Published in: 1985
UNDP, World Bank
Mara, D. D.
The traditional solution to providing sanitation facilities in urban areas has been conventional sewerage, but this technology is so expensive that it is not generally affordable by low-income communities. World Bank research has shown that full health benefits can be obtained through the use of a variety of lower-cost alternative sanitation technologies. Although the user convenience level of these technologies is not necessarily as high as that of conventional sewerage, this should not be considered a major disadvantage, since health improvements are initially more important than providing high levels of user convenience. This Technical Note describes in detail one of these technologies, the pour-flush latrine, which has been widely adopted during the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade (1981-1990).
Mara, D. D. (1985). Design of Pour-Flush Latrines. UNDP, World Bank
English Guidelines and manuals Practitioners
Share this page on