SFD Report - Kalpetta, India

Rohilla, S. K., Luthra, B., Yadav, A., Gupta, B. (2017)

Published in: 2017
Pages: 43

SFD Promotion Initiative, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India

Rohilla, S. K., Luthra, B., Yadav, A., Gupta, B.

Uploaded by:
SuSanA Admin

Partner profile:
common upload


 Location of library entry

Kalpetta is a town and a municipality in the Wayanad district, of Kerala, India. It is the headquarters of Wayanad district as well as the headquarters of Vythiritaluk. It is a bustling town surrounded by dense coffee, tea plantations and hills (KM, 2015).
Apart from being the administrative capital of the district, Kalpetta is also the centre of tourism, as it is currently located within the two districts and due to its proximity to most visited tourist sites (WTO, 2017).

There is no household connected to functional underground drainage system. Most of the households in the city (60%) are dependent on three chambered septic tanks connected to soak pits. Whereas the rest (36%) are dependent on pit latrines constructed with concrete rings or granite stones with open bottoms. Sizes of containment systems depend on space availability and affordability of the households. The septic tanks are constructed according to the Kerala Municipal Building Rules (KMBR) 1999. About 4% of population defecates in the open. It is mostly practised tribal areas and near riparian of River Moniyangod. There are three public toilets catering tourists, visiting the city, and seven community toilets catering the local residents deprived of individual toilets (KM, 2016).

Bibliographic information

Rohilla, S. K., Luthra, B., Yadav, A., Gupta, B. (2017). SFD Report - Kalpetta, India. SFD Promotion Initiative, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India

Filter tags

Asia & Pacific English SFD Report


SFD Report - Kalpetta, India

Format: pdf file
Size: 11.82 MB

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 365 partners

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

30th SuSanA meeting

The 30th SuSanA meeting - the first virtual of its kind - took place from August 17th to August 28th 2020. It was organised by the SuSana Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups and Regional Chapters.

Click here to get to the Meeting Page!

SuSanA meetings





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?