Published in: 2016
Water and Sanitation Program (WSP)
Blackett, I., Hawkins, P.
Urban sanitation remains a significant challenge for most low and middle income countries. The urban population of the group of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) more than tripled between 1990 and 2015. While access to sanitation in LDCs has increased in relative terms, in absolute terms the number of people using unimproved sanitation has increased. Under the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), there is now a focus on the whole sanitation service chain from containment through to disposal. The challenge for urban sanitation under the SDGs is therefore not only to achieve universal access to toilets, but also that all excreta is safely managed along the whole sanitation service chain.
Blackett, I., Hawkins, P. (2016). Fecal Sludge Management Tools - Diagnostic and cecision support tools. Water and Sanitation Program (WSP)
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