Published in: 2016
Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Hassib, Y., Etemadi, H.
SuSanA Admin (susanaadmin)
Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country. According to a 2012 estimate, the population of the city was around 3,289,000. It was selected for the SFD program because it is a mega city with only 20% supplied with piped water and 60% informal dwellings. In Kabul it was estimated that 21% of excreta is managed safely while 79% of the excreta ends up directly in the environment without adequate treatment.
This Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) Report was created through desk-based research by GIZ as part of the SFD Promotion Initiative.
Date of production: 16/05/2016
Last update: 11/08/2016
Hassib, Y., Etemadi, H. (2016). SFD Report - Kabul, Afghanistan - SFD Promotion Initiative. Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Afghanistan English Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia SFD General Library SFD Report Urban (entire city)
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