Cookie tracking notice
Are we allowed to crumble with cookies and anonymous tracking?

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site (so called session cookies), while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). We use the application Matomo and the external service etracker to analyze your behavior on our website anonymously. Because we value your privacy, we are here with asking your permission to use the following technologies. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy

SFD Lite Report – Bageshwar, India

NIUA (2022)

Published in: 2022
Pages: 11

National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA)


Uploaded by:
SuSanA Admin

Partner profile:
common upload


Bageshwar Nagar Palika Parishad area is 8.5 and has 11 wards with a population of 25,045 (as of year 2018). There are 4,808 Households (HHs) post municipal boundary expansion in the year 2018. With the delimitation of boundary, the total number of wards have increased from 7 to 11. Presently, the geographical area of the city is 8.5 Km2. The revised municipal boundary has been considered for the current study. The average household size is 5.21.

The output of the SFD graphic represents that only 13% of the human excreta flow is attributed to be safely managed and the remaining 87% is unsafely managed. The unsafely managed excreta of 87% is contributed by onsite sanitation. Under onsite component i.e., 100%, - FS contained is attributed by 26% of the population which constitutes septic tank connected to soak pit (T1A2C5), 6% and 20% from lined tanks with impermeable walls and open bottom, no outlet or overflow (T1A4C10). FS not contained is attributed by 74% of the population - FS contributed from containments – fully lined tanks, partially lined tanks and pits, and unlined pits- failed, damaged, collapsed or flooded - with no outlet or overflow (T1B10C10) constitutes to 40%, fully lined tanks (sealed) connected to a soak pit, where there is a 'significant risk' of groundwater pollution (T2A3C5) constitutes 14% and lined tanks with impermeable walls and open bottom, no outlet or overflow, where there is a 'significant risk' of groundwater pollution (T2A4C10) is attributed by 20% of the population. Henceforth, it is assumed that 50% of FS is emptied in case of FS contained, thus 13% (3% from septic tank system +10% lined tank system) is emptied and the remaining 13% FS is contained but not emptied and it represents the portion of FS which remains in tanks and infiltrate into the ground but not contaminating the groundwater table hence represented safe (green arrow). FS not contained – emptied is 30%. It constitutes 50% of FS emptied i.e., 20% from damaged or collapsed systems and 10% from lined tank systems. Faecal Sludge (FS) emptied but not delivered to treatment, hence discharged in the neighbourhood is attributed by 43% (30% + 13%) of the population. Thereby, the remaining 44% of the population’s FS is not contained not emptied. No Supernatant (SN) is generated from the systems (septic tanks to soak pit + fully lined tank sealed with no outlet or overflow + lined tanks with impermeable walls and open bottom; and all types of pit) as 100% proportion of the content in the tank is FS and 0% is SN.

Bibliographic information

NIUA (2022). SFD Lite Report – Bageshwar, India. National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA)

Filter tags

English Politicians and local decision makers Practitioners SFD Report South Asia


SFD Lite Report – Bageshwar, India

Format: pdf file
Size: 1.12 MB

Share this page on    

Networks Circle


Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »




Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (282 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium

Humanitarian Sanitation Hub

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?
Forgot your username?




Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.