Published in: 2001
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, 2000
Esrey, S., Andersson, I., Hillers, A., Sawyer, R.
"Closing the Loop - Ecological sanitation for food security" is a final outcome of a workshop of the same name held in Mexico in October 1999. The workshop brought together professionals in the areas of alternative sanitation, public health, nutrition and agriculture from countries in Latin America, Africa, Asia, North America and Europe. The main idea was based on Ecological sanitation which is seen as a “closed loop” approach preventing pollution by recycling nutrients and organic matter.
Esrey, S., Andersson, I., Hillers, A., Sawyer, R. (2001). Closing the Loop - Ecological sanitation for food security. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, 2000
English Faeces or faecal sludge Food security and productive sanitation (WG5) Urine Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)
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