Published in: 2009
Women in Europe for a Common Future (WECF), The Netherlands, Germany, France
Deegener, S. et al.
School sanitation is an important but often neglected issue for public health. Children are most vulnerable and affected by poor sanitation conditions. Related diseases, particularly diarrhoea and parasite infections hinder the children´s physical and intellectual development. In a number of countries, evaluations have shown that pupils are dropping out of school due to bad toilet conditions. This seems to be particularly the case for adolescent girls and leads to lower educational standards and attainment.
A wide variety of innovative school sanitation solutions exist,
for example decentralised systems with low flush toilets
connected to constructed wetlands, urine diverting dry toilets
and simple grey water treatment, low flush toilets connected
to biogas systems and many more. These decentralised
sanitation solutions are appropriate depending on the different
local conditions of available funds and materials, climate
functioning water supply systems, local engineering skills etc.
This publication will focus on one of the available solutions, that
of urine diverting dry school toilet systems.
Compared to conventional toilets, UDDTs offer the possibility to
explain the pupils in combination with the hygiene education
the inter-linkages between ecology, agriculture, nutrient- and
Through its pilot demonstrations of school toilets, WECF has
shown that the situation can be improved with fewer financial
resources compared to the installation of flush-toilets.
No infrastructure such as central water supply or sewerage
system is needed for the operation of the UDDT.
Deegener, S. et al. (2009). Sustainable and safe school sanitation - How to provide hygienic and affordable sanitation in areas without a functioning wastewater system. Examples from Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia. Women in Europe for a Common Future (WECF), The Netherlands, Germany, France
English Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia Faeces or faecal sludge Practitioners Schools Sustainable WASH in institutions and gender equality (WG7) Urine Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)
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