Our School Activity Collection assembles various activities on the vital topics of WASH, energy conservation, biodiversity and waste management.
30 library entries have a pin. You can zoom in and click on the pins to see details about the publication.
The WASH Innovation Catalogue is divided into thematic sections, each introduced through a short summary of the problem drawing on our 2013 Gap Analysis on Emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion and subsequent Problem Exploration Reports. Many of the innovations featured have been supported through our targeted Funding Challenges which directly responded to the priority problems …
WHO, UNICEF (2018)
WHO and UNICEF, working with the Global Task Team for monitoring WASH in health care facilities (HCF), have developed a set of core questions and indicators for WASH in HCF, in support of monitoring WASH in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The indicators include definitions for basic water, sanitation, hand hygiene, health care waste management, and environmental cleaning services. …
Various authors (2018)
WEDC conference papers are an important source for learning about WASH innovations and lessons learned in the field and more than 150 papers were accepted for the 2018 WEDC conference.
Below are titles of the Emergency WASH papers (for the link see below):
- Designing evidence-based and context-specific hygiene programs in emergencies: could there be an app for that?
- Shedding light on …
WHO’s 13th General Programme of Work (GPW) 2019–2023 describes how the Organization’s work will contribute to the health of three billion: one billion becoming “healthier populations” through multisectoral actions and addressing environmental risk factors and health determinants; one billion benefiting from better emergency preparedness and response; and one billion with universal …
Yates, T., Vujcic, A., Joseph, M. L., Gallandat, K., Lantagne, D. (2018)
There are increasing numbers of people affected by natural disasters, disease outbreaks, and conflict. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are used in nearly all emergency responses to help reduce disease risk. However, there is a lack of summarized evidence on the efficacy and effectiveness of these interventions. We conducted a systematic review of the published and grey …
UNICEF Syria Crisis Situation Report - 2017 Humanitarian Results
- The conflict in Syria continues to drive the largest refugee crisis in the world, with 5.4 million Syrian refugees registered in the region. Nearly half (48%) are children. About 92% of Syrian refugees live in host communities in very precarious living conditions.
- In line with the No Lost Generation Initiative, UNICEF …
Haider, Z. A. (2014)
Several major donors are now looking for “value for money” in all WaSH emergency programmes. Therefore in order to justify the cost of Oxfam’s selected latrine design not only should initial construction cost be considered but also the on- going operation & maintenance costs to ensure that we are providing “value for money” in phase of emergency and the long run.
In saying this, …
GIZ, LSHTM (2018)
The Event Report of 2018’s Emergency Environmental Health Forum, which took place in Berlin, summarises all the presentations, keynote speeches, panel discussions and recent key findings from practice and academia. New research and innovations in the sanitation sector were presented and approaches elaborated that aim at bridging knowledge silos between WASH and other humanitarian sectors. The …
Oxfam in Bangladesh implemented an iinovative approach in emergency response through WASH-related market interventions using three models: mobile money transfer, debit card and pre-paid card.
Various Authors (2018)
The 8th Emergency Environmental Health Forum (EEHF) event was hosted by the German WASH Network in close collaboration with the Secretariat of the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) at GIZ. The aim of the 2018 EEHF is:
- To share new research and learning
- To discuss new approaches and innovation in the sector
- To bridge silos between WASH and other humanitarian sectors
- To identify …
UNICEF Philippines (2015)
In November of 2013, Typhoon Haiyan struck the Eastern Visayas region of the Philippines devastating homes and families in its path. The response by the government and international community was swift as shelter kits were distributed and “bunkhouse-style” temporary housing built for displaced persons. As these needs were met, new problems emerged, among them was how to properly manage the …
Greaves, F. (2016)
This issue of Frontiers of CLTS draws on the experiences of relief and development agencies which have facilitated CLTS in post-emergency and FCAS contexts. Its purpose is to contribute to understanding, and distil learning and guidance around the application of CLTS in these situations. It explores the question: How, when, and in what circumstances can a CLTSstyle process of analysis, action, …
Huber, M. S. & Jennings, A. (2018)
This research aims to contribute a small part towards larger efforts building credible evidence and increasing understanding of the current proven solutions in the emergency context through two components. The first component aims to investigate and compile what options have been proven for applications in the emergency context. The second component aims to understand what are the driving forces …
Ferron, S. (2017)
This review aimed to get a better understanding of the extent and effectiveness of non-food item (NFI) distributions in Oxfam programmes, in order to develop recommendations for programme policy and guidance to maximize the impact of NFI distributions or alternatives in future responses. Documentation relating to 15 recent WASH responses was examined and key informant interviews were conducted …
Various Authors (2011)
The 2-days workshop "Identifying gaps in emergency sanitation - Design of new kits to increase effectiveness in emergencies" took place in Stoutenburg, the Netherlands from 22-23 Feb 2011.
As a response to insufficient sanitation solutions deployed in the emergency situations, emergency and sanitation practitioners from different key organisations came together in Stoutenburg to discuss on how …
Gensch, R., Jennings, A., Renggli, S., Reymond, P. (2018)
Appropriate and adequate sanitation solutions are crucial for the protection of human health in emergencies. In recent years there has been an increasing number of sanitation innovations, appropriate for a variety of humanitarian contexts and a stronger sector focus on the entire sanitation service chain (from the toilet via collection and conveyance to the final treatment and safe disposal …
Various Authors (2015)
High-level experts from the sanitation and nutrition sector gathered together in the headquarter of Germany’s international broadcaster Deutsche Welle, Bonn for the WASH and Nutrition Forum on November 11th and 12th to discuss strategies for integrating WASH and nutrition programming in development and humanitarian contexts.
Juillard, H., Sloane, E. (2016)
This document provides guidance for practitioners on conducting market analysis before the onset of an anticipated crisis using an adaptation of existing post-crisis market assessment tools. Recommendations stemming from this analysis could be used to inform preparedness and DRR programming decision making as well as future emergency responses. This guidance focuses on markets, with the objective …
Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis (EMMA) is a set of tools (this toolkit) and guidance notes (the reference manual on CD-ROM). It encourages and assists front-line humanitarian staff in sudden-onset emergencies to better understand, accommodate, and make use of market systems. It does not offer a simplistic blue-print for action. However, EMMA does provide accessible, relevant guidance to …
Clatworthy, D., Sommer, M., Schmitt, M. (2017)
The toolkit was designed to support a range of humanitarian actors involved in the planning and delivery of emergency responses. The guidance is therefore aimed to support 1) program staff directly delivering services; 2) program supervisors and country-level staff responsible for designing, coordinating and monitoring field activities, and 3) technical staff, focused on providing technical …
UNICEF currently provides strategic technical support and guidance, surge capacity, training, supplies and logistical support for cholera and diarrhoeal disease outbreak prevention, preparedness and response worldwide. Its multi-sector approach – health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), nutrition, education, protection and other sectors as well as services for emergency operations and …
Bjerregaard, M., Meekings, H. (2008)
Effective drainage is important in emergencies when there is a risk of flooding or there is a risk of poor environmental health conditions developing from standing water, muddy conditions, or erosion. It would not usually be the first priority in the initial stages of an emergency, but should be considered after the immediate water, sanitation and hygiene needs have been met. Sites which have …
Malambo, D. (2014)
Providing safe excreta collection and disposal in emergency situations has remained one of the most urgent priorities in the disaster relief effort. This is because of the high risk to human health that exposed and unsanitized human excreta pose. With an increase in the frequency and intensity of natural disasters in recent years, humanitarian aid and related organisations worldwide are currently …
González P., M. E. (2014)
In an emergency situation, the collection, treatment and disposal of the human excreta and waste in a safe way is one of the biggest challenges to face, regardless the type of disaster. When it comes to faecal sludge management, the traditional desludging methods can often not be appropriate in an acute emergency phase. Consequently, relief organisations aim to apply new and simple approaches and …
Anderson, C., Malambo, D. H., Perez, M. E., Nobela, H. N., de Pooter, L., Spit, J., Hooijmans, C. M., de Vossenberg, J. V., Greya, W., Thole, B., van Lier, J. B., Brdjanovic, D. (2015)
In this research, three faecal sludge sanitizing methods—lactic acid fermentation, urea treatment and lime treatment—were studied for application in emergency situations. These methods were investigated by undertaking small scale field trials with pit latrine sludge in Blantyre, Malawi. Hydrated lime was able to reduce the E. coli count in the sludge to below the detectable limit within 1 h …
Mamani, G., Visser, K., Spit. J., Heeger, J., Dargere, N., Postma, S., Gijsbers, R., Mulder, R., Buyle, G. (2014)
Within S(P)EEDKITS, workpackage WP3- “watsan” (water and sanitation) focuses on the development of flexible sanitation solutions suited for emergency cases and on low cost water kits that help to generate, transport and store (potable) water. Focus in both domains is on the easy deployment of the kits. This document reports on the prototypes for the various watsan kits and the outcome of the …
Reed, B., Torr, D., Scott, R. (2016)
Pit latrine linings for emergency sanitation facilities require different performance criteria from those for pits used in longer-term development work. Various international initiatives are currently under way to develop new methods of supporting the pits used for latrines in emergencies, but before a solution can be found, the problem needs to be defined. Current field guidance lacks the level …
Harvey, P., Baghri, S., Reed, B. (2002)
Perceptions of what constitutes an ‘emergency’ vary between personnel and between organisations. Generally, an emergency may be considered to be the result of a man-made and/or natural disaster, whereby there is a serious, often sudden, threat to the health of the affected community which has great difficulty in coping without external assistance.
This book has been written to help all …
Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management (2017)
Approximately 360,000 Syrian refugees have found shelter in some 5,000 informal tented settlements in Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley resulting from the refugee crisis in Syria.
Seven years into the Syria crisis, the context has changed from emergency to a transitional stabilization phase.
Many humanitarian agencies have provided WASH services to the refugees, however a significant share of the …
Tolani, F. (2017)
MUM’S MAGIC HANDS
A programme developed by Oxfam and Lifebuoy, Unilever’s health soap, to encourage handwashing with soap at key times in emergency affected communities to prevent the spread of diseases.
An overview of the partnership between Oxfam and Lifebuoy that brings together Oxfam’s humanitarian and public health response experience and Lifebuoy’s behaviour change and communications expertise to demonstrate the positive difference a public-private sector partnership can make in promoting health in vulnerable populations.
Medium- and long-term planning for an adequate and safe supply of drinking-water should be set in the context of growing external uncertainties arising from changes in the climate and environment. The water safety plan (WSP) process offers a systematic framework to manage these risks by considering the implications of climate variability and change.
This document provides guidance on how …
Ghanem, N., Sabbagh,K., Halabi,S., Riachi, R., Hussieni,A., Bchara, H., Chackra, M.A. (2017)
Syrian refugees living in informal tented settlements (ITS) are in an especially difficult position, being at the
back of the proverbial queue for public water and other unregulated water sources. To alleviate the problem
of water sourcing for refugees, humanitarian aid agencies have been delivering water by trucks. While this
has ensured Syrians have adequate and, importantly, …
Parkinson, P., Bostoen, K., Jacimovic, R. (2017)
Monitoring, evaluation, accountability and learning was identified as a gap by the Global WaSH Cluster’s technical working group in WASH markets. More evidence is needed to prove or disprove assumptions and perceptions around effectiveness and efficiency of programme delivery and contribution of the responses towards market recovery.
In order to enable comparative analysis between different …
ECHO, UNICEF, OFDA (2015)
La présente stratégie régionale mise à jour en 2015 a été lancée en 2012 face à la crise nutritionnelle et alimentaire au Sahel, révisée lors du processus de consultation en 2014, elle reste une orientation intersectorielle adaptable aux spécificités nationales et locales de chaque pays.
Grange, C. (2016)
During the immediate phase of an emergency in an urban context, the implementation of sanitation programmes takes a long time to provide suitable and sufficient facilities for the affected population.
While the emergency response for drinking water programmes has been improved with the design of standardised, rapid deployment kits, sanitation programmes in urban areas are limited to very few …
Bastable, A., Russell, L. (2013)
The emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (WASH) gap analysis project was funded by The Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF), a program managed by Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance (ELRHA) in partnership with the Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP), and is a component of a larger initiative to identify and …
Bryant, J., Campbell, L. (2014)
From the 24 – 28 March 2014, RedR held a pilot course for 24 WASH experts on the subject of addressing the social, institutional and technical gaps that currently exist for water, sanitation and hygiene provision in the urban emergency context.
This document, produced as a partnership between ALNAP and RedR, captures the key messages, lessons and experiences of both course facilitators and …
Danielsson M., Lippincott M. (2012)
This guide presents a toilet system that you can do yourself without relying on a coordinated and timely response by someone else. This system served after earthquakes destroyed sanitation systems in Haiti and New Zealand. This guide is for planning ahead and preparing kits, whether for yourself, your household, your apartment building, or your block. This flexible system is built around …
Various authors (2015)
Resource recovery is important to consider before choosing a method for faecal sludge treatment and management, to ensure technologies are adequately and appropriately designed to produce resource recovery products. The workshop covered a wide range of resource recovery opportunities from faecal sludge including composting, vermicomposting, protein, fodder and plants, building materials and …
Various authors (2015)
The Third International Faecal Sludge Management Conference was held in Hanoi from the 18th to the 21st of January 2015. More than 700 delegates from around the world shared ideas and discussed challenges and opportunities in on-site sanitation.
Below you find the list of papers in chronological order by day (Day 1-3) and room (room 1-3 ). In order to search by author, simply press "Ctrl+F" …
Jones, H., Reed, B. (2005)
Over 500 million people in the world are disabled, the majority of whom live in poverty in low-income communities. A major contributing factor to the poverty of disabled people is their lack of access to sanitation and safe water. The Millennium Development Goals of poverty reduction, health and access to safe water and sanitation will be difficult to achieve equitably without addressing the …
Concern Worldwide (2014)
This paper aims to provide some practical guidance on how water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes can be more nutrition-sensitive and how nutrition programmes can incorporate more WASH aspects. It should be useful for all project staff working in nutrition and WASH programmes when WASH and/or a nutrition programme are in operation.
Gensch, R., Hansen, R., Ihme, M. (2014)
Kramer, S., Preneta, N., Kilbride, A. (2013)
Piloting ecological sanitation (EcoSan) in the emergency context of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, after the 2010 earthquake
Two papers from SOIL presented at the 36th WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya, 2013
Reed, B., Shaw, R., Chatterton, K. (2013)
Brdjanovic, D. (2013)
Sayre, E. (2013)
UNICEF, Columbia University (2014)
Luff, R. (2012)
Owako, E. (2012)
Naeem, K., Berndtsson, M. (2011)
Various authors (2012)
Reed, B. (2010)
Patel, D. (2011)
Kinstedt, K. (2012)
Ganai, T. (2008)
Heeger, J. (2011)
Mijthab, M. (2011)
Abraham, B. et al. (2011)
Eyrard J. (2011)
The presentation concludes that "Portaloo" is replicable for a short term period, if a treatment plant is available for safe disposal of the sludge and if the equipment is available in country. It should not also put focus on monitoring the trucks and “hot line” or complain mechanism for the users. The presentation was held at the WECD conference July 2011 in Loughborough, England.
Mwase, H. (2006)
Mijthab, M. (2011)
von Münch, E., Ingle, R., Mbalo, D., Kappauf, L. (eds.) (2012)
Mazeau, A. P. (2009)
Patinet, J. (2010)
Ruberto C., Johannessen A. (2009)
Fogde, M., Macario, L., Porsani, J. (2011)
von Münch, E., Wirseen, C., Patel, D., Wheaton, A., Jachnow, A. (2009)
von Münch, E., Wirseen, C., Patel, D., Wheaton, A., Jachnow, A. (2009)
Johannessen, A., Patinet, J., Carter, W., Lamb, J. (2012)
Lupu, S. (2010)
Harvey, P.A. (2007)
Connolly, M.A. (2005)
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