Cookie tracking notice
Are we allowed to crumble with cookies and anonymous tracking?

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site (so called session cookies), while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). We use the application Matomo and the external service etracker to analyze your behavior on our website anonymously. Because we value your privacy, we are here with asking your permission to use the following technologies. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy

Climate Resilient Urban Sanitation - Accelerating the Convergence of Sanitation and Climate Action

Mikhael, G., Hyde-Smith, L., Twyman, B., Trancón, D. S., Jabagi, E., & Bamford, E. (2021)

Published in: 2021
Pages: 84

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Mikhael, G., Hyde-Smith, L., Twyman, B., Trancón, D. S., Jabagi, E., & Bamford, E.

Uploaded by:
SuSanA Admin

Partner profile:
common upload


Cities are incredibly vulnerable to climate change. Although sanitation is a critical urban system and service, it is not widely considered a climate change issue. While water has long been recognized as a central component of climate change adaptation, there is only sparse research and evidence on the impacts of climate change on sanitation infrastructure and services, and therefore limited discussion of effective approaches for adaptation.

However, sanitation can be a crucial driver for climate change adaptation and mitigation. Through investments in resilient sanitation systems, we can safeguard public health and further, create a sustainable economy around sanitation services, as well as foster innovation as a pivotal component of combating climate change at the global scale. But a shift to sustainable sanitation will require a coordinated effort with other urban services, a better understanding what resilient sanitation systems are and how they can contribute to a city’s overall resilience.
The Sector Programme Sustainable Sanitation at the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the Resilient Cities Network (R-Cities) – partnered to conduct this study to improve our understanding of the impacts of climate change on urban sanitation and the role and potential of sanitation in the context of urban and climate resilience. We are hoping to contribute to the wider understanding of these issues, as well as provide a first set of guiding principles that can support practitioners and policymakers to achieve better outcomes. Being resilient is about identifying the most important priorities for a city faced with multiple challenges, recognizing that shocks and stresses are interconnected, and solutions must be as well.

Bibliographic information

Mikhael, G., Hyde-Smith, L., Twyman, B., Trancón, D. S., Jabagi, E., & Bamford, E. (2021). Climate Resilient Urban Sanitation - Accelerating the Convergence of Sanitation and Climate Action. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Filter tags

English Europe & Central Asia Peri-urban Politicians and local decision makers Practitioners Recommended by SuSanA (other than SuSanA publications) Urban (entire city) Urban informal settlements (slums)


Climate Resilient Urban Sanitation: Accelerating the Convergence of Sanitation and Climate Action

Format: pdf file
Size: 6.22 MB

Executive Summary (Spanish)

Format: pdf file
Size: 0.6 MB

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 396 partners

Networks Circle


Sanitation events

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

  • 04-02-2023 11:41SuSanA:
    RT @WaSa_Hub: 🧼Access to #sanitation is a #HumanRight! Due to a lack of #WASH services in hosting communities, #refugees often face health… »
  • 03-02-2023 15:51indiantoilet:
    Thanks @susana_org for including Indian Toilet Association as a Knowledge Partner of SuSanA. »
  • 03-02-2023 12:39National Faecal Sludge and Septage Alliance:
    To read the reports, visit: »
  • 02-02-2023 07:59SuSanA:
    RT @susana_org: Hey SuSanA members and partners 👋 The 21st AfWA Congress / FSM 7 Conference is around the corner! Are you as excited as us?… »
  • 01-02-2023 22:04WECF international:
    We are preparing for the global UN Water Conference on 22-24 March, and found this nice innovation to address the p… »
  • 01-02-2023 15:02SuSanA:
    Hey SuSanA members and partners 👋 The 21st AfWA Congress / FSM 7 Conference is around the corner! Are you as excite… »

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

32nd SuSanA Meeting

The 32nd virtual SuSanA Meeting took place Monday, 22nd of August (9:00 - 17:00 CEST), right before the Stockholm World Water Week. It was organised by the Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups, Regional Chapters and many more. 

Now meeting recordings and presentations available: Click here to get to the Meeting Page!

SuSanA meetings





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (241 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?
Forgot your username?