Published in: 2008
Report to the Water Research Commission by the Pollution Research Group, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Buckley, C. et al.
eThekwini Municipality (EM) is one of the leading municipalities in South Africa with regard to the provision of basic sanitation services. The Municipality has selected a hybrid source-separating alternating twin pit ventilated pit toilets, also referred to as urine diversion toilets, as the preferred delivery mechanism for certain communities in their area of responsibility. Urine diversion VIP/VDVIP is the terminology used for the eThekwini implementation throughout this report. The first units were installed in communities outside the urban centre, built according to a constantly improving design that was initially based on a number of guiding principles identified by eThekwini Municipality.
Buckley, C. et al. (2008). Research into UD/VIDP (Urine Diversion Ventilated Improved Double Pit) toilets, prevalence and die-off of ascaris ova in urine diversion waste. Report to the Water Research Commission by the Pollution Research Group, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
English Faecal sludge treatment processes Faeces or faecal sludge Peri-urban Sub-Saharan Africa Urine Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)
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