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BMGF-DfiD City Partners Meeting & FSM Toolbox Planning Workshop, Hanoi, Vietnam, January 2015




Session 1: City Partnership Meeting

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) and the United Kingdom Department for international Development (DfiD) are collaborating to demonstrate how cities can use binding service level agreements and performance-based contracts with private sector partners as a way to ensure the city-wide delivery of sustainable sanitation services that are equitable and provide both private and public benefits.

Under this joint initiative, eleven teams from South Asia and Africa were selected during early 2014. The teams went through detailed investigation in their cities, to identify the best way to manage fecal sludge by engaging private sector using performance based contracts at their selected cities, as the first phase of their work. Five out of the eleven teams received funding for their Phase 2 implementation. All of the eleven teams were invited to present their findings and plan for the second phase. In addition, to the eleven teams, other grantees were also invited who are working in several cities in Bangladesh, India and Ghana to join the meeting.

Presentations by African City Partners

*Blantyre City, Malawi: Sanitation Service Level Agreements & video shown during presentation

*Kampala, Uganda: Towards an Efficient Private Sector Led FSM Framework for Kampala

*Kumasi, Ghana: FSM in Kumasi

* Accra, Ghana: FSM in GA West

*Monrovia, Liberia: Monrovia City Corporation (MCC) & Population Service International (PSI)

*eThekwini, South Africa: Urine Diversion Toilet Waste Removal in eThekwini Municipality: Business Partnership Modeling

*Freetown, Sierra Leone: FSM in Freetown, Sierra Leone: Findings from Phase 1

Presentations by Asian City Partners

*Faridpur, Bangladesh: PPP for Sustainable Sludge Management Services

*Khulna, Bangladesh: FSM Programme in Southern Bangladesh

*Dhaka, Bangladesh: Overview of DSK’s FSM Activities

*Odisha, India: Demonstration of Sustainable Sanitation Service Delivery for Small Towns in Odisha: Project Nirmal

*Chitradurga City, India: BMGF–DFID City Partnership for Urban Sanitation

*Maharashtra, India (3 cities): Bringing sustainable and equitable sanitation services to small and medium towns in India (CEPT)

*Warangal, India: City-Wide Delivery of Sustainable and Equitable Sanitation Services

*Lalitpur, Nepal: Stimulating FSM business for effective service delivery in sustainable sanitation through private sector engagement

Session 2: FSM Planning Tools and Toolbox

The sanitation coverage in developing countries highly depends on home owners investing in onsite storage such as pit latrine, cesspit, septic tank, etc. with which the management of the accumulated fecal sludge in those onsite units including emptying, collection, transportation, treatment and reuse are required. However, there is a significant knowledge and capacity gap, to address this issue. Recently the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has started working with the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), a consortium composed of GIZ, WSP, Leeds University, WEDC, EAWAG, CSE and Emory University to develop appropriate diagnostic, modeling and advisory tools for Fecal Sludge Management.

The overarching aim of this session is to synthesize the planning matrixes and conceptions of Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) toolkits for sector professionals (i.e. utility managers, investors, technical consultants, etc.). The tools are to provide support professionals in planning and undertaking FSM projects which should include, but not limit to, templates for development of bidding documents, projects terms of reference (TOR), and guidance on technical and financial feasibility, advocacy strategy, monitoring program and institutional planning structure. This session will provide an opportunity to share the activities so far done by the foundation's partners and also get feedback from the audience to elaborate the tools that are under development.

*FSM Toolbox: Concept and plan: Andreas Knapp, hydrophil

*Diagnostic Tools and Guidelines for Fecal Sludge Management: Isabel Blackett, Peter Hawkins, WSP

*Shit Flow Diagram Scale Up: Trevor Surridge, GIZ

*Sanipath Brief Overview: Public Health Rapid Risk Assessment Tool: Christine Moe, Suraja Raj, David Berendes, Emory University

*The Excreta Management Ladder: Georges Mikhael, WSUP

*Initial findings of FSM toolkit mapping (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.): Thammarat Koottatep, AIT

*Lessons learnt from other similar toolkit initiatives in the WASH sector: Andreas Knapp, Magdalena Bäuerl, hydrophil

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