Cookie tracking notice
Are we allowed to crumble with cookies and anonymous tracking?

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site (so called session cookies), while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). We use the application Matomo and the external service etracker to analyze your behavior on our website anonymously. Because we value your privacy, we are here with asking your permission to use the following technologies. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy

Ecological Sanitation in peri-urban area of El Alto city, Bolivia - EcoSan a gran escala en una zona periurbana El Alto, Bolivia (in English and Spanish) - Case study of sustainable sanitation projects

Suntura, C., Sandoval, B. (2012)

Published in: 2012

SuSanA, Fundación Sumaj Huasi, Stockholm Environment Institute

Suntura, C., Sandoval, B.

Uploaded by:
SuSanA secretariat

Partner profile:
common upload


 Location of library entry

Content - Summary

This case study describes the project of UDDTs construction in El Alto, Bolivia. The project developed by the NGO Fundación Sumaj Huasi (La Paz) and had financial support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), technical support from Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and political support from Ministry of Environment and Water of Bolivia, Vice Ministry of Potable Water and Basic Sanitation, Federation of Neighbourhood Association of El Alto city (Fejuve), and local sub municipalities

The project constructed 897 UDDT units and benefited around 4,485 persons. It was implemented the District 7, a peri-urban area with an estimated population of roughly 27,000, composed mainly of Aymara indigenous people. The technology applied is a UDDT toilet with container, treatment of grey water at the household level, and collective management of the urine and faeces. Further tests with the sub-products guarantee total safe reuse of the nutrients and water.

The EcoSan approach was chosen due to its basic principle of zero or minimal use of water, an important adaptation measure in the face of rising temperatures and other climate change impact, while closing loops of water and nutrients. EcoSan also has been shown to be effective and lower in cost than centralised sanitation technologies. Further elements components of the project include collection, treatment and collective management of the products.


Este caso de estudio describe el proyecto de saneamiento ecológico en El Alto, Bolivia. El proyecto fue desarrollado por la ONG Fundación Sumaj Huasi (La Paz) y contó con el apoyo financiero de la Agencia Sueca de Desarrollo Internacional (Sida), el apoyo técnico del Instituto Ambiental de Estocolmo (SEI) y el apoyo político del Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua de Bolivia Vice Ministerio de Agua Potable y Saneamiento Básico, La Federación de Juntas Vecinales de la ciudad de El Alto (Fejuve-El Alto), y sub- secciones de municipios.

El proyecto construyó 897 unidades sanitarias y benefició alrededor 4.485 personas. Se implementó el proyecto en Distrito 7, una zona peri-urbana con una población estimada de 27.000, compuesta principalmente por los indígenas aimaras. La tecnología aplicada es un inodoro UDDT (sanitarios secos con desviación de orina) con un contenedor, manejo de aguas grises en los hogares, y la gestión colectiva de orina y heces. El tratamiento y seguimiento de calidad de los sub-productos garantizan la reutilización segura de los nutrientes.

El enfoque ecosan fue elegido debido a su principio básico de cero o mínimo uso de agua, una medida de adaptación importante de cara a las crecientes temperaturas y otros efectos del cambio climático, y el cierre de ciclo de agua y nutrientes. La tecnología decentralizada de EcoSan también ha demostrado ser eficaz y con un costo menor comparado con tecnologías convencionales de saneamiento centralizado.

Bibliographic information

Suntura, C., Sandoval, B. (2012). Ecological Sanitation in peri-urban area of El Alto city, Bolivia - EcoSan a gran escala en una zona periurbana El Alto, Bolivia (in English and Spanish) - Case study of sustainable sanitation projects. SuSanA, Fundación Sumaj Huasi, Stockholm Environment Institute

Filter tags

Case studies in SuSanA template English Latin America & Caribbean Peri-urban Spanish Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)



Format: pdf file
Size: 0.85 MB


Format: pdf file
Size: 0.84 MB

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 400 partners

Networks Circle


Latest SuSanA Blog Articles

  • 05-07-2024Lourdes Valenzuela:
    Brasilia June 2024: SIRWASH Dialogues: Public Policies for Economic Accessibility to Rural Water and Sanitation Services in the Context of Latin American and Caribbean Countries »
  • 11-06-2024 Ann Thomas:
    Nature Calls – why sanitation is the logical starting point for fighting climate change »
  • 07-05-2024Jeremy Kohlitz,Kaiea Ribanataake Awira,Ngaouea Neemia:
    Can Kiritimati become a model circular economy society? Water and sanitation as potential entry points »
  • 26-03-2024Alice Brandt ,Mascha Kaddori:
    Let’s get wild: Water, sanitation and hygiene at the human-wildlife interface »
  • 21-03-2024Tabeer Riaz:
    Empowering Young Women Water Professionals in South Asia: Leading the Wave of Change »
  • 12-03-2024Beauty Mkoba:
    Unlocking the potential of African Women in STEM through mentorship »
  • 08-03-2024Gloria Mariga :
    Mentorship empowers African women to lead environmental stewardship »

SuSanA Blog »

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »




Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (310 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium

Humanitarian Sanitation Hub

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?
Forgot your username?