) addressed seven components of latrine programs, and what challenges they have faced.

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4770 Views
106 Downloads

 

35 Views
0 Downloads

Sangram Keshari Sahoo (2018)

Guddi
Award winning short film on water

A school bag (representing Guddi’s dream) and earthen water pot (representing Guddi’s life) are in conversation about who is more important in Guddi’s life – the bag or the water pot. The school bag blames the water pot saying that Guddi’s dream was to go to school and be a doctor, but she had to choose life instead of her dream. The water pot says it is because of deforestation that …

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481 Views
23 Downloads

Government of Gujarat (2015)

Guidelines for Open Defecation Free Gujarat

This guideline is a ready reckoner for Urban Local Bodies of Gujarat to achieve Open Defecation Free cities/towns. The document has been prepared based on the National guidelines of Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).
The document highlights strategies for achieving OD free settlements include but are not limited to:
1. Ensuring adequacy of toilets –individual and public toilets and Effective …

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1024 Views
69 Downloads

Swachha Andhra Corporation (SAC (2016)

Guidelines for Public and Community Toilets Management
By Cities in Andrah Pradesh - SNUSP II

Elimination of open defecation is one of the key components of the Swachh Andhra Mission. In order to achieve open defecation free towns, ensuring adequacy through construction of toilets –individual, community and public toilets and effective operations and maintenance is the strategic approach which the scheme emphasizes. Individual Household Toilet (IHHT) is a major component of the SBM. …

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3784 Views
86 Downloads

 

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126 Downloads

 

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123 Downloads

Coffey, D., Spears, D. (2014)

How can a large sample survey monitor open defecation in rural India for the Swatch Bharat Abhiyan?
Working Draft

Based on the results, the following recommendations to any organization considering a large-scale, India-wide sample survey to monitor open defecation, latrine use, and progress towards the Swatchh Bharat Mission in rural India are made:

1. Ask about open defecation as part of an existing survey that already includes a household roster.

2. Ask about open defecation and latrine use …

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89 Downloads

 

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33 Downloads

 

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26 Downloads

Dube, R. (2015)

Improving lives
The road to 100% city sanitation

This impact brochure introduces the reader to the main objectives and interventions of the project and highlights hands-on experiences from the ground. The main focus of this brochure lies on showing the impact of the project SNUSP on people living in cities, institutional processes such as sanitation planning and policy making at national, state and city level.

Finally it provides insights …

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1 Downloads

 

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0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Integrated Wastewater and Septage Management
Training of Trainers (ToT) Module (Part A: Learning Notes)

There are centralized and decentralized / on site systems of treatment of wastewater and septage. While conventional sewerage may be a comprehensive system for sewage collection and transport, it also is a highly resource intensive technology for CapEx and OpEx. Consequently, high capital cost and significant O&M cost of this system inhibits its widespread adoption in all sizes of urban …

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267 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Integrated Wastewater and Septage Management
Training of Trainers (ToT) Module (Part B: Presentation Slides)

Integrated Wastewater and Septage Management Module

The Module provides a good understanding of the landscape of waste water and urban sanitation challenges and a conceptual understanding of waste water and septage treatment systems. The module looks at a city/town waste water and sanitation lansdcape and explore technology solutions. Part C of the Manual is for Trainers. Part A and Part B …

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293 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Integrated Wastewater and Septage Management
Training of Trainers (ToT) Module (Part C: Trainer's Manual)

Integrated Wastewater and Septage Management Module

The Module provides a good understanding of the landscape of waste water and urban sanitation challenges and a conceptual understanding of waste water and septage treatment systems. The module looks at a city/town waste water and sanitation lansdcape and explore technology solutions. Part C of the Manual is for Trainers. Part A and Part B …

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297 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Integrated Wastewater and Septage Management
Training of Trainers (ToT) Module (Part A: Learning Notes) (In Hindi)

There are centralized and decentralized / on site systems of treatment of wastewater and septage. While conventional sewerage may be a comprehensive system for sewage collection and transport, it also is a highly resource intensive technology for CapEx and OpEx. Consequently, high capital cost and significant O&M cost of this system inhibits its widespread adoption in all sizes of urban …

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271 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2017)

Integrated Wastewater and Septage Management
Training of Trainers (ToT) Module (Part B: Presentation Slides) (In Hindi)

Integrated Wastewater and Septage Management Module

The Module provides a good understanding of the landscape of waste water and urban sanitation challenges and a conceptual understanding of waste water and septage treatment systems. The module looks at a city/town waste water and sanitation lansdcape and explore technology solutions. Part C of the Manual is for Trainers. Part A and Part B …

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334 Downloads

 

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18 Downloads

 

3249 Views
96 Downloads

Walther, D. (2016)

Introducing City Sanitation Plan - SNUSP II
Practitioner's Manual

“Introducing City Sanitation Plan: A Practitioners Manual” is a culmination of the long drawn process in introducing the importance of CSP for city development. It aims - to sensitize practitioners (key ULB level officials, decision makers, city engineers etc.) to the importance and significance of the CSP as a planning and guidance tool; to support them in understanding key concepts of the …

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1452 Views
17 Downloads

Walther, D. et al. (2015)

Introducing City Sanitation Plan - SNUSP II
Trainer's Manual

Ensuring citywide sanitation is challenging and needs strategic planning as well as involvement of various actors /agencies, such as decision makers at state and city level, city engineers and technical experts in areas of urban planning, sanitation, technical infrastructure and financing. One of the main requirements in establishing a citywide sanitation system on the ground is strong …

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85 Downloads

 

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10 Downloads

Rognerud, R. et al. (2016)

IRC Trends Analysis, 2016– 2025

2016 is a special year for the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and “Big Water” sectors: it marks the start of the 15-year period for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 2016 is also an important year for IRC, as it is the final year of our current five-year business plan.

The SDGs consist of 17 goals and 169 targets covering a wide range of sustainable development …

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359 Views
0 Downloads

Kvarnstrom, E., Verhagen, J., Vishwanath, Singh, K., Ramachandran, S. (2012)

IRC webinar: commercial productive use of faecal sludge
Commercial Re-use in Bengaluru

Waste is a resource in the wrong place. People that have no sewer connection do go to the toilet though urban authorities seem to think differently given the neglect of the multitude of sanitation self-service models that have emerged in many cities. During this webinar Joep Verhagen presented the results of a case study. The case study investigates a model that is based on the productive use …

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70 Downloads

 

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6 Downloads

Urban Management Centre (2017)

Leading Practices in Community Engagement and Sanitation

Community engagement and establishing women-led self help groups in cities across India is at the core of the National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM). All other components of NULM, namely, self employment,
skill training and entrepreneurship development have their roots in social mobilization. In
contrast to the rural livelihood mission, where there are several successful community …

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3655 Views
15 Downloads

 

1918 Views
40 Downloads

Walther, D., et al. (2016)

Local and innovative waste water solution
The case of Kochi - SNUSP II

This project description summarises the steps towards an energy and resource-efficient wastewater and septage management system in Kochi.
It is a project coordinated by the Support to National Urban Sanitation Policy project of GIZ India.

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25 Downloads

 

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154 Downloads

 

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245 Downloads

 

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24 Downloads

BMGF (2018)

MEDS Convening 2018
Conversations about Sanitation, SDGs and Research

The Measurement, Evidence, and Dissemination, for Scale (MEDS) initiative was created by merging the Measurement, Learning and Evaluation (MLE) initiative with the Building Demand for Sanitation (BDS) initiative at the end of 2015. The 2017 MEDS Convening was the 2nd convening under MEDS but the 6th annual meeting for many of the participants, formally convening under the BDS portfolio.

In …

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3196 Views
68 Downloads

FSG (2016)

Menstrual Health in India
Country Landscape Analysis

This report seeks to understand:
(1) the current state of girls’ experience with menarche and MHM in India,
(2) donor, government, NGO, and company responses to girls’ needs, and
(3) opportunities for research, advocacy, and programming to better address these needs.

This complements a Global Landscape Analysis and is one of three Country Landscape Analyses focused on India, Kenya, …

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490 Downloads

 

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49 Downloads

Durrans, S. (2017)

Microfinance for Sanitation Policy Brief

This policy brief highlights the SHARE Consortium’s contribution to the knowledge base on microfinance for sanitation. The brief defines sanitation microfinance and summarises research conducted in India and Tanzania. It then discusses the research gaps that still exist and provides recommendations for improving policies and programmes on microfinance for sanitation globally.

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390 Views
0 Downloads

WSP (2007)

Module 1: Guidance Notes
Training of Trainers’ Manual on Community-driven Total Sanitation

Who is this Manual for?
Resource agencies engaged in training potential master trainers to facilitate and scale up
community-driven total sanitation.

AusAID provides WSP-SA programmatic support.

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4584 Views
0 Downloads

Dillon, L. B. et al. (2013)

Natural water systems and treatment technologies to cope with water shortages in urbanized areas in India
NaWaTech Compendium of Technologies

Providing adequate water supply and sanitation, particularly in urban areas, is a challenging task for governments throughout the world. This task is made even more difficult due to predicted dramatic global changes. Population growth, urbanisation, increasing industrialisation, climate change and a steep increase in water consumption are putting pressure on urban water resources. In order to …

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6407 Views
159 Downloads

 

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57 Downloads

Yeh, D. (2013)

NEWgenerator(TM) for recovery of nutrients, energy and water from human wastes
Various documents on results from research grant

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Daniel Yeh is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Further information and a discussion is available on the SuSanA discussion forum, see link below.

Short description of the project:

The NEWgenerator is a compact and robust resource recovery machine that is paired with pit latrines, septic …

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2282 Views
24 Downloads

Chambers, R., Myers, J. (2016)

Norms, Knowledge and Usage
Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights Issue 7

The partial or total non-use of toilets, with some or all in a household defecating in the open, is a growing concern. Although all households may have a toilet, communities cannot remain open defecation free unless they are always used by everyone. This is not just an issue of maintenance and accessibility but also of social norms, mind-sets, and cultural preferences. The problem is widespread …

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797 Views
0 Downloads

CEPT University & RCUES, AIILSG (2017)

ODF and ODF Sustainability Workshop

Sanitation has been on the forefront of development agenda in India. The Government of India's Swachh Bharat Mission aims to make the whole country Open Defecation Free by 2019. How cities become ODF and what can other cities learn from ODF cities? This was the aim in organising a two day workshop for city officials from Rajasthan. The workshop also included a visit to an ODF city. It was …

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473 Views
23 Downloads

Jacob, N. (2018)

ODF+, ODF++ and Sustainability of Sanitation
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis

The responses provided a canvas of problems with sustaining ODF that covers technical, behavioural and physical issues. These issues, persistent since before SBM, must be overcome before India could move onto ODF+, ODF++ and ODF-S. All the issues were related to the ODF-centric approach of SBM that focussed only on toilet coverage.

The technical problems concerned the quality of construction …

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2829 Views
32 Downloads

Jacob, N., von Falkenhausen, A., Bauer, M. (2016)

On the way to "clean India": 2 years of Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin) (Rural)
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis Document

With the implementation of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, this TDS was the first with focus on sanitation in India. Since it was launched 2nd October, 2014, Swacch Bharat Mission (SBM) has been one of the Indian government’s flagship programmes to eradicate open defecation and implement behaviour change across India´s society.

The first thematic online discussion of the India Sanitation …

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2596 Views
33 Downloads

Jacob, N. (2016)

On the way to "clean India": 2 years of Swacch Bharat Mission (Urban)
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis Document

With the implementation of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, disucssions around Sanitation in India are held in a regular period on the SuSanA Forum.
In India, Swachh Bharat Mission has been launched 2nd October 2014 to eradicate open defecation and implement behaviour change across India´s society. The following is a synthesis of the posts published during the discussion about the challenges and …

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166 Downloads

 

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44 Downloads

 

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42 Downloads

 

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131 Downloads

Reynaud, N. (2015)

Operation of Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Systems (DEWATS) under tropical field conditions
PhD thesis

Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Systems (DEWATS) such as disseminated by the Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA) are increasingly being recognized by decision makers across the world as an option for service delivery in densely populated low-income areas. However, little practical experience has been gathered methodologically on basic engineering and performance …

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522 Views
20 Downloads

CDD (2008)

Operational Tasks for the Upkeep of Decentralised Wastewater Treatment System (DEWATS)

This Manual is intended for use by the beneficiaries of DEWATS, in particular caretakers and operators. Each operational task is addressed in terms of where and when it will occur, how the task should be performed and why it is needed. Simple information about DEWATS modules and how they function is outlined in the Appendix 1.0. For further information which may be beyond the scope of this …

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3540 Views
15 Downloads

 

365 Views
14 Downloads

PRIA (2018)

Partnership to Scale Up Innovative Solutions for Urban Sanitation
Conference report

A state level Conference on Partnership to Scale Up Innovative Solutions for Urban Sanitation was organised on 30 May 2018 in Jaipur, Rajasthan. It was organised by Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA) in collaboration with National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA), Centre for Development Communication Jaipur, Manipal University Jaipur, and the Institute for Development Studies, Jaipur.

The …

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4290 Views
168 Downloads

Mehta, M., Mehta, D., Mansuri, A. (2014)

Performance Assessment Systems (PAS) for Urban Water Supply and Sanitation
Various documents on results from research grant

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Meera Mehta and Dinesh Mehta are leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Further information and a discussion is available on the SuSanA discussion forum, see link below.

Short description of the project:

Lack of reliable and updated information about operational and financial performance of …

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4661 Views
26 Downloads

 

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34 Downloads

Luthra, B., et al. (2016)

Pipe Dream - Cleaning Ganga
Down to Earth Cover Story

Two flagship programmes of Prime Minister Narendra Modi are working at cross-purposes. By 2019, when Swachh Bharat Mission comes to an end, some 30 million septic tanks and pits would have been dug along the Ganga. These tanks and pits would produce 180 Million litres of faecal sludge every day, which will eventually find its way into the Ganga, defeating Namami Gange. It's time the Central, …

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4425 Views
24 Downloads

 

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41 Downloads

Various authors (2011)

Policy paper on septage management in India

With fast growing economy and urban population, the waste generation is steeply increasing in India. Due to paucity of resources, the local bodies, which are responsible for management of wastes, are not able to provide this service effectively. According to Centre Pollution Control Board (CPCB) study, out of 38254 MLD of sewage generated in India, the treatment facilities are available for 30% …

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39 Downloads

 

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24 Downloads

 

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426 Downloads

 

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246 Downloads

 

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527 Downloads

GIZ (2017)

PTM Process Overview

The “Support to the National Urban Sanitation Policy II (SNUSP II)” Programme implemented by GIZ supported the Indian Ministry in achieving the targets of the National Urban Sanitation Policy during 2014-2017. We have integrated the Public Toilet Management (PTM) Process including the most important focal areas for each process step and tools in the SuSanA website for our Community of …

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2829 Views
49 Downloads

GIZ (2013)

Refresher course for plumbers on household conectivity
Plumber's manual

This publication is a training manual for plumbers covering the plumbing aspects for connecting households to the septic tanks or sewerage systems. It aims to help improve the capacities of the plumbers, whose impacts on overall sanitation in the city is most important.

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2870 Views
21 Downloads

GIZ (2013)

Refresher course for plumbers on household connectivity
ToT manual

The mission of this programme is to educate plumbers on connections between Household and Public Sewerage Systems. This Training of Trainers manual is meant for trainers, in order to equip them with the skills to become expert trainers in this field. This manual is meant to be used in conjunction with the Plumber’s Training Manual and the Recommended Presentations (PPTs) to execute a successful …

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8260 Views
194 Downloads

BMGF (2014)

Reinvent the Toilet Challenge, Delhi, India
Program and Technical Guides

Featuring partners of key Government of
India ministries, and the Bill & Melinda Gates
Foundation, the fair showcased innovative
products and approaches that aim to bring
safe, affordable, and sustainable sanitation
to those who need it most. These include
efforts to create toilets that are not connected
to water, sewer, or electricity; to improve
the collection, treatment, and disposal …

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431 Views
0 Downloads

SuSanA (2014)

Reinvent the Toilet Fair in Delhi, India

This library entry shows a tour video of the exhibits at the Reinvent the Toilet Fair in Delhi, India (21 to 22 March 2014). Other videos within the event can also be watched through the links below.

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468 Views
0 Downloads

SuSanA (2014)

Reinvent the Toilet Fair in India
Exhibition tour videos

This library entry consists of a video interview / tour during the Reinvent the Toilet Fair in Delhi, India (21 to 22 March 2014). To watch more videos, please go to links below.

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102 Downloads

 

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1 Downloads

Otoo, M., Drechsel, P . (eds.) (2018)

Resource Recovery from Waste
Business Models for Energy, Nutrient and Water Reuse in Low- and Middle-income Countries

Humans generate millions of tons of waste every day. This waste is rich in water, nutrients, energy and organic compounds. Yet, waste is not being managed in a way that permits us to derive value from its reuse, while millions of farmers struggle with depleted soils and lack of water. This book shows how Resource Recovery and Reuse (RRR) could create livelihoods, enhance food security, support …

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2814 Views
6 Downloads

Subramanian, S. V.,Mejía-Guevara, I., Krishna, A. (2016)

Rethinking policy perspectives on childhood stunting: time to formulate a structural and multifactorial strategy
Review Article in: Maternal & Child Nutrition

Stunting and chronic undernutrition among children in South Asia remain a major unresolved global health issue.
There are compelling intrinsic and moral reasons to ensure that children attain their optimal growth potential facilitated via promotion of healthy living conditions. Investments in efforts to ensure that children’s growth is not faltered also have substantial instrumental benefits …

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295 Downloads

 

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181 Downloads

 

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42 Downloads

 

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26 Downloads

 

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21 Downloads

Fight Hunger Foundation, Aqua Assistance (2017)

Sanitation Assessment of Palsunda, Vikaswadi and Saturly Villages of Mokhada block, Palghar district, Maharashtra, India

Mokhada is located at the foot of the Deccan Trap system. The soil is made of early Eocene basalt layers of volcanic origin. Igneous soils such as basalt are usually productive in terms of aquifer as they have a double storage capacity – they are porous due to the nature of the stone and they are cracked due to the structure of the rock formation. They have a good porosity and a high …

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161 Downloads

 

19 Views
0 Downloads

Ministry of Panchati Raj, Government of India (2015)

Sanitation in Gram Panchayats
Handbook for panchayats by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India

This is meant to guide panchayats to plan and execute sanitation programmes. It covers individual and institutional sanitation, and hygiene.

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795 Views
49 Downloads

Government of Gujarat (2014)

Sanitation Index: Indicator for monitoring cleanliness under Mahatma Gandhi Swachhta Mission

The document provides a framework to monitor cleanliness in government owned or occupied buildings and derive Sanitation Index for building ratings. This framework is aligned with the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) guidelines and Ministry of Urban Development’s Service Level Benchmarking (SLB) framework and sanitation rating under the National Urban Sanitation Policy (NUSP). The document would …

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307 Views
48 Downloads

Dalberg Advisors (2017)

Sanitation worker safety and livelihoods in India: A blueprint for action

The Sanitation Project
In 2017, Dalberg Advisors carried out a study of sanitation workers across India – the first of its kind – to understand the issue both from a worker perspective as well as a supply-side or institutional perspective

The Sanitation Workers Project is a structured, first-of-its-kind 5-month long study of sanitation workers across India carried out by Dalberg Advisors …

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187 Views
42 Downloads

CPR (2018)

Scaling City Institutions for India: Sanitation - Updates from SCI-FI project

This library entry contains several documents produced by the SCI-FI project which wa led by Shubhagato Dasgupta and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Name of lead organization: Centre for Policy Research
Primary contact at lead organization: Shubhagato Dasgupta, Senior Fellow
Grantee location: New Delhi, India
Developing country where the research is being carried out: …

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800 Downloads

 

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56 Downloads

Jaritz, H. et al. (2015)

School Sanitation in Underserved Urban Areas in India

This publication is the background article to one of the case stories in the SuSanA case story collection “Making WASH in Schools more Sustainable” (Vol II.). It has been selected as one of the focus case stories on monitoring under the umbrella of the SuSanA Working Group 7 on school sanitation.
The project "School Sanitation in Underserved Urban Areas in India" has shown that in the …

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1886 Views
73 Downloads

Tiberghien, J-E. (2016)

School WASH reports
Four reports analyse the status of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools in Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Pakistan.

Just 71% schools worldwide have a safe water supply – as few as 54% in sub-Saharan Africa, and just 69% have safe sanitation access – as few as 53% in sub-Saharan Africa (UNICEF 2015). Correct use, maintenance, and sustainability of school water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services, and hygiene behaviours, remain big challenges in many countries.
WaterAid has conducted research in …

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7076 Views
804 Downloads

 

961 Views
126 Downloads

Sharma, R., Bieker, S., Tempel, A., Jacob, N., Saxena, S. (2018)

Septage Management in Urban India – Providing Conceptual Clarity
White Paper

Content:
- Introduction and Context
- Terminology
- Conceptual clarity
- Conclusions

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4029 Views
71 Downloads

 

85 Views
10 Downloads

Jacob, N. (2019)

Setting Standards and Financing Waste Water Management in India
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis

This discussion will examine a few aspects of the waste water economy. In November 2018, the SuSanA India Chapter, IRC and TARU organised a face-to-face ‘Insights Discussion’ on sharing experiences on waste water challenges and solutions, facilitated by the Ecosan Services Foundation, in Mumbai. That discussion brought out five issues – setting standards for using waste water and sewage, …

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7747 Views
1158 Downloads

 

3651 Views
69 Downloads

CSE (2015)

SFD Executive Summary Aizawl India
Draft

Aizawl is the capital of Mizoram State located in the east of the Himalayan region of India. The density of the city, 2,823 persons per sq. km, is higher compared to state average, 52 persons per sq. km. 92% of the city depend on onsite sanitation systems and 8% of the city on offsite systems. There is no wastewater treatment leading to unsafe management of faecal sludge and wastewater.

Date …

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3675 Views
55 Downloads

CSE (2015)

SFD Executive Summary Cuttack India
Draft

Cuttack lies in the east coast plains of India; it is the capital and one of the oldest cities of Odisha. Population of the city reaches 606,007 persons, who are mainly dependent on malfunctioning septic tanks and pits. Only 32% of faecal sludge and wastewater is safely managed.

Date of production: 28/07/2015
Last update: 25/08/2015

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3579 Views
63 Downloads

CSE (2015)

SFD Executive Summary Srikakulam India
Draft

Srikakulam is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh and is an important administrative and commercial center. The population of city is 133,911 persons. Lack of sewerage network, sewage treatment plant, malfunctioning septic tanks and pits as well as open defection are the causes of excreta being unsafely managed.

Date of production: 31/07/2015
Last update: 25/08/2015

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3336 Views
103 Downloads

Roeder, L. (2016)

SFD Report (draft) - Tirupati, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Tirupati is situated in Chittoor district in the southern of the state of Andhra Pradesh with a total population of just under 375,000. The town is a pilgrimage center and attracts a total diurnal floating population of about 55,000. During religious festivals the diurnal floating population exceeds 100,000. In Tirupati it was estimated that 70% of excreta is managed safely while 30% of the …

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4194 Views
682 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Varma, R.S., Padhi, S.K. (2015)

SFD Report - Agra, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Agra, the former capital of India is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. There is sewerage network which covers half of the population. Rest of the city is majorly dependent on septic tanks which are generally not adhering to design prescribed by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).

Date of production: 21/10/2015
Last update: 29/01/2016

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87 Views
8 Downloads

Panse, D., Kale, S., Karve, M. (2018)

SFD Report - Alandi, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Alandi is a pilgrimage town and has a municipal council in Pune district. The population of town as per Census 2011 is 28,645 persons. The density of city is 4,188 persons per sq.km. which is very high as compared to the state average of 365 persons per sq.km. Slum population is 1,950 persons which constitutes 6.8% of the total population.

According to census, Alandi is dependent on onsite …

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3737 Views
272 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Varma, R.S., Padhi, S.K. (2015)

SFD Report - Bikaner, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Sixty-four percent of Bikaner’s city (population of 644,406 people) depends on offsite systems, 31% depends on onsite sanitation systems (OSS), mainly septic tanks, while 5% of population practices open defecation. The city has three Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) where 41% of the waste water is treated but there are not treatment facilities for septage. One private emptier is responsible for …

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171 Views
21 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Padhi, S.K., Varadharajan, A. (2017)

SFD Report - Bodhgaya, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Bodhgaya is a small town, located in the Gaya district of Bihar. A population size of 51,900 was considered for the preparation of the SFD. There is no treatment facility available for sewage and faecal sludge generated in the town. 51% of the population of Bodhgaya depends on Onsite Sanitation Systems. The FS collected by the vacuum tankers is discharged into open fields . As there is no …

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202 Views
26 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Yadav, A., Varadharajan, A. (2017)

SFD Report - Bongaon, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Bongaon city lies in the state of West Bengal, India. It has a population of 108,864 of which the slum population accounts to 37.04% of the total population (data from 2011).

All households are dependent currently on Onsite Sanitation Systems (OSS). The town does not have any treatment facility for FS. 45% FS, which gets emptied, is transported and discharged untreated into solid waste …

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184 Views
22 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Padhi, S.K., Bhatnagar, A. (2017)

SFD Report - Buxar, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Buxar city is situated on the banks of River Ganga in the state of Bihar, India. The population of the city is 102,861, while slum population is 10,161 (data from 2011).

It was observed that there is no sewerage network existing in the city and the equivalent population is dependent on Onsite Sanitation Systems (OSS). There is no treatment facility available for FS generated. Emptied FS from …

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166 Views
17 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K.,Luthra, B., Padhi, S.K., Gupta, B. (2017)

SFD Report - Chunar, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Chunar is situated on the banks of River Ganga and River Jirgo, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The population of the city is 37,185 (data from 2011).

There is no sewerage network in the city and 71% of the city is dependent on onsite sanitation systems (OSS), out of which 60% are dependent on septic tanks and around 11% on pits. 29% of the population still practices open defecation. …

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4290 Views
551 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Varma, R.S., Padhi, S.K., Yadav, A. (2016)

SFD Report - Delhi, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Delhi is the capital of India. It is officially known as the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi. The population of NCT of Delhi as per the Census 2011 is 16,787,941. The density of city is 11,320 persons per sq.km. Total slum population is 1,785,390 which is 10.6% of the total population (Census of India, 2011). The floating population is around …

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3839 Views
204 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Varma, R.S., Padhi, S.K., Yadav, A. (2016)

SFD Report - Dewas, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Dewas city is located on the Malwa plateau of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is headquarters of the Dewas district. The population of city as per the 2011 Census is 289,438. The density of city is 2,889 persons per sq.km. Total slum population is 92,770 which is 32% of the total population. The floating population is around 25,000. Ninety-three …

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176 Views
13 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Padhi, S.K., Bhatnagar, A. (2017)

SFD Report - Gangaghat, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

The city of Gangaghat is located 83 km south west from Lucknow, the state capital. The population of the city is 84,072 (data from 2011) with a population density of 17,122 persons per sq.km.

It was found that there is no sewerage network and the entire population is dependent on Onsite Sanitation Systems (OSS). Septic tank connected to open drain is used by 70% population, 14% practice open …

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3657 Views
200 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Varma, R.S., Padhi, S.K. (2015)

SFD Report - Gwalior, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Gwalior is a historical city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. There is sewerage network covering around 80% of the population. In spite having good sewerage network within the city only 19% of wastewater is safely managed in the city and rest 81%, which also includes 6% of city defecating in open, is shown unsafe in SFD.

Date of production: 13/10/2015
Last update: 23/01/2016

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186 Views
22 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Padhi, S.K., Yadav, A. (2017)

SFD Report - Katihar, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Katihar, the district headquarters of Katihar District, is located in the state of Bihar, India. The population of Katihar city is 240,838 with a population density of 9,437 persons per sq.km (Data from 2011). During the post-independence period, commerce showed a phenomenal increase with the associated small scale industrial development, which resulted in the increase of city population.

72 …

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3885 Views
258 Downloads

Roeder, L. (2016)

SFD Report - Kochi, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

The city of Kochi (also known as 'Cochin') is the touristic and economic capital of the state of Kerala located in the south-west region of India. The municipal boundary of the Corporation Cochin (CoC) has a total population of over 600,000. In Kochi it was estimated that 20% of excreta is managed safely while 80% of the excreta ends up directly in the environment without adequate …

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3813 Views
277 Downloads

Roeder, L. (2015)

SFD Report - Nashik, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

The city of Nashik is located in the northwest of the state of Maharashtra in the Western Ghats at the source of the Godavari River. As per Census 2011 Nashik has a total population of just under 1.5 Million. In Nashik it was estimated that 85% of excreta is managed safely while 15% of the excreta ends up directly in the environment without adequate treatment.

This Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) …

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82 Views
5 Downloads

Panse, D., Kale, S. (2018)

SFD Report - Pandharpur, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Pandharpur is a well-known pilgrimage town on the banks of Bhima River in Sholapur district, Maharashtra, India. The population of Pandharpur is 98,923 and the floating population is around 10,000 to 40,000.

39% of Pandharpur is dependent on offsite sanitation. Population connected to sewer line is 33% and user
interface discharging directly to open drain or ground is 6%. 53% of Pandharpur is …

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1126 Views
103 Downloads

Thakur, P., Singh, S. (2017)

SFD Report - Patna, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Patna, the state capital of Bihar, is situated on the southern bank of Ganga River. The city is surrounded by two other rivers on two other sides: Sone River and Pun-Pun River.
Patna is the second largest city in eastern India after Kolkata. For the preparation of the SFD, the territory of Patna Municipal Corporation (PMC) is selected.
The total population of the city is 1.68 million with …

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183 Views
13 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Padhi, S.K., Gupta, B. (2017)

SFD Report - Ramnagar, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Ramnagar city is situated on the banks of the Ganga River in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The population of the city is 49,132 and its population density is 13,572 persons per sq.km (data from 2011). The slum population is 1,958,
representing 3.98% of the total population.

The existing sewer network covers about 70% of the households. The rest of the city (16%) is either dependent on …

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3830 Views
149 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Varma, R.S., Padhi, S.K. (2015)

SFD Report - Solapur, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Solapur is located on the south-eastern border of Maharashtra State. The population of the city is 951,118 persons. One-fifth of city’s population depends on public toilets while septic tanks and pits are most common in Solapur’s households. There is a sewerage network but it covers less than half of the population.

Date of production: 01/08/2015
Last update: 07/01/2016

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3884 Views
503 Downloads

Rohilla, S. K., Luthra, B., Varma, R. S., Padhi S. K. (2015)

SFD Report - Tiruchirappalli, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Tiruchirappalli, also known as Trichy, is one of the largest cities in Tamil Nadu and is known as an important trade, education and pilgrimage centre. The population of city as per the 2011 Census is 916,857. There is sewerage network which covers 59% of the population. Rest of the city is majorly dependent on septic tanks which are generally not adhering to design prescribed by Bureau of Indian …

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3628 Views
166 Downloads

Rohilla, S.K., Luthra, B., Varma, R.S., Padhi, S.K. (2015)

SFD Report - Tumkur, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Tumkur (also known as Tumakuru) is located along the Pune-Bangalore National Highway N°4. The sewerage network covers half of the population, but there is also a high dependence on septic tanks, without the correct design, and pits. Tumkur possesses a Sewage Treatment Plant but has no treatment facilities for septage.

This SFD Report was created through desk-based research by Centre for …

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131 Views
0 Downloads

Various Authors (2019)

SFD Week 2019, Rajasthan, India
SFD Week material

The SFD week conducted from 2nd to 5th April 2019, was a three-day conclave on sanitation that helped around 140 sector players, from across India and beyond, to not only learn from the deliberations that went by throughout the week but also witness and enjoy the serene atmosphere that AAETI offers.

Here, you find the external link to the SFD Week material (presentations, videos, pictures) on …

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7368 Views
513 Downloads


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