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Reset

Are you a teacher and looking for training materials?

Our School Activity Collection assembles various activities on the vital topics of WASH, energy conservation, biodiversity and waste management.

Have a look

 

51 Views
9 Downloads

Jean Kajyibwami and Alejandra Burchard (2018)

SFD Report - Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Ouagadougou is the capital of Burkina Faso and the largest city of the country. It is located in the central region of Burkina Faso and had a population of 2,532,311 in 2015 (INSD, 2015) and projected total population of more than 2.7 million in 2017 (ONEA, 2017). The population density is estimated to be 903 persons per km2 within its municipal council area of 2,805 km2. Additionally, the annual …

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55 Views
13 Downloads

Antje Heyer and Leonie Kappauf (2018)

SFD Report - Mavoko, Kenya

Mavoko Town is one of the eight sub-counties of Machakos County in Kenya, which is located around 30km southeast of Nairobi. The whole area of Mavoko covers 963 km2 including large rural parts. This SFD focuses on the service area of the local Water Service Provider (WSP) named Mavoko Water and Sewerage Company (MAVWASCO). The WSP serves the urban agglomerations of Mavoko, which are organized in …

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56 Views
27 Downloads

Leonie Kappauf, Antje Heyer, Tumba Makuwa and Yulia Titova (2018)

SFD Report - Lusaka, Zambia

Lusaka is the capital city of Zambia. Situated in the central part of Zambia on the Central African Plateau it is one of the fastest-developing cities in Southern Africa. Lusaka is both the political and economic centre of Zambia. Lusaka District is located within Lusaka Province, the smallest but most densely populated of the eleven Zambian provinces (CSO, 2014). According to projections by the …

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39 Views
8 Downloads

GFA Consulting Group GmbH (2018)

SFD Report - Kakuma, Kenya

The SFD graphic and report covers Kakuma town and Kakuma refugee camp. Kakuma town is located in northern Kenya, in the northwestern part of Turkana County approximately 123 km north of the county capital Lodwar and about 100 km east from the border to South Sudan. Kakuma town is located on the eastern bank of Tarach River. In 2018, the town population is around 58,878 inhabitants. Kakuma refugee …

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48 Views
14 Downloads

Dr. Roger Feumba, Alejandra Burchard and Leonie Kappauf (2018)

SFD Report - Douala, Cameroon

Douala is the economic capital of Cameroon. In 2005, Douala had 1,907,479 inhabitants (RGPH, 2010). With a growth rate of 4.7%, the population of the city was estimated to be 3,309,939 inhabitants in 2017. The total area of the city (excluding Douala VI and Wouri River) is about 41,000ha. According to ENSP/L3E (2014), 30 to 40% of the area is occupied by slums. Only 50% of housing in Douala can …

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46 Views
12 Downloads

Lena Westhof and Thuylinh Dang (2018)

SFD Report - Da Lat, Vietnam

Da Lat is located on the Langbiang highland plateau at the northern area of Lam Dong Province. The city consists of 12 wards and 4 communes with a total population of 226,978 people by the end of 2017 (CIPTT, 2018). The maximum population density in the central region is 15,632 people/km2, and only 100 people/km2 in the communes.
Nearly 100% of the population in Da Lat uses onsite sanitation …

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35 Views
7 Downloads

Pia Fischer, Lena Westhof and Thuylinh Dang (2018)

SFD Report - Buon Ma Thuot, Vietnam

Buon Ma Thuot is the capital city of Dak Lak province. It is located in the southwest of Dak Lak and borders Dak Nong province in the west and four districts of Dak Lak province in the other directions. It has a population of about 457,000 (Statistic Office of Vietnam, 2016) with a general growth rate of 1.12% per year.
In Buon Ma Thuot, 18% of the population uses offsite sanitation systems. A …

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32 Views
13 Downloads

Iqbal Badruddin (2018)

SFD Report - Thatta, Pakistan

Thatta is the main city of Thatta district, in the province of Sindh, Pakistan and has a population of 101,833 (Census, 2017) individuals in 17,998 households. Thatta city is spread over an area of 3823 km² (urban/Rural) and has a population density of 109 people per km².
There are no pit latrines in Thatta, and there is almost no use of septic tanks. 85% of the population uses offsite …

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31 Views
4 Downloads

WaterAid (2018)

SFD Report - Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso

Ouahigouya is a mid-sized city located in the northern part of Burkina Faso and is the capital of the Province of Yatenga. Ouahigouya is approximately 180 km from Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso. Ouahigouya district is composed of both urban and rural areas. The urban area is 108 km2 and is divided into 15 administrative areas. The rural area is composed of 37 villages. The total …

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36 Views
13 Downloads

WaterAid Nepal (2018)

SFD Report - Lahan, Nepal

Lahan Municipality is a small commercial town in Siraha District, located in province number 2 in Nepal. It has a population of about 93,000 people and is nearly 350 kilometres east of the capital city Kathmandu. The majority of the population in Lahan (92%) uses onsite sanitation systems. 3% of the residents use toilets discharging directly into open drains, while an estimated 5% practices open …

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33 Views
8 Downloads

James W. Dumpert, Sokha Mok and Dina Kuy (2018)

SFD Report - Kampong Chhnang, Cambodia

The Cambodian town of Kampong Chhnang is the capital of Kampong Chhnang Province. The Province is located to the northwest of Phnom Penh, the country’s capital and occupies the south-eastern edge of the Tonle Sap Basin. It borders Kampong Thom to the North, Kampong Cham to the East, Kampong Speu to the South and Pursat to the West. According to the Kampong Chhnang Municipal Authority, the …

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51 Views
18 Downloads

Iqbal Badruddin (2018)

SFD Report - Jatoi, Pakistan

Jatoi city has twenty-two urban wards and is located in the Muzaffargarh district of Southern Punjab. The city is a peri-urban area and most of the settlements are informal. Lack of available land is a common issue. The total population of the city is 159,144, according to the 2017 census report. Most houses have their own latrines, and hand washing facilities range from jerry cans to wash …

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95 Views
5 Downloads

Jacob, N. (2018)

ODF+, ODF++ and Sustainability of Sanitation
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis

The responses provided a canvas of problems with sustaining ODF that covers technical, behavioural and physical issues. These issues, persistent since before SBM, must be overcome before India could move onto ODF+, ODF++ and ODF-S. All the issues were related to the ODF-centric approach of SBM that focussed only on toilet coverage.

The technical problems concerned the quality of construction …

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176 Views
0 Downloads

Myers, J., Cavill, S., Musyoki, S., Pasteur, K., Stevens, L. (2018)

Innovations for Urban Sanitation
Adapting Community-led Approaches

Over half the world’s population now lives in urban areas and a large proportion of them lives without improved sanitation. Efforts to tackle open defecation in rural areas has been led by the Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) movement. But how can the community mobilization techniques of CLTS be adapted to the more complex situations and transient populations in urban areas? How can …

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196 Views
10 Downloads

GIZ (2018)

Sanitation for Millions: Improving access to safe and adequate sanitation
(in English and German)

The international Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) – launched in 2015 – explicitly target to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation by 2030. The German Development Cooperation with the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) as lead donor and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) …

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192 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management An Orientation Module for Rajashtan
An Orientation Module for Rajasthan (Part B: Reading and Reference Material)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

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192 Views
0 Downloads

NIUA (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management
An Orientation Module for Rajashtan (Part A: Presentation Slides)

About the Training Modules

Training Modules on decentralsid sanitation, septage and waste water have been developed, tested and delivered by SCBP during 2016-17, during training of government officials from UP, Rajasthan, MP, Telengana, Bihar, Karnataka, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. These Modules have also been used in Training of Trainers(ToTs) of Amrut Nodal Agencies, Academia, …

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205 Views
8 Downloads

BMGF (2018)

MEDS Convening 2018
Conversations about Sanitation, SDGs and Research

The Measurement, Evidence, and Dissemination, for Scale (MEDS) initiative was created by merging the Measurement, Learning and Evaluation (MLE) initiative with the Building Demand for Sanitation (BDS) initiative at the end of 2015. The 2017 MEDS Convening was the 2nd convening under MEDS but the 6th annual meeting for many of the participants, formally convening under the BDS portfolio.

In …

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79 Views
0 Downloads

UNICEF Malawi (2013)

How to Trigger for Hand Washing with Soap
A Guide to CLTS Triggering Tools that Result in Hand Washing Practice

Since Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is our key intervention for sanitation and hygiene promotion in Malawi, it provides an excellent opportunity to facilitate hand washing behavior change. However, up till now, the “triggering tools” for achieving HWWS behavior change from CLTS have not been well known by implementers in Malawi. The purpose of this document is to outline several …

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103 Views
0 Downloads

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Health (2011)

Community-Led Total Sanitation and Hygiene (CLTSH) Training Manual

The heart of the program is about “triggering” or “igniting” communities to change their hygiene and sanitation habits, namely by constructing and using latrines instead of defecating in the open. In Ethiopia, CLTS was the precursor to CLTSH, a modified version that has an added hygiene component. As with its predecessor, CLTSH functions without subsidies and has as its primary goal the …

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266 Views
10 Downloads

Government of Gujarat (2015)

Guidelines for Open Defecation Free Gujarat

This guideline is a ready reckoner for Urban Local Bodies of Gujarat to achieve Open Defecation Free cities/towns. The document has been prepared based on the National guidelines of Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).
The document highlights strategies for achieving OD free settlements include but are not limited to:
1. Ensuring adequacy of toilets –individual and public toilets and Effective …

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935 Views
30 Downloads

NIUA and UMC (2018)

Faecal Sludge and Septage Management: An Orientation Module

The Handbook is an initiative of Sanitation Capacity Building Platform (SCBP) to build capacities in Feacal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) for officials of urban local bodies (ULB), para state technical agencies, administrators and professionals from the private sector and Non-governmental Organizations. It is meant to be freely used by any can organization (public or private), national and …

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458 Views
0 Downloads

CEPT University & RCUES, AIILSG (2017)

ODF and ODF Sustainability Workshop

Sanitation has been on the forefront of development agenda in India. The Government of India's Swachh Bharat Mission aims to make the whole country Open Defecation Free by 2019. How cities become ODF and what can other cities learn from ODF cities? This was the aim in organising a two day workshop for city officials from Rajasthan. The workshop also included a visit to an ODF city. It was …

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251 Views
8 Downloads

Patimo, F., Jones, C. (2016)

'Get a Toilet' Building Demand for Toilets

Unilever convened a group of like-minded companies, NGO’s and research professionals, with expertise in sanitation and marketing and a desire to take immediate action to address this issue.

The focus has been on households having access to their own toilet, either inside or outside the home. In particular the low LSM consumer, whose basic needs for food & shelter are met and who have some …

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258 Views
0 Downloads

DFID, UNWATER, UNICEF, WSSCC and Care Bangladesh. (2008)

Community Led Total Sanitation in Bangladesh
A documentary video

The video is a documentary about the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach, an innovative methodology for mobilising communities to completely eliminate open defecation and take their own action to become open defecation free. It shows projects in Bangladesh and interviews with one of its pioneers Dr. Kamal Kar.

It has been produced 2008 within the BBC earth report series on …

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420 Views
0 Downloads

Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (2017)

SuSanA India Chapter Seminar
Corporate Engagement in Urban Sanitation

The SuSanA India Chapter seminar took place in Pune, 18 November 2017 in the course of the SANIVATION’17 event. It was organized by the Ecosan Services Foundation, the India Sanitation Coalition and the SuSanA secretariat. The context of the topic was that Maharashtra State Government has recently declared all cities to be open defecation-free (ODF).
The seminar successfully connected …

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213 Views
8 Downloads

WSP, UNICEF (2015)

Management of Child Faeces: Current Disposal Practices
Research Brief

Safe disposal of children’s feces is as essential as that of adults’ feces. The Joint Monitoring Program for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) tracks progress toward the Millennium Development Goal 7 target to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. The JMP standardized definition for an improved sanitation facility is …

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264 Views
4 Downloads

Furlong, C., Gibson, W. T., Oak, A., Thakar, G., Kodgire, M. (2016)

Technical and user evaluation of a novel worm-based, on-site sanitation system in rural India

The technical performance and user acceptance of a novel on-site sanitation system based on vermifiltration was tested for over 12 months in rural India. Ten households (mean household size = 5.6 people) who had previously practised open defecation trialled a pour flush toilet linked to a vermifilter, together known as a ‘Tiger Toilet’. Technical parameters which were monitored over this …

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740 Views
81 Downloads

Population Services International (PSI) (2018)

SFD Report - Patna, India

Patna, the state capital of Bihar, is situated on the southern bank of Ganga River. The city is surrounded by two other rivers on two other sides: Sone River and Pun-Pun River.
Patna is the second largest city in eastern India after Kolkata. For the preparation of the SFD, the territory of Patna Municipal Corporation (PMC) is selected.
The total population of the city is 1.68 million with …

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431 Views
4 Downloads

Tilmans, S., Russel, K., Sklar, R., Page, L., Kramer, S., Davis, J. (2015)

Container-based sanitation
assessing costs and effectiveness of excreta management in Cap Haitien, Haiti

Container-based sanitation (CBS) – in which wastes are captured in sealable containers that are then transported to treatment facilities – is an alternative sanitation option in urban areas where on-site sanitation and sewerage are infeasible. This paper presents the results of a pilot household CBS service in Cap Haitien, Haiti. We quantify the excreta generated weekly in a dense urban slum, …

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697 Views
80 Downloads

Eawag-Sandec (2018)

SFD Report - Tikapur, Nepal

Tikapur is a municipality of over 60,000 inhabitants (56,136, 2011 census), located on the right bank of the Karnali river in the Terai district of Kailali, far western region. It is a “new town” and was founded about 50 years ago and is composed of four main different socio-economic settings. There is a well-planned core-urban area in Ward 9, which is based on a master plan prepared in 1972, …

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678 Views
36 Downloads

Swachha Andhra Corporation (SAC (2016)

Guidelines for Public and Community Toilets Management
By Cities in Andrah Pradesh - SNUSP II

Elimination of open defecation is one of the key components of the Swachh Andhra Mission. In order to achieve open defecation free towns, ensuring adequacy through construction of toilets –individual, community and public toilets and effective operations and maintenance is the strategic approach which the scheme emphasizes. Individual Household Toilet (IHHT) is a major component of the SBM. …

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939 Views
67 Downloads

Dr. Uday Tekale, Dhanashree Gurav, Meena Narula, Adwait Joshi (2017)

SuSanA India Chapter Seminar in Pune, 19th November 2017
Presentations of Speakers & Minutes of Meeting

The SuSanA India Chapter seminar about the topic towards ODF+ Urban Maharashtra was held in Pune, India on 18 November 2017 during the event SANIVATION’17 around World Toilet Day. Please also find the final report of the conference below.

The context of the seminar was that Maharashtra State Government has recently declared all cities to be open defecation free (ODF). The seminar encouraged …

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1906 Views
168 Downloads

Furlong, C. (2016)

SFD Report - Santa Cruz, Bolivia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Santa Cruz de la Serria Metropolitan Area (SCMA) is the second largest urban area in Bolivia. It is a major economic centre in Bolivia. There are approximately 1.9 million inhabitants in SCMA. The city is considered to be one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Santa Cruz is located in eastern Bolivia on the Pirai Riva at an altitude of 416 m above sea level. SCMA has a tropical savanna …

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5254 Views
324 Downloads

SuSanA (2017)

Contribution of sustainable sanitation to the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development
SuSanA Vision Document 2017

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) was formed in 2007 with the aim of promoting and lobbying for sustainability in sanitation in the context of the Millennium Development Goals. Over the last 10 years SuSanA has made a significant contribution to sector development, with sector actors now focussing increasingly on the sustainability of sanitation services in a variety of ways. …

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2256 Views
27 Downloads

Jacob, N. (2016)

On the way to "clean India": 2 years of Swacch Bharat Mission (Urban)
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis Document

With the implementation of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, disucssions around Sanitation in India are held in a regular period on the SuSanA Forum.
In India, Swachh Bharat Mission has been launched 2nd October 2014 to eradicate open defecation and implement behaviour change across India´s society. The following is a synthesis of the posts published during the discussion about the challenges and …

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2412 Views
30 Downloads

Jacob, N., von Falkenhausen, A., Bauer, M. (2016)

On the way to "clean India": 2 years of Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin) (Rural)
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis Document

With the implementation of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, this TDS was the first with focus on sanitation in India. Since it was launched 2nd October, 2014, Swacch Bharat Mission (SBM) has been one of the Indian government’s flagship programmes to eradicate open defecation and implement behaviour change across India´s society.

The first thematic online discussion of the India Sanitation …

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2182 Views
65 Downloads

Hutton, G., Varughese, M. (2016)

The costs of meeting the 2030 Sustainable Development Goal targets on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene

This study provides an assessment of the global costs of meeting the WASH-related targets of SDG 6. The targets assessed include achieving universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all (target 6.1), achieving access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and ending open defecation (target 6.2). The estimates include 140 countries, or 85% of the …

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1598 Views
12 Downloads

Abramovsky, L. et al. (2016)

Improving CLTS targeting: Evidence from Nigeria

Many low-income countries face the hefty challenge of increasing sanitation coverage, in both rural and urban areas, which demand di erent solutions. In response, governments, with support from international agencies, bilateral donors and non-government organisations, are deploying a range of programmes and policies to accelerate progress towards the new global goals. Community-led total …

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1609 Views
21 Downloads

Eremutha, F. et al. (2016)

Evaluation of sanitary conditions in Kuje Market in Abuja, Nigeria with diverse cultural practices and provision of a Dry Ecological Toilet System

This paper presents the general sanitation practices by the traders in a major market in Kuje located in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja and our efforts in reorientating the market stakeholders towards the provision and use of a new dry sanitation toilet complex. The market is known for its diversity in Nigerian ethnicity, culture and the variety of goods and services. A novel toilet …

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2286 Views
101 Downloads

Veses, O. et al. (2016)

SFD Report - Bure, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Bure is located 400 km north of the capital Addis Ababa and 148 km south west of Bahir Dar and is within the Amhara State, Western Gojjam Administrative Zone of Ethiopia. It has a total urban population of 27,386 people. The number of Open Defecation is only 2%. Nevertheless, none of the city's excreta is delivered to a treatment plant. Therefore, only 33% of the city's excreta is safely managed, …

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2307 Views
127 Downloads

Veses, O. et al. (2016)

SFD Report - Bishoftu, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Bishoftu is located in the state of Oromia, Ethiopia, approximately 47 km south east of Addis Ababa. Its topography is undulating and characterized by flat land on the north and east parts of the city, locked by several lakes, while the south is dominated by hills (BCP, 2015). The geographical area of the city is about 15,273 ha, and it lies at an altitude in the range of 1900 m. to 1995 m. The …

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2419 Views
272 Downloads

Veses, O. et al. (2016)

SFD Report - Axum, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Axum is located in the Tigray region in the northern tip of the Ethiopian Plateau. The town is 1,041km away from the capital, Addis Ababa, with a population of 46,887. The number of Open Defecation is only 4%. Nevertheless, none of the city's excreta is delivered to a treatment plant. Therefore, only 22% of the city's excreta is safely managed, while 78% is unsafely managed.

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2128 Views
11 Downloads

Ekane, N. et al. (2016)

Comparative assessment of sanitation and hygiene policies and institutional frameworks in Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania

Policies are considered critical for creating an enabling environment for improving access to sanitation and hygiene services. There are, however, certain requirements that policies must meet for them to be coherent and supportive. This paper presents a comparative assessment of the sanitation policy and institutional frameworks in Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania based on a …

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1815 Views
13 Downloads

Crocker, J. et al. (2016)

Teachers and sanitation promotion
An assessment of community- led total sanitation in Ethiopia

Community-led total sanitation (CLTS) is a participatory approach to addressing open defecation that has demonstrated success in previous studies, yet there is no research on how implementation arrangements and context change effectiveness. We used a quasi-experimental study design to compare two interventions in Ethiopia: conventional CLTS in which health workers and local leaders provided …

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2059 Views
24 Downloads

Chambers, R., Myers, J. (2016)

Norms, Knowledge and Usage
Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights Issue 7

The partial or total non-use of toilets, with some or all in a household defecating in the open, is a growing concern. Although all households may have a toilet, communities cannot remain open defecation free unless they are always used by everyone. This is not just an issue of maintenance and accessibility but also of social norms, mind-sets, and cultural preferences. The problem is widespread …

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2291 Views
17 Downloads

Maulit, J. A. (2014)

How to trigger for handwashing with soap
Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights Issue 2

The Open Defecation Free (ODF) Malawi 2015 Strategy and National Hand Washing Campaign have been contributing to an increased focus on handwashing with soap (HWWS) in Malawi.1 This is a very positive development!

Some studies estimate that washing hands with soap can reduce diarrhoeal disease rates by up to 50 per cent and respiratory disease rates by up to 25 per cent. This makes handwashing …

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2825 Views
258 Downloads

 

2653 Views
62 Downloads

Neal, D. et al. (2016)

Nudging and habit change for open defecation
New tactics from behavioral science

In this working paper, we draw on basic scientific findings from psychology, cognitive science, and behavioral economics to propose a framework of 8 System 1 Principles to support the initiation and maintenance of OD behavior change. In doing so, we build from the general framework advanced in the World Bank Group’s (2015) World Development Report: Mind, Society, and Behavior, which emphasized …

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2176 Views
19 Downloads

Simiyu, S. (2016)

Determinants of usage of communal sanitation facilities in informal settlements of Kisumu, Kenya

Residents of informal settlements in developing countries are faced with various challenges, including a lack of household sanitation facilities, which leads to use of alternative methods such as open defecation. The lack of household sanitation facilities and consequent use of improper methods necessitated the introduction of communal sanitation facilities in informal settlements as a way of …

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4863 Views
130 Downloads

Grange, C. (2016)

Faecal Sludge Management - WASH in Emergencies, Problem Exploration Report

During the immediate phase of an emergency in an urban context, the implementation of sanitation programmes takes a long time to provide suitable and sufficient facilities for the affected population.

While the emergency response for drinking water programmes has been improved with the design of standardised, rapid deployment kits, sanitation programmes in urban areas are limited to very few …

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3314 Views
237 Downloads

Rohilla, S. et al. (2016)

SFD Report - Bikaner, India
SFD Promotion Initiative

Sixty-four percent of Bikaner’s city (population of 644,406 people) depends on offsite systems, 31% depends on onsite sanitation systems (OSS), mainly septic tanks, while 5% of population practices open defecation. The city has three Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) where 41% of the waste water is treated but there are not treatment facilities for septage. One private emptier is responsible for …

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2588 Views
47 Downloads

Keatman, T. (2015)

Thematic Discussion: Sanitation and hygiene behaviour change programming
Discussion Synthesis

The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene in Developing Countries (WSSCC CoP) and the global Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) came together in late September 2015 to hold a joint three-week thematic discussion on sanitation and hygiene behaviour change programming and sustainability. It was the first time the two networks had …

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2570 Views
80 Downloads

Chambers, R., von Medeazza, G. (2014)

Reframing undernutrition: faecally-transmitted Infections and the 5 As

The dominant nutrition discourse concerns access to adequate food and its quality. It now includes food security, food rights and justice, governance and agriculture. Despite many initiatives to assure food access, and growing economies, high levels of undernutrition persist in much of Asia. It is increasingly suggested that much of this ‘Asian enigma’ can now be explained by open defecation …

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3229 Views
82 Downloads

O’Connell, K. (2014)

What influences open defecation and latrine ownership in rural households?
Findings from a global review

WSP’s Scaling Up Rural Sanitation is working with governments and the local private sector to develop the knowledge needed to scale up rural sanitation for the poor. The programmatic approach combines Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), behaviour change communication, and sanitation marketing to generate sanitation demand and build up the supply of sanitation products and services at scale. …

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3849 Views
90 Downloads

Budge, F. (2012)

The power of shit
Reflections on Community Led Total Sanitation in Nepal

The article by Fiona Budge asserts that ‘Shit’ is still a highly sensitive topic across all cultures, which has led to diverse problems establishing programmes that aim to prevent Open Defecation. On basis of a case study in Nepal and theories of disgust this publication reflects on the reasons for the taboo state of the topic and possible solutions.

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1749 Views
25 Downloads

Snel, M., Nothomb, C. (2015)

Key challenges for Sustainable Sanitation Services

There are today more people without access to adequate sanitation than in 2000, despite the commitment included in the MDGs to halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to basic sanitation. This has many consequences for the well-being and potential of many people: sanitation related diseases account for about 800,000 children death per year; open defecation leads to …

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3531 Views
86 Downloads

 

3395 Views
146 Downloads

Alzua, M. L. et al. (2015)

Evaluating the Impact of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Programs in Mali

This library entry contains documents for a grant that Maria Laura Alzua is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Goal:
to improve the evidence of the effectiveness of Community Led Total Sanitation Programs on health and behavioral outcomes

Purpose (copied from Trial description: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01900912):

Behavioral change is a …

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2641 Views
61 Downloads

Alzua, M. L. et al. (2015)

Impact evaluation of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) in rural Mali - Final report

This report covers the main findings of the impact evaluation conducted of a communityled total sanitation (CLTS) campaign implemented by the government of Mali (Direction Nationale de l’Assainissement) with the support of UNICEF. We conducted a clusterrandomized controlled trial among 121 villages randomly selected from the district of Koulikoro in order to evaluate health and non-health …

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2987 Views
94 Downloads

 

2283 Views
33 Downloads

 

2928 Views
72 Downloads

Ministers and Heads of Delegations responsible for sanitation and hygiene in Africa, together with senior civil servants, academics, civil society, development partners and the private sector (2015)

The Ngor Declaration on Sanitation and Hygiene
Adopted by the African Ministers responsible for sanitation and hygiene on 27 May 2015 at AfricaSan4

At the 4thAfrican Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene (AfricaSan), convened by the Government of Senegal with support from the African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW) in Dakar, Senegal, May 25-27, 2015, the Ministers and Heads of Delegations responsible for sanitation and hygiene in Africa, together with senior civil servants, academics, civil society, development partners and the private …

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5509 Views
394 Downloads

 

2520 Views
31 Downloads

Deshusses, M. et al. (2015)

Assessing odor issues and control strategies for the RTTC (Reinvent the Toilet Challenge)
Various documents on results from research grant

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Marc Deshusses is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Further Information is also available on the discussion Forum (see link below).

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3810 Views
56 Downloads

 

2782 Views
68 Downloads

 

3068 Views
56 Downloads

 

2799 Views
8 Downloads

 

2637 Views
33 Downloads

 

3625 Views
109 Downloads

 

3124 Views
119 Downloads

 

2883 Views
21 Downloads

 

3548 Views
41 Downloads

 

3516 Views
11 Downloads

 

2275 Views
25 Downloads

 

4177 Views
164 Downloads

Vyas, S. et al. (2014)

SQUAT (Sanitation Quality, Use, Access, and Trends): Evidence based sanitation advocacy for India
Various documents on results from research grant

This library entry contains background documents for a grant that Sangita Vyas is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Short description of the project:

Open defecation imposes enormous costs on children’s health and human capital, and is exceptionally widespread in India. We believe that there is convincing evidence of the benefits for health and human …

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6835 Views
1175 Downloads

Dubois, A. (2014)

Combined solid waste management and basic sanitation Lokossa, Mono region, Benin
Case study of sustainable sanitation projects

This case study describes a combined waste management and sustainable sanitation project conducted by GIZ in Lokossa, Mono region, Benin. The project has been developed by the GIZ advisory project “Concepts for Sustainable Waste Management” in cooperation with the GIZ Water and Sanitation Programme (PEP) of Benin. Local partners include the municipality of Lokossa, the NGOs Protos, DCAM …

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2698 Views
3 Downloads

Andersson, K. (2014)

New non-profit laboratory supports sustainable sanitation
Factsheet

This fact sheet describes the setting up of a new non-profit water- and nutrient-testing laboratory in Patna, India, to support a set of pilot projects promoting sustainable sanitation solutions in the state of Bihar and provide a valuable and unique service to the public.

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2682 Views
21 Downloads

Andersson, K. (2014)

Piloting enclosed long-term composting in an Indian Village
Factsheet

This fact sheet describes a pilot project that introduced enclosed long-term composting (ELTC) technology for the first time in the Indian context.

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2711 Views
37 Downloads

Andersson, K. (2014)

Flood-resistant ecological sanitation takes off in a rural community
Factsheet

This fact sheet describes a pilot project that supported construction of household ecological sanitation (ecosan) toilets specially adapted to be resistant to seasonal flooding, in a poor rural community in India's Bihar State.

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3245 Views
60 Downloads

 

9464 Views
372 Downloads

 

5026 Views
46 Downloads

 

3571 Views
18 Downloads

 

4936 Views
201 Downloads

 

3504 Views
27 Downloads

 

6413 Views
82 Downloads

 

5789 Views
240 Downloads

 

4724 Views
99 Downloads

 

5471 Views
223 Downloads

 

4579 Views
413 Downloads

 

4003 Views
144 Downloads

 

2802 Views
15 Downloads

 

7091 Views
51 Downloads

 

7333 Views
40 Downloads

 

3896 Views
49 Downloads

 

3608 Views
61 Downloads

 

3375 Views
57 Downloads

 

3085 Views
27 Downloads

 

2626 Views
22 Downloads

 

3749 Views
85 Downloads

 

3458 Views
47 Downloads

 

4164 Views
102 Downloads

 

3296 Views
46 Downloads

 

3381 Views
12 Downloads

 

2300 Views
2 Downloads

Kumar, P. (2009)

Community-led Water and Ecosan Programme Shaanxi Province, China

Despite China’s remarkable growth and development, significant pockets of poverty remain in many regions. The
development of poor communities is constrained by lack of access to services, unsustainable use of natural resources and unhygienic environmental conditions (e.g. fixed Point open defecation, no garbage disposal, unmanaged domestic wastewater disposal, low water quality, mosquitoes …

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3392 Views
8 Downloads

 

3154 Views
15 Downloads

 

2634 Views
15 Downloads

 

4561 Views
232 Downloads

 

3657 Views
55 Downloads

 

2900 Views
6 Downloads

 

7287 Views
115 Downloads

 

6703 Views
78 Downloads


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