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Sanitation Library

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320 Views
9 Downloads

The WASH in Schools (WinS) Three Star Approach (TSA) has been adopted in Fiji (from a pilot in 2015 but now is at scale), Kiribati (atoll island first implementation from 2015 to 2018), Solomon Islands (since 2016), in Vanuatu (since 2017) and 2018 introduction in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). The evaluation aims to understand whether WinS TSA is achieving the intended results and how …

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182 Views
1 Downloads

The first ever World report on disability, produced jointly by WHO and the World Bank, suggests that more than a billion people in the world today experience disability.

People with disabilities have generally poorer health, lower education achievements, fewer economic opportunities and higher rates of poverty than people without disabilities. This is largely due to the lack of services …

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171 Views
4 Downloads

This report presents the findings of a joint water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assessment conducted in nine official refugee camp settlements across three governorates in the Kurdistan Region of Northern Iraq (Dohuk, Erbil and Sulaymaniyah). The Syrian refugee population targeted by this assessment lives in permanent and transitional shelters in the nine camps. They receive various WASH …

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98 Views
1 Downloads

The WG Short Set of six questions on functioning for use on national censuses and surveys was developed, tested and adopted by the Washington Group on Disability Statistics (WG). The questions reflect advances in the conceptualization of disability and use the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) as a conceptual framework.

In a …

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148 Views
6 Downloads

World Health Organization data on the burden of disease shows that approximately 3.1% of deaths (1.7 million) and 3.7% (54.2 million) of disability-adjusted-life-years (DALYs) worldwide are attributable to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene. In Africa and developing countries in South East Asia 4-8% of all disease burdens are attributable to poor hygiene and sanitation. Over 99.8% of all deaths …

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142 Views
3 Downloads

Despite great coverage in 2020 by messaging on lifesaving issues (COVID-19: 99% people, cyclone preparedness: 98% people) there are variations of level of access to information by sex, age, disability, and other vulnerabilities (JMSNA 2020). Restricted mobile and internet connection prevented people from receiving information as well as reporting problems. Reduced footprint of staff/volunteers …

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168 Views
1 Downloads

Objective
To estimate the burden of diarrhoeal diseases from exposure to inadequate water, sanitation and hand hygiene in low- and middle-income settings and provide an overview of the impact on other diseases.

Methods
For estimating the impact of water, sanitation and hygiene on diarrhoea, we selected exposure levels with both sufficient global exposure data and a matching exposure-risk …

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308 Views
7 Downloads

The paradigm for identifying the beneficiaries and understanding their needs and requirements for delivery of WASH services has evolved over time. Initially, governments started with the overarching objective of providing universal access to WASH services. During the MDG period, there was increased thrust to understand the specific needs and requirements of different population segments, in order …

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244 Views
0 Downloads

Persons with disabilities often experience discrimination and exclusion, despite the adoption of an increasingly rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance. The past three decades have witnessed a growing awareness of disability issues and the emergence and spread of disabled people’s organisations.

The growing awareness must be accompanied by practical measures to identify and reduce …

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360 Views
4 Downloads

The one day Conference held on 9th March 2006 was entitled “Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups: improving access and inclusion.”

The purpose of the conference was to introduce the issues and problems of accessing and using WATSAN services and facilities for disabled people and other vulnerable groups, including solutions and examples of good practice for …

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320 Views
4 Downloads

Dissemination activities in Cambodia centred around a one-day Conference in Phnom Penh, followed by a one-day practical workshop. These took place on the 9th and 10th March, 2006. The objectives of dissemination were:
1. Distribution of the resource book and CD of “Water and sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups: designing services to impaccessibility”. Fifty copies of …

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366 Views
3 Downloads

Globally, more than a billion people—approximately 15 percent of the world’s population, or one in seven persons—have disabilities. Of those, 80 percent live in developing countries. This number is expected to increase as the prevalence of disability is impacted by disease, war and conflict, natural disasters, and road traffic injuries, among other factors. In addition, persons over the age …

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283 Views
1 Downloads

The Washington Group Questions on Disability are rapidly emerging as the preferred data collection methodology by the global community for national data collection efforts on disability. However, more and more development and humanitarian actors are now using the methodology in their own data collection efforts. This is beyond the original purpose of the questions, which was to generate usable …

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381 Views
15 Downloads

Globally, more than a billion people, including up to 10 per cent of all children, are estimated to have a disability. More than 110 million persons with disabilities may be at risk of having poor access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities. Access to WASH provides direct benefits to health, social inclusion and dignity, and is fundamental to achieve human rights and development …

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352 Views
5 Downloads

Urbanization is one of the most important global trends of the 21st century. It has the potential to contribute to the “re-design” of our world supporting the creation of sustainable and inclusive cities for all. About 6.25 billion people, 15% of them with disabilities, are predicted to be living in urban centers by 2050. Urban environments,
infrastructures, facilities, and services, …

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405 Views
6 Downloads

Globally, around 15 per cent of the population are living with some kind of disability. An estimated 13 per cent of people worldwide are over the age of 60. More than 46 per cent of those who are over the age of 60 have a disability. Humanitarian principles require that humanitarian assistance and protection are provided on the basis of need, without discrimination. No one should be excluded …

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760 Views
23 Downloads

This open access handbook, the first of its kind, provides a comprehensive and carefully curated multidisciplinary genre-spanning view of the state of the field of Critical Menstruation Studies, opening up new directions in research and advocacy. It is animated by the central question: ‘“what new lines of inquiry are possible when we center our attention on menstrual health and politics …

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1001 Views
24 Downloads

• The ASWA-II programme (2017-2022) is being implemented in eight Terai districts to eliminate open defecation and ensure the sustained use of safely managed water supplies and hygiene by people in targeted districts, especially by women and girls and persons with disability.
• At baseline, 47 out of 100 communities were externally ODF certified. However, there are challenges in sustaining …

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861 Views
45 Downloads

‘Leave no one behind’ is at the core of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Leave no one behind means for Sanitation for Millions that everyone, in any inhabited place, has access to a safely managed sanitation facilities and/or safe (hand-) hygiene, and thus can fulfil his/her WASH needs adequately and with dignity. Yet, as per WHO and UNICEF still more than 4.2 billion people suffer …

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1667 Views
156 Downloads

Clean drinking water, improved sanitation and good hygiene practices are life-sustaining and play an important role in maintaining public health. The benefits of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) cannot be underestimated in controlling the spread of disease, as well as underpinning human rights, well-being and development. Safe water, sanitation and hygiene is a necessity to reduce the spread …

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669 Views
57 Downloads

This publication summarizes the sanitation and hygiene hopes and aspirations of thousands of women and men of different ages and physical ability, across rural and urban areas in eight South Asian countries. In these countries, over a billion people are without safe sanitation. They represent individuals and groups rarely heard because they are seldom asked what their constraints are, what they …

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840 Views
5 Downloads

In this library entry we have grouped together up to five documents that we think are important "first reading" materials for anyone wishing to obtain a quick overview of this topic. For more details, please see the external links to the discussion forum below.

The documents listed in this library entry in reverse chronological order already exist as individual library entries but have been …

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3012 Views
392 Downloads

Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) affect more than ten percent of the world’s population, primarily among the poorest populations. In Ethiopia, more than 75 million people are at risk of infection of at least one neglected tropical disease. NTDs cause suffering, blindness, disability, and delays in physical and cognitive growth which impact a person’s ability to go to school and work, thus …

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2079 Views
0 Downloads

Despite massive efforts by governmental and NGO partners and other development agencies toward ODF Malawi by 2015, there are still a lot of works to be done. The ODF Malawi National Strategy addresses School-Led Total Sanitation (SLTS) as an effective approach to create ODF communities. It takes the dynamics of children into consideration as Agents of Change in triggering and monitoring good …

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1408 Views
49 Downloads

This publication highlights the key physical, social, and institutional factors that act as barriers or facilitators for the full and equal participation for women, men, girls and boys with disabilities. The following chapters shed light on the critical role local and national governments, civil society, academia, philanthropic foundations, and the private sector can play in ensuring that cities …

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1078 Views
14 Downloads

The main aim of this document is to support the inclusion of older people and people with disabilities in the programmes of all humanitarian organisations. Recognising that some people have specific needs requiring particular expertise, these Standards also encourage partnership and coordination with specialist organisations and associations representing people with disabilities or older …

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2881 Views
159 Downloads

Addressing gender inequality and disability rights is critical to a rights-based approach to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programming. Rights-based WASH should reflect all human rights principles, including ‘equality
and non-discrimination’, and ‘participation and inclusion’. Approaching WASH with an inclusive lens is essential for achieving universal acces.

This paper centres …

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3113 Views
41 Downloads

Globally, millions of people lack access to improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Disabled people, disadvantaged both physically and socially, are likely to be among those facing the greatest inequities in WASH access. This study explores the WASH priorities of disabled people and uses the social model of disability and the World Health Organization’s International Classification of …

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485 Views
4 Downloads

A recent Lancet paper ranked handwashing in 21st place as a leading cause of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) globally, stating: “The finding that no handwashing with soap is a global risk present in all regions is a reminder that this nexus of risks is relevant to all countries, not just the poorest.”

As such, it is important that we continue to seek to both learn more about …

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6909 Views
381 Downloads

Over 500 million people in the world are disabled, the majority of whom live in poverty in low-income communities. A major contributing factor to the poverty of disabled people is their lack of access to sanitation and safe water. The Millennium Development Goals of poverty reduction, health and access to safe water and sanitation will be difficult to achieve equitably without addressing the …

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9001 Views
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11856 Views
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The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

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