Technical support to the state government of Maharashtra on urban sanitation and FSSM

2019 - 2023 • Center for Water and Sanitation, CRDF, CEPT University


Providing technical support to enable the Government of Maharashtra in scaling up citywide inclusive sanitation service delivery across urban Maharashtra, focusing on introducing regular, equitable and inclusive desludging practices and ensuring treatment


The State government in Maharashtra achieved Open Defecation Free status on 1st October 2017 under its Swachh Maharashtra Mission for Urban Areas (SMMUA) by making all its cities ODF. The state intends to roll out FSSM across all 393 cities in the state. In enabling Government of Maharashtra in scaling up of citywide inclusive sanitation service delivery across urban Maharashtra and ensuring the treatment of faecal sludge and septage, the following key activities have been undertaken.

Developing policies for state-wide scale-up of FSSM services with a focus on citywide and inclusive implementation of FSSM measures across cities of Maharashtra along with a strategy and investment plan for phase wise implementation to ensure sustainability. Operational guidelines and standard operating procedures for scheduled emptying and FSTP operations including model contracts were prepared.

In order to sustain the current ODF status, rollout of a state-wide comprehensive and inclusive IEC and BCC communication campaign for ODF Sustainability and FSSM is required. A Behaviour Change and communications strategy and plans were developed. Existing national and state level communication toolkits are adapted to the local context at divisions and ULBs and communication guidelines on inclusivity were integrated into the overall campaign.

A state level monitoring system and Quality Assurance framework was setup for monitoring FSSM implementation in the state. Capacity of the regional labs for effluent and output testing were done. Local institutes are being identified which will provide long term technical support to the cities through their capacity building.

Capacity building of ULBs in Maharashtra on planning, implementation and service delivery of citywide FSSM has been undertaken. This was done through training programmes. Pilot cities have been developed as models to other cities for implementation of robust business models and delivery of quality services. Model Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) and tenders across the sanitation chain which focus on inclusivity and gender integration were shared. Mechanisms of financing operations and maintenance of FSSM services are being demonstrated.

Dissemination and capacity building support to sector partners in India and globally for innovations taken up by Maharashtra for FSSM.


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Construction of FSTPs in cities across Maharashtra

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Decanting at the FSTP

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Faecal Sludge Treatment Plant

Countries of activity

Location of main activity


1. To support the state in sustaining ODF status in the cities of Maharashtra and advance towards scaling up of FSSM solutions in urban areas.

2. To strengthen the state institutions in delivery of effective sanitation services across urban Maharashtra.

3. To build capacity of the ULBs in Maharashtra and enable them to move towards citywide inclusive FSSM services.

4. To provide capacity building support to sector partners by dissemination of the innovative FSSM practices taken up by Maharashtra.

Further information

Partners include Government of Maharashtra and Bill and Melinda Gates foundation

Contact information

Dr. Meera Mehta
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Dr. Dinesh Mehta
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CWAS, CRDF, CEPT University
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Filter tags

Asia & Pacific Behaviour change Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Capacity development Cities Educators Emptying and transport (non sewered) Enabling environment and institutional strengthening Faecal sludge treatment processes Faeces or faecal sludge Fundamental research and engineering Greywater or wastewater Health and hygiene Operation, maintenance and sustainable services Political processes and institutional aspects Politicians and local decision makers Practitioners Public awareness, advocacy and civil society engagement Resource recovery Specific to one or several countries Technology comparisons Toilets or urinals (user interface) Treatment of faecal sludge Treatment of wastewater or greywater University, education or research institution Urban (entire city) Urban informal settlements (slums)

Attached files

Making Maharashtra ODF

Format: pdf file
Size: 3.98 MB

Documentation on cities sustaining ODF status

Format: pdf file
Size: 5.26 MB

Septage Management guidelines

Format: pdf file
Size: 2.13 MB

Guidelines for ULBs for implementing FSSM plan

Format: pdf file
Size: 3.5 MB


Center for Water and Sanitation, CRDF, CEPT University

CEPT is a University for Planning, Environment, Development, Human Habitat & Technology. CEPT, an autonomous institution was established in the year 1972. Since 1994 CEPT has been registered as a separate society & a Public Trust. Through an act of Govt. of Gujarat in April 2005, CEPT has been conferred the status of University.

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