Our School Activity Collection assembles various activities on the vital topics of WASH, energy conservation, biodiversity and waste management.
Work in progress: Each pin stands for a library document that is specific to a location. We are currently in the process of adding more pins to existing publications in our library. 12 library entries have a pin so far.
Cavill, S., Mott, J., Tyndale-Biscoe, P., Bond, M., Huggett, C., Wamera, E. (2018)
Men’s and boys’ active and positive engagement in sanitation and hygiene (S&H) means improving sustainable outcomes, as well as increasing the potential for redistribution of unequal domestic and care responsibilities from women to men. Discussions around gender in S&H (and elsewhere) often focus on the roles, positions or impacts on women and girls, however this issue of Frontiers of CLTS …
Myers, J., Cavill, S., Musyoki, S., Pasteur, K., Stevens, L. (2018)
Over half the world’s population now lives in urban areas and a large proportion of them lives without improved sanitation. Efforts to tackle open defecation in rural areas has been led by the Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) movement. But how can the community mobilization techniques of CLTS be adapted to the more complex situations and transient populations in urban areas? How can …
This handbook has been prepared to guide the community health motivators, health and sanitation workers as well as community leaders to adopt and facilitate the CLTS approach in communities where sanitation programmes are being implemented. It is believed that this will help the concerned individuals to get a clear concept of CLTS and guide them to adopt its methods at the community level.
Kar, K. (2010)
The Handbook on CLTS describes the basics of CLTS facilitation and is essential and useful material for the field facilitators. This guideline, on the other hand, is written with a focus to meet the requirements of the trainers of CLTS facilitators, and of future CLTS trainers who are not yet experienced CLTS facilitators. The guide can also be used by trainers who wish to train trainers of CLTS …
InterAide, Engineers Without Borders Canada (2012)
This manual is meant to act as a guide for facilitators during the implementation of Community Follow-up Workshops as part of a Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) program. Information provided is based on workshops piloted in Phalombe District during the GSF Program from 2011- 2012 by Engineers Without Borders Canada (EWB) and InterAide.
The pilot was a village-level monitoring strategy …
UNICEF Malawi (2013)
Since Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is our key intervention for sanitation and hygiene promotion in Malawi, it provides an excellent opportunity to facilitate hand washing behavior change. However, up till now, the “triggering tools” for achieving HWWS behavior change from CLTS have not been well known by implementers in Malawi. The purpose of this document is to outline several …
Ross, I., Ngoli, J. (2017)
The Solomon Islands Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Toolkit is one of the manuals developed for the Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Program in the Solomon Islands. It will be used to guide CLTS Facilitators, and others working with villages, to trigger village action on taking control of sanitation and hygiene within their villages. Any organisations that are doing CLTS in …
This training manual is meant to provide a guide for Master Trainers/Trainers of CLTS trainers and facilitators at national and sub-national levels. The manual provides step by step approach of conducting CLTS training workshops and can be adapted to suit specific situations based on target audience and their level of involvement in CLTS implementation.
The manual was reviewed and finalized at …
Kar, K., Chambers, R. (2008)
This handbook has been developed from experiences with Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) since December
1999. These have been in Bangladesh, India, Cambodia, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, China and Pakistan in Asia; in
Uganda, Zambia, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya and Sierra Leone in Africa; in Bolivia in South America; in Yemen in the
Middle East; and in other countries. Users of this handbook …
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Health (2011)
The heart of the program is about “triggering” or “igniting” communities to change their hygiene and sanitation habits, namely by constructing and using latrines instead of defecating in the open. In Ethiopia, CLTS was the precursor to CLTSH, a modified version that has an added hygiene component. As with its predecessor, CLTSH functions without subsidies and has as its primary goal the …
Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation & Development (2012)
CLTS is a new approach in Afghanistan; and all stakeholders should become familiar with how it is implemented. CLTS component has been successfully implemented in various developing nations throughout the world; however, there was an urgent need how to adapt this approach to fit the societal and cultural aspects of in Afghanistan. MRRD is pleased to have this opportunity to develop this manual …
Kidd, R. (2014)
The Facilitator’s Manual for Small Towns CLTS Field Work is a guide for field workers who are promoting sanitation improvements at community and household levels, using the CLTS approach applied to the small towns context.
MoHS Sierra Leone, UNICEF, GOAL (2010)
This manual has been designed by the Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MoHS), UNICEF and GOAL to help support Natural Leaders during the pre-triggering, triggering and follow-up of CLTS communities. The following pages will give simple examples of how to carry out each stage of CLTS. The booklet is not meant to be a script to read out whilst triggering however. A good natural leader will use his …
Various Authors (2018)
The 8th Emergency Environmental Health Forum (EEHF) event was hosted by the German WASH Network in close collaboration with the Secretariat of the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) at GIZ. The aim of the 2018 EEHF is:
- To share new research and learning
- To discuss new approaches and innovation in the sector
- To bridge silos between WASH and other humanitarian sectors
- To identify …
DFID, UNWATER, UNICEF, WSSCC and Care Bangladesh. (2008)
The video is a documentary about the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach, an innovative methodology for mobilising communities to completely eliminate open defecation and take their own action to become open defecation free. It shows projects in Bangladesh and interviews with one of its pioneers Dr. Kamal Kar.
It has been produced 2008 within the BBC earth report series on …
Various Authors (2008)
The International Conference titled "Pathways towards Sustainable Sanitation in Africa" constitutes the most relevant event held under the project NETSSAF "Network for the development of Sustainable Sanitation in Africa", a Coordination Action supported by the European Union under the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6). A well prepared team organised this event successfully which was celebrated in …
This webinar was conducted on 22 June 2015 and has been recorded in 4 parts. This video clip contains Part 1 which is introduction by Pippa Scott (Euforic Services) during the webinar 'What constitutes success for CLTS? Measuring community outcomes and behavior changes'. To watch part 2-4 please go to links below.
1) Ada Oko Williams, Technical Support Manager, Sanitation and …
House, S., Cavill, S. and Ferron, S. (2017)
This issue of Frontiers of CLTS shares and builds on the learning from the GSF EQND study, which examined EQND in relation to sanitation programmes being implemented at scale. It draws on existing global experience and looks at who should be considered potentially disadvantaged and how they can participate. It explores what the challenges may be if CLTS does not actively ensure that the …
Greaves, F. (2016)
This issue of Frontiers of CLTS draws on the experiences of relief and development agencies which have facilitated CLTS in post-emergency and FCAS contexts. Its purpose is to contribute to understanding, and distil learning and guidance around the application of CLTS in these situations. It explores the question: How, when, and in what circumstances can a CLTSstyle process of analysis, action, …
Various Authors (2010)
Two ecosan workshops in Kenya, "ecosan Capacity Development Workshop" in Ugunja and "ecosan Vision workshop" in Nairobi, were organised and financed by the GTZ Program on sustainable sanitation - ecosan and the facilitating consultants Laura Kraft (freelance), Martin Wafler, Johannes Heeb (both seecon gmbh, Switzerland) and Ms. Pradnya Thakur (Ecosan Services Foundation, India). The main aim was …
Various Authors (2014)
Conference Themes: The Action Exchange
Unclogging the Blockages is about action. The action exchange was organized according to several themes (several are listed below) with experts from each of these subject areas presenting and leading small group discussions with their peers on what are the main challenges and barriers for moving forward. After these initial discussions, the challenges …
Trainers' Guide on Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in Lao
Various authors (2017)
The following resources are hosted on sanitation-marketing.org and therefore not provided by SuSanA.
We have gathered a list of SanMark resources for our Community of Practice to utilise. We would like this to be a shared library where we can assist each other with accessing information. If you would like to share a document, website or video we would all love to hear from you!
Please email …
Abramovsky, L. et al. (2016)
Many low-income countries face the hefty challenge of increasing sanitation coverage, in both rural and urban areas, which demand di erent solutions. In response, governments, with support from international agencies, bilateral donors and non-government organisations, are deploying a range of programmes and policies to accelerate progress towards the new global goals. Community-led total …
Bongartz, P., Vernon, N., Fox, J. (2016)
Describing the landscape of sustainability of CLTS and sanitation with reference to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and through examples from Africa and Asia, the book captures a range of experiences and innovations from a broad range of institutions and actors within the WASH sector, and attempts to make recommendations and practical suggestions for policy and practice for …
Myers, J., Pasteur, K., Cavill, S. (2016)
The CLTS Knowledge Hub at the Institute of Development Studies, with the help of Plan International Ethiopia, convened a three day workshop in Addis Ababa. The workshop titled ‘Using a CLTS approach in peri-urban and urban environments’ brought together people who had been involved in urban CLTS programmes to share their varied experiences and discuss what added value a CLTS approach can …
Crocker, J. et al. (2016)
Community-led total sanitation (CLTS) is a participatory approach to addressing open defecation that has demonstrated success in previous studies, yet there is no research on how implementation arrangements and context change effectiveness. We used a quasi-experimental study design to compare two interventions in Ethiopia: conventional CLTS in which health workers and local leaders provided …
Chambers, R., Myers, J. (2016)
The partial or total non-use of toilets, with some or all in a household defecating in the open, is a growing concern. Although all households may have a toilet, communities cannot remain open defecation free unless they are always used by everyone. This is not just an issue of maintenance and accessibility but also of social norms, mind-sets, and cultural preferences. The problem is widespread …
Musembi, C. N., Musyoki, S. M. (2016)
Lack of sanitation impacts on the rights to life and health, the right to education (through loss in school days, particularly for girls) and the right to dignity (UNRIC nd). The purpose of this issue of Frontiers of CLTS is to examine
Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in light of human rights: Does CLTS contribute to realising the right to sanitation and other inter-related rights? Are the …
Roose, S., Tom Rankin, T., Cavill, S. (2015)
Most adolescent girls and women menstruate. This means that for five to seven days each month they bleed through their vagina. This monthly bleeding is often accompanied by abdominal cramps, headaches, mood changes and general lethargy all of which can be exacerbated by social stigma, myths and a lack of requisite infrastructure to manage menstruation safely, privately and hygienically. The …
House, S., Cavill, S. (2015)
This issue of Frontiers of CLTS brings together lessons on violence related to sanitation and hygiene and examples of good practice from a range of contexts including urban and humanitarian as well as rural. It interprets these lessons to propose good practice for CLTS practitioners in how they can contribute to reducing vulnerabilities to violence through the ways they work.
Maulit, J. A. (2014)
The Open Defecation Free (ODF) Malawi 2015 Strategy and National Hand Washing Campaign have been contributing to an increased focus on handwashing with soap (HWWS) in Malawi.1 This is a very positive development!
Some studies estimate that washing hands with soap can reduce diarrhoeal disease rates by up to 50 per cent and respiratory disease rates by up to 25 per cent. This makes handwashing …
Various Authors (2016)
Despite continuous financial efforts to improve the conditions in the country, Tanzania was off track to meet both the MDGs target on water and sanitation and the national MKUKUTA goals. Whilst the country reached a high level of latrine coverage (90%) during the Mtu ni Afya campaign of the 1970s, very little progress has been made since then to move the population up the sanitation ladder, from …
Cole, B. (2013)
IDS has been working in support of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) since its beginnings. CLTS has now become an international movement for which IDS is the recognised knowledge hub. The Knowledge Hub is dedicated to understanding the on-the-ground realities of CLTS practice and to learn about, share and promote good practices, ideas and innovations that lead to sustainability and scale. We …
Bastable, A., Russell, L. (2013)
The emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (WASH) gap analysis project was funded by The Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF), a program managed by Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance (ELRHA) in partnership with the Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP), and is a component of a larger initiative to identify and …
O’Connell, K. (2014)
WSP’s Scaling Up Rural Sanitation is working with governments and the local private sector to develop the knowledge needed to scale up rural sanitation for the poor. The programmatic approach combines Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), behaviour change communication, and sanitation marketing to generate sanitation demand and build up the supply of sanitation products and services at scale. …
Budge, F. (2012)
The article by Fiona Budge asserts that ‘Shit’ is still a highly sensitive topic across all cultures, which has led to diverse problems establishing programmes that aim to prevent Open Defecation. On basis of a case study in Nepal and theories of disgust this publication reflects on the reasons for the taboo state of the topic and possible solutions.
Alzua, M. L. et al. (2015)
This library entry contains documents for a grant that Maria Laura Alzua is leading and which is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
to improve the evidence of the effectiveness of Community Led Total Sanitation Programs on health and behavioral outcomes
Purpose (copied from Trial description: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01900912):
Behavioral change is a …
Alzua, M. L. et al. (2015)
This report covers the main findings of the impact evaluation conducted of a communityled total sanitation (CLTS) campaign implemented by the government of Mali (Direction Nationale de l’Assainissement) with the support of UNICEF. We conducted a clusterrandomized controlled trial among 121 villages randomly selected from the district of Koulikoro in order to evaluate health and non-health …
Various authors (2015)
Urban, A., Steen, A. (2015)
Various authors (2015)
Various authors (2015)
Various authors (2015)
Various authors (2015)
Cavill, S., Chambers, R., Vernon, N. (2015)
Wilbur, J., Jones, H. (2014)
In this library entry we have grouped together up to five documents that we think are important "first reading" materials for anyone wishing to obtain a quick overview of this topic. For more details, please see the external links to the discussion forum below.
The documents listed in this library entry in reverse chronological order already exist as individual library entries but have been …
Kar, K., Chambers, R. (2008)
Illian, M. (2013)
Bartram, J. et al. (2012)
Bevan, J. (2011)
Niwagaba, C. (2011)
Rosensweig, F., Kopitopoulos, D. (2010)
Robinson, A. (2011)
Mukherjee, N. (2011)
Coombes, Y. (2011)
Amin, S., Rangarajan, A., Borkum, E. (2011)
Kappauf, L. (2011)
Kar, K., Milward, K. (2011)
Hanchett, S. et al. (2011)
Ashley, H. et al. (2009)
Kar, K. (2010)
Sanan, D., Moulik, S.G. (2007)
Mukherjee, N. (2009)
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