Shame, humiliation and hazard: Tribulations of the girl child in Kenya

Mungara, C. (2008)

Published in: 2008

33rd WEDC International Conference, Accra, Ghana (Access to sanitation and safe water: Global partnerships and local actions)

Mungara, C.

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Content - Summary

The Author has approached her presentation as a lamentation by a girl appropriately named ‘Hope’. This lamentation involves actual experiences that were told to the author by girls and women in Northern Eastern Kenya recently when she was engaged in the EU-UNICEF project on Sustainable Water Management and Governance for the Poor in Drought and Flood-prone areas. Hope talks of the poor water and sanitation facilities in schools in Kenya. She explains how girls miss classes to fetch water or simply because they are menstruating and cannot afford sanitary pads. Through her two sisters-one deceased and the other dying of HIV-AIDS. Hope also narrates the hazards that a girl child is exposed to and the humiliation of having to wait until night fall to go to the toilet. Lastly Hope sets out possible solutions that she views as appropriate in the circumstances.

Additional information

menstruation, MHM, menstrual hygiene management

Bibliographic information

Mungara, C. (2008). Shame, humiliation and hazard: Tribulations of the girl child in Kenya. 33rd WEDC International Conference, Accra, Ghana (Access to sanitation and safe water: Global partnerships and local actions)

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English Schools Sub-Saharan Africa


Shame, humiliation and hazard: Tribulations of the girl child in Kenya

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