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Sanitation Library

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123 Views
5 Downloads

After decades promoting sanitation in low and middle-income countries, several countries and the global sanitation community have come to realise that it is time to rethink the approach to accelerating access to quality services. Since 2000, the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has consistently reported that the share of the population in low and …

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181 Views
1 Downloads

Most countries in Africa will fall short of meeting the MDG targets for the provision of water and sanitation due to lack of financial and institutional capacity (WSP-Africa, 2006). Although safe sanitation has been found to be the most effective single intervention in reducing diarrhoea (Esrey, et al.1991), this does not necessarily mean building latrines, which can become a fly breeding ground …

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271 Views
7 Downloads

The paradigm for identifying the beneficiaries and understanding their needs and requirements for delivery of WASH services has evolved over time. Initially, governments started with the overarching objective of providing universal access to WASH services. During the MDG period, there was increased thrust to understand the specific needs and requirements of different population segments, in order …

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305 Views
1 Downloads

n order to achieve the MDGs for water supply in Zambia, an additional 2.85 million residents of low-income areas need to gain access to safe and reliable water. During the national stakeholder consultation process that followed the MDG process, the Zambian government and cooperation partners emphasised that, in order to reach this goal, about one million more people should be served by …

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542 Views
3 Downloads

Economic evidence on the cost and benefits of sanitation and drinking-water supply supports higher
allocation of resources and selection of efficient and affordable interventions. The study aim is to
estimate global and regional costs and benefits of sanitation and drinking-water supply interventions to
meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target in 2015, as well as to attain universal …

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489 Views
8 Downloads

Secondary urban centres vary widely, both in terms of economic base and water service delivery models. Moreover, what constitutes a Secondary urban centres in one part of the world may be deemed to be something else somewhere else. For example, what might be regarded as Secondary urban centres in India and China might be considered to be small cities in Africa. This paper specifically deals with …

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478 Views
11 Downloads

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the World Bank’s corporate goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity call for specific attention to the poor and vulnerable. The overarching objective of the SDGs is to end poverty in all its forms, but their key difference from the earlier Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is the integration of social, economic, and …

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1556 Views
80 Downloads

The establishment of the regional mechanism for monitoring and reporting on access to water supply and sanitation services in the Arab Region (MDG+ Initiative) was launched by the Arab Ministerial Water Council in 2010. The initiative provides reliable information on access to water supply services in Arab States based on a set of regionally approved indicators, a harmonized methodology and data …

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1627 Views
53 Downloads

The International Conference on Sustainable Sanitation "Water and Food Security for Latin America" was organized by Ecosanlac and the Federal University of Ceará with support of the IWA specialist group. It took place from 26-29 November 2007 in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil and became a very successful event and exceeded the expectations of the organizers.

During four days, more than 200 local …

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1686 Views
117 Downloads

The International Conference titled "Pathways towards Sustainable Sanitation in Africa" constitutes the most relevant event held under the project NETSSAF "Network for the development of Sustainable Sanitation in Africa", a Coordination Action supported by the European Union under the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6). A well prepared team organised this event successfully which was celebrated in …

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1206 Views
170 Downloads

The 3rd International Dry Toilet Conference was held in Tampere, Finland, on 12-15 August 2009 and was organised by the Global Dry Toilet Association of Finland in cooperation with Tampere University of Technology, University of Tampere and Tampere University for Applied Sciences.

184 delegates from 47 countries gathered together to discuss various aspects of dry/ecological sanitation.The main …

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789 Views
7 Downloads

On Tuesday the 17th of January 2017, the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) celebrated its 10th anniversary in Eschborn, Germany where SuSanA was founded in 2007 by a range of actors who were actively involved in the sanitation sector. This year’s anniversary celebration took place under the theme "10 years SuSanA: How the changed sanitation paradigm contributes to the Sustainable …

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5034 Views
212 Downloads

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) joint roadmap 2015 to 2018 was drafted to organise the platform to respond more effectively to the challenges of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the Post-2015 Development Agenda.

The SuSanA strategy process was initiated following a plenary meeting at the Stockholm World Water Week 2012. On initiative of the secretariat, a core group and …

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11677 Views
612 Downloads

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) was formed in 2007 with the aim of promoting and lobbying for sustainability in sanitation in the context of the Millennium Development Goals. Over the last 10 years SuSanA has made a significant contribution to sector development, with sector actors now focussing increasingly on the sustainability of sanitation services in a variety of ways. …

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3572 Views
54 Downloads

Policies are considered critical for creating an enabling environment for improving access to sanitation and hygiene services. There are, however, certain requirements that policies must meet for them to be coherent and supportive. This paper presents a comparative assessment of the sanitation policy and institutional frameworks in Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania based on a …

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914 Views
5 Downloads

This assessment finds that the policies in Rwanda, Uganda, and Tanzania meet many of the recommended criteria, but are still lacking key aspects to adequately cater for sustainability of services and functionality of facilities. Further, policies should reflect the needs and preferences of people. This is usually not the case because policies are very ambitious and hard to fully translate to …

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6101 Views
169 Downloads

The Policy Guidance Manual on Wastewater Management with a special emphasis on Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Systems (DEWATS) highlights adequate policy and sustainable practices from the South-East Asia (SEA) region and worldwide. The primary objectives of the Policy Guidance Manual on DEWATS for SEA are three-fold:

(a) to guide national and local policy-makers and experts of SEA in …

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4883 Views
299 Downloads

Despite continuous financial efforts to improve the conditions in the country, Tanzania was off track to meet both the MDGs target on water and sanitation and the national MKUKUTA goals. Whilst the country reached a high level of latrine coverage (90%) during the Mtu ni Afya campaign of the 1970s, very little progress has been made since then to move the population up the sanitation ladder, from …

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2519 Views
8 Downloads

Like many other countries in the Global South, Malawi has failed to meet Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets to improve access to sanitation. It has been estimated that only 25 percent of the country’s population has gained Access to improved sanitation since 1990 and access to it is a meagre 41 per cent, according to the latest Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) Report (2015). By utilising …

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4080 Views
100 Downloads

Shortages of human resources in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) sector will undermine the progress of many countries over the last two decades to increase access to water and sanitation. It will impede socio-economic
development of those countries that remain off-track to meet the MDG water and sanitation targets, and raises questions about how realistic WASH targets under the …

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2620 Views
11 Downloads

The provision of quality schools, textbooks, and teachers can result in effective education only if a child is in school and ready and able to learn. The child is at the center of efforts to achieve Education for All (EFA) by 2015 and to address the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of universal basic education and gender equality in educational access. A child who is hungry or sick will not be …

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2967 Views
14 Downloads

In early 2004, the then United Nations Secretary-General Ko Annan called on former Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto of Japan to Devise and execute this idea: bring together eminent people to advise on how to solve the planet’s foremost water and sanitation troubles, suggest a handful of attainable recommendations and a concise plan of action, and then provide the high-level leadership needed …

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3511 Views
33 Downloads

This primer addresses the basic elements of the UNDP approach to capacity development. It provides a simple, cogent and accessible illustration of the UNDP Capacity Development Approach for the benefit of development practitioners both within and beyond the UN development system – a real-world guide to real-world applications to strengthen and contribute to national capacities for development. …

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3176 Views
59 Downloads

There are today more people without access to adequate sanitation than in 2000, despite the commitment included in the MDGs to halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to basic sanitation. This has many consequences for the well-being and potential of many people: sanitation related diseases account for about 800,000 children death per year; open defecation leads to …

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7601 Views
233 Downloads

6398 Views
224 Downloads

The sanitation ladder is a useful tool that is being used to monitor progress towards the sanitation target of the MDGs. This tool could be even more useful if it can be refined to be based on the functions of sanitation systems rather than on a hierarchy of predefined sanitation technologies.

This paper presents a seven-rung function-based sanitation ladder where the functions can be broadly …

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4017 Views
47 Downloads

In this library entry we have grouped together up to five documents that we think are important "first reading" materials for anyone wishing to obtain a quick overview of this topic. For more details, please see the external links to the discussion forum below.

The documents listed in this library entry in reverse chronological order already exist as individual library entries but have been …

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3525 Views
59 Downloads

This paper uses analysis of multi-level governance, path dependency, and institutional inertia to help understand some of the challenges in the sanitation sector in sub-Saharan Africa, and discusses approaches for overcoming them.

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5181 Views
22 Downloads

3750 Views
9 Downloads

3115 Views
28 Downloads

3560 Views
46 Downloads

5570 Views
217 Downloads

5264 Views
196 Downloads

5076 Views
94 Downloads

3613 Views
60 Downloads

3547 Views
5 Downloads

NETSSAF, a project funded by the European Commission, with its consortium of 19 partners has set up objectives aiming at creating synergies from different sectors to support the large-scale implementation of sustainable sanitation systems in peri-urban and rural areas in West Africa. Several valuable results have been obtained, which aim is to propose feasible solutions for the achievement of …

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4717 Views
69 Downloads

3955 Views
43 Downloads

Diarrhoea is the leading cause of child deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa and the second largest cause of child deaths globally. The latest available data indicate that in 2008 1.3 million children under the age of five died from diarrhoea, an entirely preventable disease. Hygiene promotion, including handwashing with soap, has been shown to be one of the most effective ways of reducing diarrhoeal …

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23527 Views
1885 Downloads

The overall goal of the SuSanA is to contribute to the achievement of the MDGs by promoting sanitation systems which are taking into consideration all aspects of sustainability. The MDGs and the UN’s “International Year of Sanitation 2008” are highly appreciated by the “Sustainable Sanitation Alliance” as they help push sanitation high up in the political agenda. The main focus of the …

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6336 Views
33 Downloads

The overall goal of the SuSanA is to contribute to the achievement of the MDGs by promoting sanitation systems which are taking into consideration all aspects of sustainability. The MDGs and the UN’s “International Year of Sanitation 2008” are highly appreciated by the “Sustainable Sanitation Alliance” as they help push sanitation high up in the political agenda. The main focus of the …

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4395 Views
38 Downloads

3605 Views
4 Downloads

4031 Views
22 Downloads

5862 Views
52 Downloads


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The 32nd SuSanA meeting - the third time online - will take place on August 22nd August 2022. It is organised by the SuSanA Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups and Regional Chapters. 

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Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

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The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

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