Published in: 2011
Sustainable Sanitation Practice (SSP) Issue 6, Article 1, pp. 4-9, Ecosan Club Austria
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Three different models of simple and inexpensive Urine-diverting Dry Toilets (UDDTs) are described: a portable one for squatting made from a barrel, another portable one made from wood and linoleum, and a permanent one for squatting made with palm wood. A simple, portable urinal made from two plastic bottles is also described. These can be made at very low cost, with abundant natural materials, salvaged post-consumer waste, and items that are readily purchased almost anywhere. They may be especially applicable in poor communities, slums, farms, disaster relief camps, and temporary events, plus they may be used to train and screen users before building more elegant UDDTs. With these designs, conversion to UDDTs may be more a matter of paradigm shift than capital investment.
Canaday, C. (2011). Simple urine-diverting dry toilets built with recycled or readily available materials. Sustainable Sanitation Practice (SSP) Issue 6, Article 1, pp. 4-9, Ecosan Club Austria
English Latin America & Caribbean Practitioners Rural Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)
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