Published in: 2002
Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
In this document you will read more about the various technical options that meet the requirements for basic sanitation.
These need to be considered within all the sustainability requirements, e.g. affordability, operation and maintenance. The
options are divided into two categories: Dry on-plot systems (that do not require water for operation) and wet systems (that
do require water for operation).The following information is provided for each technical option described:
• A technical drawing of the recommended option
• A description of the options
• An explanation of the principles of operation
• Operational and institutional requirements
• A summary of costs
• Notes on previous user experiences and comments on these
Technical guidelines are available from the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry for on-site dry sanitation.
DWAF (2002). Sanitation for a healthy nation - Sanitation Technology Options. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa.
Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (2002). Sanitation for a healthy nation - Sanitation Technology Options.
English Guidelines and manuals Practitioners Sanitation systems and technology options (WG4) Sub-Saharan Africa Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)
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