Published in: 2006
Vodounhessi, A., von Münch, E.
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Many sub-Saharan African towns currently face a “faecal sludge crisis”, because large amounts of faecal sludge from unsewered toilets (pit latrines, septic tanks etc.) are dumped into the environment. This causes public health problems and environmental degradation. The objective of this research was to investigate how faecal sludge management (FSM) can be made an integrated part of a sustainable ecological sanitation (ecosan) approach, with an emphasis on financial sustainability. Kumasi, a city in Ghana, West Africa, with 1.48 million inhabitants was chosen as a case study. Our research shows that the FSM of the city can be independent of donors’ financial support and thus financially sustainable if the potential revenue in both households and farmers is realised.
Vodounhessi, A., von Münch, E. (2006). Financial Challenges to Making Faecal Sludge Management an Integrated Part of the Ecosan Approach, Kumasi, Ghana. IWA Publishing
English Faecal sludge treatment processes Sub-Saharan Africa
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