Published in: 2016
IRC/ USAID/ Oxfam.
Juillard, H., Sloane, E.
This document provides guidance for practitioners on conducting market analysis before the onset of an anticipated crisis using an adaptation of existing post-crisis market assessment tools. Recommendations stemming from this analysis could be used to inform preparedness and DRR programming decision making as well as future emergency responses. This guidance focuses on markets, with the objective to improve programming. As with any humanitarian initiative, the core objective of PCMA is to increase the quality of interventions that benefit people vulnerable to crisis.
The PCMA guidance document does not cover market analysis after a shock when there is no existing baseline, nor is it appropriate for use in slow-onset emergencies when the impact of a hazard is imminent (for example, when Early Warning Systems are already saying that a drought is unfolding and will result in a food insecurity crisis). It covers the existing income market systems (i.e. the ones people access to gain an income from – production, labour, entrepreneurship) and expenditure market systems (i.e. the commodities and services people purchase) that are already part of people’s livelihood and basic needs coverage, but not new market opportunities. This guidance can be used to support the analysis of commodity- and servicerelated market systems across sectors.
Juillard, H., Sloane, E. (2016). Pre-Crisis Market Analysis (PCMA) - Revised. IRC/ USAID/ Oxfam.
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