Eco-natural model for wastewater treatment: innovative ecological design treatment approach for the reuse of wastewater in the Western Desert of Egypt

2018 - 2019 • Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University


An innovative project for improving the quality of life in the western desert of Egypt


1- Conduct a survey on Bahariya Oasis features, including population, topography, water resources, soil components, local materials, solar radiation, etc.
2- Analyze the collected data using multivariate analysis tools.
3- Design the innovative treatment units based on the Egyptian laws and regulation for reuse.
4- Use local materials and human resources for the construction of the proposed treatment system.
5- Operate the treatment system for zero-liquid discharge and zero carbon emissions.

The project achieves a zero-liquid discharge and zero carbon emissions.
The project increases the community awareness towards the application of Eco-friendly systems.
The project uses local materials of plants, filters, gravel stones, and plastics, as well as human resources for the construction of the treatment Eco-friendly system.
This smart model is developed by landscape architecture and ecological engineer, which allows for leadership in energy and environmental design (LEED).
The treated wastewater will be used for irrigation, flush toilets, green roof, green wall, parks, and landscape purposes.


Image: Topography and water resources in Bahariya Oasis (source: Reports at Alexandria bibliotheque)

Countries of activity

Location of main activity


The project proposes an innovative ecological design treatment approach (EDTA) that can be employed for the reuse of wastewater in the Western Desert of Egypt. The EDTA consists of 12 treatment cells: plants, biofilms, filters, and and gravel stones.

Further information

The design criteria obey the Egyptian laws and regulation for wastewater reuse: i.e., Law 93/1962, Law 44/2000, Decree 603/2002, Decree 171/2005, Decree 1038/2009 and Egyptian Code 501/2005.

Contact information

Mahmoud Nasr
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Sara AbouBakr
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Filter tags

Constructed wetlands Egypt Greywater or wastewater Middle East & Nothern Africa Other funding source or unspecified Product design and engineering Resource recovery Specific to one or several countries Treatment of wastewater or greywater University, education or research institution Urban (entire city) Water (irrigation, process, other)

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