Cookie tracking notice
Are we allowed to crumble with cookies and anonymous tracking?

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site (so called session cookies), while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). We use the application Matomo and the external service etracker to analyze your behavior on our website anonymously. Because we value your privacy, we are here with asking your permission to use the following technologies. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy

Effluent reuse from constructed wetland system Haran Al-Awamied, Syria - Case study of sustainable sanitation projects

Mohamed, A., Klingel, F., Bracken, P., Werner, C., von Münch, E., Ingle, R. (2009)

Published in: 2009

Publisher:
Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)

Author:
Mohamed, A., Klingel, F., Bracken, P., Werner, C., von Münch, E., Ingle, R.

Uploaded by:
SuSanA secretariat

Partner profile:
common upload


14988 Views
259 Downloads


 Location of library entry

Content - Summary

This is a case study about a pilot project of a constructed wetland (reed bed system) for domestic wastewater treatment in a rural area, with reuse in agriculture in Syria. It was implemented by GTZ on behalf of the German Ministry BMZ. The aim is to test the suitability of constructed wetlands for the treatment of wastewater in Syria considering factors such as social acceptance, relevant legal aspects, operation and maintenance issues and financial sustainability.

In Syria, much of the water resources are used inefficiently and uneconomically. Agriculture currently uses around 87% of the available freshwater resources for irrigation, supplemented by the use of untreated wastewater, which leads to health hazards.

Construction began in April 1999, and the operation of the plant began 1.5 years later in November 2000. The design value for the wastewater treatment system was 7,000 people and 43 L per person per day, which is a rather low figure compared to more affluent populations. The treatment plant thus has a design capacity to treat 300 m³/d. However, the actual measured influent flowrate in 2009 was about 600 m3/d, due to population growth in the area. Thus, the plant is now overloaded, but appears to be functioning quite well (albeit at its limits, with some water-logging being evident).

The treated wastewater fulfills the irrigation water quality set by the Syrian Arab Organization for Standardization and Metrology (SASMO) which are based on the WHO standards, and were recently updated (in 2008).

Bibliographic information

Mohamed, A., Klingel, F., Bracken, P., Werner, C., von Münch, E., Ingle, R. (2009). Effluent reuse from constructed wetland system Haran Al-Awamied, Syria - Case study of sustainable sanitation projects. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)

Filter tags

Case studies in SuSanA template Constructed wetlands English Greywater or wastewater Middle East & North Africa Rural

Download

Effluent reuse from constructed wetland system Haran Al-Awamied, Syria

Format: pdf file
Size: 0.94 MB

Share this page on    


Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 400 partners

Networks Circle

 

Latest SuSanA Blog Articles

  • 22-07-2024Andy Narracott:
    Breaking the Myths: Common Misconceptions About Safely Managed Sanitation »
  • 05-07-2024Lourdes Valenzuela:
    Brasilia June 2024: SIRWASH Dialogues: Public Policies for Economic Accessibility to Rural Water and Sanitation Services in the Context of Latin American and Caribbean Countries »
  • 11-06-2024 Ann Thomas:
    Nature Calls – why sanitation is the logical starting point for fighting climate change »
  • 07-05-2024Jeremy Kohlitz,Kaiea Ribanataake Awira,Ngaouea Neemia:
    Can Kiritimati become a model circular economy society? Water and sanitation as potential entry points »
  • 26-03-2024Alice Brandt ,Mascha Kaddori:
    Let’s get wild: Water, sanitation and hygiene at the human-wildlife interface »
  • 21-03-2024Tabeer Riaz:
    Empowering Young Women Water Professionals in South Asia: Leading the Wave of Change »
  • 12-03-2024Beauty Mkoba:
    Unlocking the potential of African Women in STEM through mentorship »

SuSanA Blog »

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

 


close  

 

Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:

Projects

The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.


Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (310 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium

Humanitarian Sanitation Hub

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub

 


close  

 

Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »


Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »


Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member

Login


Forgot your password?
Forgot your username?

 


close