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Sanitation Library

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42 Views
4 Downloads

Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) relates to how girls and women manage their monthly menstruation and require access to information about menstruation, clean and safe menstrual absorbents, amenities, and facilities such as toilets and water, and waste management to maintain hygiene. MHM in general is poor in India due to a low level of knowledge and many misconceptions about it. In recent …

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54 Views
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The Royal Government of Bhutan and in particular, the Ministry of Health (MoH) has been concerned with the high prevalence of sanitation and hygiene-related diseases. This was largely due to low coverage of hygienic pour-flush toilets; high prevalence of inferior quality pit toilets (without slab/cover) which were unsanitary and unhygienic; and households without toilets. The Bhutan Multiple …

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51 Views
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In August 2017, thousands of Rohingya flee their homes in Myanmar and arrived at Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. As of April 2022, there were 925,380 refugees accommodated in 34 camps around the towns of Ukhiya and Teknaf. Rohingya refugees and host communities in Cox’s Bazar live with inadequate water and sanitation facilities resulting in adverse health impacts. Besides this, such huge influxes of …

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1 Downloads

Bangladesh is the eighth-most populous country in the world, with a population exceeding 166 million people in an area of 147,600 square kilometres making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world.

About a million Rohingyas have fled due to the ethnic cleansing in Myanmar and sought refuge in Bangladesh. The refugees are in temporary settlements in hilly areas of Cox’s …

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Globally, at least two billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with faeces1. As result of microbial contamination with faeces, it poses the greatest risk to drinking-water safety. In 2010, the UN General Assembly explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation. Everyone has the right to sufficient, continuous, safe, acceptable, physically accessible, and affordable …

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According to Joint Monitoring Programme, 58.5% have safely managed services for drinking water in 2020. One in five households has to spend more than 30 minutes fetching water from an outside source. The statistics also suggest a serious gap in sanitation facilities; about one-third of the households (31%) use unimproved toilet facilities; 22% of households use pit latrines without slabs, and 3% …

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Adolescence is a vital period for human development as life enters a new phase with the onset of menstruation for girls. This new change sometimes leads many adolescents to experience stigma, bullying and social exclusion, also introducing them to new vulnerabilities. In many parts of Bangladesh, menstruation is a taboo and has myths attached to it which can lead to poor personal hygiene and …

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Afghanistan is affected by manmade and natural disasters, which have caused a significant displacement of people. People often move from their place of origin to cities and are settled in areas where access to safe drinking water is limited. In 2020, only 47.5 per cent of the population had access to basic drinking water services and 38.1 per cent had basic hygiene services1. As a result, …

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125 Views
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The GIZ Programme Water Supply and Sanitation for Refugee Settlements and Host Communities in Northern Uganda (WatSSUP) operates on the nexus of humanitarian and development work and focuses on both refugee and host communities. The programme is implemented under the special initiative on forced displacement of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). This is in …

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The GIZ Programme WatSSUP operates on the nexus of humanitarian and development work and focuses on both refugee and host communities. The programme is implemented under the special initiative on forced displacement of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and implemented by GIZ in line with Germany’s commitment to international burden and responsibility …

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The observations and recommendations presented in this gender analysis are meant to provide information to the programme regarding the relevance of gender aspects in Uganda, and particularly for the continued implementation process of the Programme: Water Supply and Sanitation for Refugee Settlements and Host Communities in Northern Uganda (WatSSUP).

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The GIZ Programme WatSSUP operates on the nexus of humanitarian and development work and focuses on both refugee and host communities. The programme is implemented under the special initiative on forced displacement of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and implemented by GIZ in line with Germany’s commitment to international burden and responsibility …

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The WatSSUP Cash for Work (CfW) tree planting activity takes place between April and November 2022. It aims at improving the water source protection of water supply system catchment areas as well as delivering positive impact on household incomes. The activity covers a total of 18 acres in the West Nile Region in Northern Uganda. 9 acres of trees are planted in Yumbe district (Bidibidi refugee …

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The present document consists of an addendum of data to the Handbook of Methods for Faecal Sludge Analysis. It is part of a project funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates (BMGF) through the OPP1164143, untitled “Characterization of faecal material during drying”. This project was granted for funding after the 5-years Transformative Technologies convening at the BMGF headquarters in 2016, where …

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Gia Nghia is a small but quickly growing and urbanising town. 87% of households have water supply provided on premises with projects underway to bring this to over 90%, and 100% of the population has access to a sanitation system (no open defecation is reported). Waste stabilisation ponds were constructed to treat wastewater, but these are not operational due to a lack of connections to the sewer …

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As households move up the sanitation ladder, health risks presumably decline but the corresponding technologies may require increasing operation and maintenance costs. One critique of the ladder is that it prioritizes technology and could be improved if it included a functional approach to monitoring, such as including aspects of environmental sustainability that consider resource recovery. Using …

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Water and sanitation (wastewater) infrastructure in the United States is aging and deteriorating, with massive underinvestment over the past several decades. For many years, lack of attention to water and sanitation infrastructure has combined with racial segregation and discrimination to produce uneven access to water and wastewater services resulting in growing threats to human and …

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There remains a large unmet need for sanitation access throughout the world that compromises both human and environmental health. Opportunities exist to employ sanitation systems that better utilize and recover scarce resources from excreta such as water, energy, and nutrients. However, technologies such as a composting latrine may require more maintenance and close handling of feces compared to …

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The study provides recent advances and adaptations in policy, planning and service delivery to better manage climate related risks in urban contexts. It also identifies actionable strategies to support efforts to improve climate resilience in urban sanitation and to strengthen the argument for their implementation

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Punta del Diablo is located on the Atlantic Ocean coast of Uruguay in the department of Rocha. The city is made up of six large sub-divisions: Punta del Diablo, Coronilla del Mar, Aldea del Mar, Santa Teresa de la Coronilla, Parque Santa Teresa and Santa Teresa (D&A and EP, 2021). For this report, a total population of 23,128 is estimated. Comprising a resident population of 2,000 people and a …

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This report is the final output of the ‘Value for Money Study in Global Sanitation Fund Programmes’, hereafter ‘the VFM-GSF project’, funded by the Water and Sanitation Supply Collaborative Council (WSSCC)/Global Sanitation Fund (GSF).

The stated objectives of the project were threefold:

1. To assess GSF-funded sanitation and hygiene implementation programmes to gauge current levels …

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The OECD, with the support of the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida), has undertaken research to better understand the current and potential role of blended finance models for water-related investments. Considering the wide variety of potential types of water-related investments, this research takes a broad approach to water-related investment and covers blended finance models that …

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Massive amounts of investment are needed to meet the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for water supply and sanitation. However, several challenges have limited the ability to mobilize commercial finance for the sector, including a complex political economy, high transaction costs and an unclear regulatory environment. Investment platforms are an online tool for bringing …

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The 2021 State of Cities Climate Finance report examines the current state of urban climate investment, the barriers to reaching the needed investment levels, and the steps to overcoming these challenges.

The report delivers its findings in two parts:

The Landscape of Urban Climate Finance (Part 1). Authored by the Cities Climate Finance Leadership Alliance Secretariat (Climate Policy …

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Chandpur is a fast-growing city located along the Dhaka- N1 and Gauripur - Kachua highway and 120 km South of Dhaka. It is beside the Dakatia and Meghna Rivers and it is well connected with road, water, and railways. It is one of the oldest towns in the sub-continent and was declared a municipality in 1896 and a Pourashava in 1986. Chandpur is one of the 53 district-level municipalities in the …

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32nd SuSanA Meeting

The 32nd virtual SuSanA Meeting took place Monday, 22nd of August (9:00 - 17:00 CEST), right before the Stockholm World Water Week. It was organised by the Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups, Regional Chapters and many more. 

Now meeting recordings and presentations available: Click here to get to the Meeting Page!

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Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

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The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:

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The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.


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Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

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Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (231 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

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