Cookie tracking notice
Are we allowed to crumble with cookies and anonymous tracking?

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site (so called session cookies), while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). We use the application Matomo and the external service etracker to analyze your behavior on our website anonymously. Because we value your privacy, we are here with asking your permission to use the following technologies. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy

Technical support to the state government of Maharashtra on urban sanitation and FSSM

2019 - 2023 • Center for Water and Sanitation, CRDF, CEPT University


Providing technical support to enable the Government of Maharashtra in scaling up citywide inclusive sanitation service delivery across urban Maharashtra, focusing on introducing regular, equitable and inclusive desludging practices and ensuring treatment


The State government in Maharashtra achieved Open Defecation Free status on 1st October 2017 under its Swachh Maharashtra Mission for Urban Areas (SMMUA) by making all its cities ODF. The state intends to roll out FSSM across all 393 cities in the state. In enabling Government of Maharashtra in scaling up of citywide inclusive sanitation service delivery across urban Maharashtra and ensuring the treatment of faecal sludge and septage, the following key activities have been undertaken.

Developing policies for state-wide scale-up of FSSM services with a focus on citywide and inclusive implementation of FSSM measures across cities of Maharashtra along with a strategy and investment plan for phase wise implementation to ensure sustainability. Operational guidelines and standard operating procedures for scheduled emptying and FSTP operations including model contracts were prepared.

In order to sustain the current ODF status, rollout of a state-wide comprehensive and inclusive IEC and BCC communication campaign for ODF Sustainability and FSSM is required. A Behaviour Change and communications strategy and plans were developed. Existing national and state level communication toolkits are adapted to the local context at divisions and ULBs and communication guidelines on inclusivity were integrated into the overall campaign.

A state level monitoring system and Quality Assurance framework was setup for monitoring FSSM implementation in the state. Capacity of the regional labs for effluent and output testing were done. Local institutes are being identified which will provide long term technical support to the cities through their capacity building.

Capacity building of ULBs in Maharashtra on planning, implementation and service delivery of citywide FSSM has been undertaken. This was done through training programmes. Pilot cities have been developed as models to other cities for implementation of robust business models and delivery of quality services. Model Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) and tenders across the sanitation chain which focus on inclusivity and gender integration were shared. Mechanisms of financing operations and maintenance of FSSM services are being demonstrated.

Dissemination and capacity building support to sector partners in India and globally for innovations taken up by Maharashtra for FSSM.


« previousnext »

© • •

Construction of FSTPs in cities across Maharashtra

© • •

Decanting at the FSTP

© • •

Faecal Sludge Treatment Plant

Countries of activity

Location of main activity


1. To support the state in sustaining ODF status in the cities of Maharashtra and advance towards scaling up of FSSM solutions in urban areas.

2. To strengthen the state institutions in delivery of effective sanitation services across urban Maharashtra.

3. To build capacity of the ULBs in Maharashtra and enable them to move towards citywide inclusive FSSM services.

4. To provide capacity building support to sector partners by dissemination of the innovative FSSM practices taken up by Maharashtra.

Further information

Partners include Government of Maharashtra and Bill and Melinda Gates foundation

Contact information

Dr. Meera Mehta
Login to see the e-mail-adress of the contact person.

Dr. Dinesh Mehta
Login to see the e-mail-adress of the contact person.

CWAS, CRDF, CEPT University
Login to see the e-mail-adress of the contact person.

Filter tags

Behaviour change Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Capacity development Cities East Asia & Pacific Educators Emptying and transport (non sewered) Enabling environment and institutional strengthening Faecal sludge treatment processes Faeces or faecal sludge Fundamental research and engineering Greywater or wastewater Health and hygiene Operation, maintenance and sustainable services Political processes and institutional aspects Politicians and local decision makers Practitioners Public awareness, advocacy and civil society engagement Resource recovery Specific to one or several countries Technology comparisons Toilets or urinals (user interface) Treatment of faecal sludge Treatment of wastewater or greywater University, education or research institution Urban (entire city) Urban informal settlements (slums)

Attached files

Making Maharashtra ODF

Format: pdf file
Size: 3.98 MB

Documentation on cities sustaining ODF status

Format: pdf file
Size: 5.26 MB

Septage Management guidelines

Format: pdf file
Size: 2.13 MB

Guidelines for ULBs for implementing FSSM plan

Format: pdf file
Size: 3.5 MB


Center for Water and Sanitation, CRDF, CEPT University

CEPT is a University for Planning, Environment, Development, Human Habitat & Technology. CEPT, an autonomous institution was established in the year 1972. Since 1994 CEPT has been registered as a separate society & a Public Trust. Through an act of Govt. of Gujarat in April 2005, CEPT has been conferred the status of University.

view profile page

Uploaded by:
Center for Water and Sanitation CRDF, CEPT University (CWASCEPT)

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 400 partners

Show all partners »

Networks Circle


Latest SuSanA Blog Articles

  • 05-07-2024Lourdes Valenzuela:
    Brasilia June 2024: SIRWASH Dialogues: Public Policies for Economic Accessibility to Rural Water and Sanitation Services in the Context of Latin American and Caribbean Countries »
  • 11-06-2024 Ann Thomas:
    Nature Calls – why sanitation is the logical starting point for fighting climate change »
  • 07-05-2024Jeremy Kohlitz,Kaiea Ribanataake Awira,Ngaouea Neemia:
    Can Kiritimati become a model circular economy society? Water and sanitation as potential entry points »
  • 26-03-2024Alice Brandt ,Mascha Kaddori:
    Let’s get wild: Water, sanitation and hygiene at the human-wildlife interface »
  • 21-03-2024Tabeer Riaz:
    Empowering Young Women Water Professionals in South Asia: Leading the Wave of Change »
  • 12-03-2024Beauty Mkoba:
    Unlocking the potential of African Women in STEM through mentorship »
  • 08-03-2024Gloria Mariga :
    Mentorship empowers African women to lead environmental stewardship »

SuSanA Blog »

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »




Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (310 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium

Humanitarian Sanitation Hub

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?
Forgot your username?