Published in: 2020
Centre of Equity Studies, Safai Karamchari Andolan, WaterAid India, European Commission
Mander, H., Kumbhare, S., Bhattacharya, A., Chanchani, M.
In India, gender and caste plays a dominant role in the kinds of jobs that women in the workforce are employed in. It is well established that caste and patriarchy are the main compulsive factors that force people, especially women of the specific scheduled caste communities, into manual scavenging. They are into different forms of manual scavenging, mainly cleaning the insanitary dry latrines and carrying and disposing the human faeces thereof and assisting male folks in carrying and disposing the waste from septic tanks and other sources. Safai karamchari women are discriminated against, due to the fact that they are poor, Dalits and women. They are not only discriminated against by society and administrative systems at large, but also within their own communities where patriarchy persists.
A number of studies have shown that more women are engaged in manual scavenging than men.
Mander, H., Kumbhare, S., Bhattacharya, A., Chanchani, M. (2020). Enabling and supporting women engaged in manual scavenging to successfully move to alternative livelihoods. Centre of Equity Studies, Safai Karamchari Andolan, WaterAid India, European Commission
East Asia & Pacific English Gender equality Import to Sanitation Workers Platform Women's rights & representation and empowerment
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