Published in: 2023
Rajbiraj Municipality lies in Saptari District of Madhesh Province, Nepal. It is divided into sixteen wards and covers an area of 55.64 sq. km. It is restructured by merging with Village Development Committees (VDCs) namely (Maleth, Dighwa, Farseth, Bishharia, Deuri Bharuwa) and some wards of VDCs (Haripur-6, Madhyepura 4-7, Boriya 3-7). It lies at 26.5419° N latitude, 86.7567 °E longitude and the altitude of 76 m above sea level. A population of 71,946 is residing in the municipality with national annual average growth rate of 0.92%.
Saptari District was declared open defecation free (ODF) on April 4, 2018. Still, 11% of households do not have toilets whereas 89% households have improved sanitation facilities. The households without improved sanitation facility opt for open defecation. The households with access to sanitation facility rely on onsite and offsite sanitation systems. The population from about 2% of households rely on offsite sanitation systems and 87% of households rely on onsite sanitation systems.
The SFD graphic shows that excreta generated from 27% of the population are safely managed while FS generated by 73% of the population are unsafely managed. The safely managed excreta generated from 27% of population is temporary as the proportion is only contained and have not been emptied. With the current practice of faecal sludge management (FSM), the proportion of safely managed FS will become unsafely managed once the containments start filling up.
ENPHO (2023). SFD (level 2) Report - Rajbiraj Municipality, Nepal. ENPHO
English Politicians and local decision makers Practitioners SFD Report South Asia
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